Babarin B. А., Pirogova O. E.

Reconstruction of a commercial real estate object as a driver of investment attractiveness


Skoropada P. D.

Control and economic analysis of key indicators of constructionand reconstruction of linear facilities the structure of OOO Lukoil-West Siberia facilities as an example


Sergienko E. A., Tsoraeva E. N., Kataeva M. V.

To the issue of rationing the area of land plots for the placement of educational institutions


Stepancevich M. N., Gorbachev M. I., Kachalin M. A.

Digital transformation of the activities of participants in the agrifood market based on the smart contract




Pichuzhkin N. A. 

Extrascholastic dissemination of agricultural knowledge in Russia in the pre-reform period (before 1861)


Bekirova M. I. 

Organizing and conducting a pedagogical experiment on preparation of future teachers-defectologists for professional activities


Kucher B. D., Golovko O. N. 

The feasibility of improving teachers' competence in distance learning for gifted children


Slavin D. S., Chekalina E. А., Kulkova I. V. 

The influence of distance learning on the motivation and attitude of schoolchildren to physical education classes


Kudryavceva L. A.

On the possibilities of organizing educational work in the teaching of natural science disciplines (on the example of the discipline "Physics")


Grigor'eva M. V., Belopuhov S. L., Dmitrevskaya I. I., Bagnavec N. L.

Pedagogical conditions for forming competence of determining pesticide content in agricultural products
















DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-78-3-7-18

УДК 347.214.2


BOGDAN А. BABARIN, Master’s Degree

OKSANA E. PIROGOVA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Institute of Industrial Engineering and Management, Economics, and Trade, Higher School of Service and Trade, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg



Abstract. Commercial real estate objects commissioned more than 10-15 years ago are currently experiencing a number of problems: physical and moral wear and tear, changed consumer demands, discrepancy between the previously selected concepts of objects and the current conditions. The situation is aggravated by the acceleration of transformation processes due to the consequences of the coronavirus pandemic, as evidenced by the development dynamics in the retail and office segments of commercial real estate. In this regard, the relevance of identifying the needs of commercial real estate objects in the conceptualization, as well as in predicting the development of the object and its effectiveness after the measures taken increases. Based on the similar experience, the concept serves as a driver for further development of the object: vacancy rate will be reduced, new tenants will be attracted, customer loyalty to the object will be increased. The purpose of the research is to work out and choose the most effective variant of commercial real estate object development, as well as to forecast its development. Objectives: to analyze the investment activity in the segments of the commercial real estate of St. Petersburg; to characterize the object of research; to work out measures for the reconstruction of the object of research; to make the forecast of the object development. Methods: comparison, analysis and synthesis, classification, generalization.

Key words:  commercial real estate, market analysis, reconstruction, forecasting.



1. Obzor rynka torgovoj nedvizhimosti Sankt-Peterburga: 2020 [Review of St.-Petersburg retail real estate market: 2020].URL:

2. Internet-torgovlya v Rossii: 2020 [Internet commerce in Russia: 2020]. URL:

3. Investicii v ofisnuyu nedvizhimost' Sankt-Peterburga [Investments in St.-Petersburg
office real estate]. URL:

4.  Obzor rynka ofisnoj nedvizhimosti Sankt-Peterburga: 2020 [Review of office property market in Saint-Petersburg: 2020]. URL:

5.  Spravochnaya informaciya ob OOO «Aura» [Reference information about "Aura"]. URL:

6.  Spravochnaya informaciya ob OOO «Aura» [Reference information about "Aura"]. URL:

7. Zemel'nyj nalog [Land tax]. URL:

8.  Zakon Sankt-Peterburga «O General'nom plane Sankt-Peterburga» ot 21.12.2005 № 728-99 [Law of Saint-Petersburg "On the General Plan of Saint-Petersburg" of 21.12.2005
№ 728-99] // Elektronnyj fond pravovyh i tekhnicheskih dokumentov. URL:

9. Zakon Sankt-Peterburga «O Pravilah zemlepol'zovaniya i zastrojki» ot 16.02.2009 № 29-10 [Law of Saint-Petersburg "On the Rules of Land Use and Development" dated
16.02.2009 № 29-10] // Elektronnyj fond pravovyh i tekhnicheskih dokumentov. URL:

10. Portfel' GK Best": OOO «Aura» [Portfolio of GK Best: "Aura" LLC]. URL:





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-78-3-19-40

УДК (343:69)571.513-25



GazArtStroy Limited Liability Company, Russian Federation, St. Petersburg


Abstract. The article is devoted to the topical issues of implementation of the investment program of capital construction and reconstruction of linear objects of the oil and gas
segment of the economy in the analysis of the main technical and economic indicators of the oil and gas enterprise. The role of economic strategy of oil and gas companies with
the purpose of increasing the effectiveness of financial reserves by using additional opportunities and analysis of system risks at the stage of a complete cycle of design and
construction of facilities is presented as of paramount importance. In the article the author defines the concept of planning, short-term and medium-term forecasts of the investment program, which reflects the main directions and objectives of the development of oil and gas enterprise in the planning period. Important questions of reconstruction of
transport highways, a considerable part of which has long ago exceeded their standard service life, are highlighted. Reflected one of the main issues of rational spending and
management of financial reserves through graph-analytical model, combined with a system of control and monitoring of the investment program of oil companies. The main attention in this article is concentrated on a fundamentally new approach of the complex plan-fact analysis by means of the graph-analytical model, on the basis of which concrete
proposals for economic stabilization of the company activity are worked out for the benefit of the company. The article pays attention to the questions of evaluation of the plan of
production with the help of graph-analytical model with the introduction of the coefficient of efficiency of the planned volume development, the coefficient of use of the planned calendar time, the coefficient of production realization. An example of economic evaluation and analysis of production activity by means of the graph-analytical model of a conventional oil and gas producing holding is given in detail. By comparing various technical and economic indicators, the author emphasizes the determination of the degree of involvement of production and technical resources of the enterprise taking into account the ratio between the labor productivity of construction sites and the use of planned calendar
time. The importance of research of financial flows dynamics of the enterprise investment program on the basis of graph-analytical model with an aim of definition of unused opportunities (presence of reserves) which were not taken into account at planning of enterprise activity in the analyzed period has been noted. The conclusion focuses on the
prospects of application of the graph-analytical model in the oil and gas industry with the possibility of adaptation to different industries.

Key words: oil and gas complex, data analysis, economic evaluation, productivity factor, graph-analytical model, time factor of influence, implementation terms, investment program, pipelines, economy.



1. Nam O. S. Povyshenie ekspluatacionnoj nadezhnosti promyslovyh nefteprovodov
Zapadnoj Sibiri na osnove ocenki ih tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya [Increasing operational reliability of field pipelines of Western Siberia on the basis of assessment of their technical condition]: dis. … kand. tekhn. nauk : 05.15.06 / Nam Oleg Sergeevich. Ufa, 1999. 139 p.

2. Sostoyanie truboprovodov v Rossii: staroe protiv novogo. 11.12.2020 [State of the pipelines in Russia: old vs. new. 11.12.2020].URL:

3. SP 131.13330.2012–113 Stroitel'naya klimatologiya. Aktualizirovannaya redakciya SNiP 23-01-99 [SP 131.13330.2012-113 Building Climatology. Revised edition of SNiP 23-
01-99]. Data vved. 2013–01–01.

4. Oficial'nyj sajt kompanii PAO «LUKOJL» [Official website of PJSC "LUKOIL"]. URL:

5. Zemskov V. V. Risk-orientirovannaya strategiya effektivnosti ispol'zovaniya byudzhetnyh rezervov [Risk-oriented strategy for the effectiveness of the use of budgetary reserves] // Ekonomika i upravlenie. 2017. № 6. pp. 39, 44−45.

6. Skoropada P. D. Grafoanaliticheskaya model' kontrolya i analiza investicionnoj programmy kapital'nogo stroitel'stva i rekonstrukcii ob"ektov − put' k novym cifrovym
promyshlennym resheniyam v neftegazovom sektore ekonomiki [Grapho-analytical model of control and analysis of the investment program of capital construction and reconstruction of facilities - the way to new digital industrial solutions in the oil and gas sector of the economy]
// Nauchno-ekonomicheskij zhurnal «Problemy ekonomiki i upravleniya neftegazovym kompleksom» 2021. pp. 46−55. URL:

7. Egorov V. V., Parsadanov G. A. Prognozirovanie nacional'noj ekonomiki Ministerstvo obrazovaniya RF Gosudarstvennyj universitet upravleniya [Forecasting the national economy Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation State University of Management]: uchebnoe posobie. M. : Infra-M, 2001. 184 p. URL:

8. Shapkin A. S. Ekonomicheskie i finansovye riski. Ocenka, upravlenie, portfel' investicij [Economic and financial risks. Estimation, management, portfolio of investments]. 5-e
izd. M. : Dashkov i Ko, 2006. pp. 7.

9. Lapusta M. G., Sharshukova L. G. Riski v predprinimatel'skoj deyatel'nosti [Risks in entrepreneurial activity]. M. : INFRA-M, 1998. pp. 74.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-78-3-41-49

УДК 349.4:332


ELEONORA N. TSORAEVA, Ph. D. of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor

Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin, Russian Federation, Moscow

MARINA V. KATAEVA, Ph. D. of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor

Gorsky state agrarian university, Russian Federation, Republic of North Ossetia − Alania, Vladikavkaz



Abstract. The theoretical and legal aspects of the use of lands of settlements for the placement of social infrastructure are considered in the article. The problem of inconsistency of the size of land plots of children's educational institutions with the actual number of students, which occurs due to the excess of several times the actual number of
students in educational institutions compared with the design values is considered. The revealed violation of the norms of urban planning is the result of the development of new
urban areas without the allocation of land for the placement of social infrastructure. The analysis of security of the population of the municipal formation of Krasnodar with a so
cial infrastructure is resulted, the problem of insufficiency of educational institutions is revealed, on the basis of which the additional areas for building of objects of a social infrastructure for the purpose of creation of the most comfortable city environment, maintenance of steady development of city areas and prevention of infringement of designed number, trained in existing educational institutions is offered to allocate. A brief comparative analysis of the normative parameters of land plots allocated for the construction of social infrastructure in England and Russia is presented.

Key words: land plot, land use, facilities, social infrastructure, residential land, educational institutions.



1. Sergienko E. A., Coraeva E. N. Vyhod iz demograficheskogo krizisa putem obespecheniya ustojchivogo razvitiya gorodskih territorij [Way out of the demographic crisis
by providing sustainable development of urban areas] // V sb. : Investicii, stroitel'stvo, nedvizhimost' kak drajvery social'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya territorii i povysheniya
kachestva zhizni naseleniya: Materialy X Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: V 2-h chastyah / Pod red. T. Yu. Ovsyannikovoj, I. R. Salagor. 2020. pp. 232−236.

2. Svod pravil: SP 42.13330.2016 Gradostroitel'stvo. Planirovka i zastrojka gorodskih i sel'skih poselenij [Code of Practice: SP 42.13330.2016 Urban Planning. Planning and development of urban and rural settlements]. URL:

3. Ob utverzhdenii normativov gradostroitel'nogo proektirovaniya Krasnodarskogo kraya: prikaz Departamenta po arhitekture i gradostroitel'stvu Krasnodarskogo kraya ot 16 aprelya 2015 goda № 78 [On approval of the norms of urban planning of the Krasnodar Territory: Order of the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning of the Krasnodar Territory on April 16, 2015 № 78]. URL:

4. Tsoraeva E. N., Bekmurzov A. D., Kozyrev S. G., Khoziev A. M., Kozyrev A. Kh. Environmental issues of agriculture as a consequence of the intensification of the development of agricultural industry [Environmental issues of agriculture as a consequence of the intensification of the development of agricultural industry] // V sb. : E3S Web of Conferences. Saint Petersburg, 2020. pp. 02003.

5.  Kataeva M. V., Hugaeva L. M., Kuchiev S. E., Pekh A. A. Analiz vedeniya gosudarstvennogo zemel'nogo nadzora v sfere narushenij zemel'nogo zakonodatel'stva po respublike Severnaya Osetiya – Alaniya [Analysis of state land supervision in the field of violations of land legislation in the Republic of North Ossetia - Alania] // Zemleustrojstvo, kadastr i monitoring zemel'. 2019. № 12 (179). pp. 35–39.

6. Hlevnaya A. V., Yarockaya E. V. Teoreticheskie podhody k ustojchivomu razvitiyu sel'skih territorij [Theoretical approaches to the sustainable development of rural areas] // V sb. : Ekonomika Rossii v XXI veke: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov XII Vserossijskoj nauchnoprakticheskoj konferencii: V 2-h tomah / Pod red. G. A. Baryshevoj, L. M. Borisovoj; Tomskij politekhnicheskij universitet. 2015. pp. 139−145.

7. Pekh A. A., Khugaeva L. M., Kataeva M. V., Kuchiev S. E., Rogova T. A., Gadzhiev R. K., Kozyrev B. A. Role of regional programs in the modern development of the agroindustrial complex of Rso-Alania [Role of regional programs in the modern development of the agroindustrial complex of Rso-Alania] // V sb.: XIX International scientific and practical conference «current trends of agricultural industry in global economy». 2020. pp. 190−197.

8. Radchevskij N. M., Zajceva Ya. V. Zarubezhnyj opyt razvitiya zemel'nogo rynka [Foreign experience in the development of the land market] // Ekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. 2019. № 11 (112). pp. 1079−1081.

9. Hashaeva A. B. Ob"ekty obrazovaniya v sisteme social'noj infrastruktury sel'skih territorij Respubliki Kalmykiya [Objects of education in the system of social infrastructure of rural areas of the Republic of Kalmykia] // Obshchestvo: sociologiya, psihologiya, pedagogika. 2020. № 12 (80). pp. 115−118.

10.  Coraeva E. N., Sergienko E. A. Ustojchivoe razvitie gorodskih territorij: zarubezhnyj opyt [Sustainable development of urban areas: foreign experience] // V Sb.: Sovremennye problemy i perspektivy razvitiya zemel'no-imushchestvennyh otnoshenij: Sbornik statej po materialam II Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii / Otv. za vypusk E. V. Yarockaya. 2020. pp. 533−537.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-78-3-50-60

УДК 338.43:339.13:004(470)


MARINA N. STEPANCEVICH, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

MIHAIL I. GORBACHEV, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

MIHAIL A. KACHALIN, Postgraduate

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The agro-industrial complex plays an important role in the economic and social development of our country. The agricultural sector accounts for about 3.5% of gross domestic product. At the same time, many participants in the agro-food market have faced rising costs of material and labor resources and decreasing profits. As the practice of developed countries shows, the rapid development of digital technology significantly changes the activities of agricultural producers. In order to maintain the efficiency of their activities, agricultural producers are transforming the value chain based on the use of the ecosystem of big data and digital technologies. Therefore, the digital transformation of the agri-food market is becoming increasingly important. The article reviews the state of information  support for trade and procurement operations at the regional agro-food market, identifies the participants of the agro-food market involved in the digital transformation. The authors analyzed the business processes of supply and sale of products, created models of EPC, built a tree of objectives for the development of a digital platform to improve trade and procurement operations on the agro-food market of the region, justified the feasibility and timeliness of the use of technologies and mechanisms of traceability of goods in carrying out trade and procurement operations. As a result, a solution for the digital transformation of the regional agro-food market based on blockchain is proposed, the main effects of digital transformation of the activities of participants in the agro-food market based on the smart contract are identified.

Key words: digital transformation, trade and procurement operations, agri-food market participants, blockchain, smart contract, traceability, agribusiness, human resources.



1. Hudyakova E. V., Vodyannikov V. T., Berdyshev V. E., Skorohodova N. V. O razrabotke professional'nogo standarta «Specialist po organizacii i upravleniyu v sel'skom hozyajstve» [On the development of the professional standard "Specialist in the organization and management in agriculture"] // Ekonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii. 2020. № 10. pp. 42−46.

2. Berdyshev V. E., Skorohodova N. V., Vodyannikov V. T., Hudyakova E. V., Chistova Ya. S. Rol' professional'nyh i obrazovatel'nyh standartov v formirovanii kompetencij po upravleniyu v oblasti sel'skogo hozyajstva [The Role of Professional and Educational Standards in the Formation of Agricultural Management Competences] // Elektronnyj nauchno-metodicheskij zhurnal Omskogo GAU. 2020. 4 (23). pp. 9.

3. Mamatov A. V., Konstantinov I. S., Mashkova A. L., Savina O. A. Programma avtomatizacii podderzhki prinyatiya reshenij v upravlenii kadrovym potencialom regiona
[Decision Support Automation Program for Management of Human Resources Potential of a Region] // Svidetel'stvo o registracii programmy dlya EVM RU 2020610459. 15.01.2020.
Pravoobladatel': NIU «BelGU».

4. Kachalin M. A. Razrabotka arhitektury cifrovoj platformy dlya provedeniya torgovo-zakupochnyh operacij na agroprodovol'stvennom rynke RF [Development of an architecture of digital platform for trade and procurement operations in the agro-food market of the Russian Federation] // Sbornik studencheskih rabot FGBOU VO RGAU−MSKHA imeni K. A. Timiryazeva. 2020. № 27. pp. 470−472.

5. Kushnaryova M. N. K voprosu ob opredelenii effekta ot cifrovizacii sel'skogo hozyajstva (na primere vnedreniya cifrovoj platformy na agroprodovol'stvennom rynke RF) [On
the definition of the effect of digitalization of agriculture (on the example of the implementation of a digital platform in the agri-food market of the Russian Federation)] // Izvestiya
Mezhdunarodnoj akademii agrarnogo obrazovaniya. 2019. № 45. pp. 132−135.

6. Truhachev V. I., Chutcheva Yu. V. «Agrotekhnologii budushchego» – nauchnyj centr mirovogo urovnya ["Agrotechnologies of the future" − world-class scientific center] // Ekonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii. 2021. № 3. pp. 2–6.

7. Medennikov V. I. Model' strategicheskogo upravleniya agroholdingom na osnove edinoj cifrovoj platformy APK [Model of strategic management of agroholding on the basis of a unified digital platform of agroindustrial complex] // Mezhdunarodnyj sel'skohozyajstvennyj zhurnal. 2021. № 2 (380). pp. 48−51.

8. Medennikov V. I., Gorbachev M. I. Cifrovaya sel'skohozyajstvennaya platforma v EAES [Digital agricultural platform in the EAEU] // V sb.: Nauchno-tekhnologicheskoe razvitie APK kak drajver ekonomicheskogo rosta EAES: Sbornik statej po materialam mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2018. pp. 75−84.

9.  Statisticheskij internet-otchet otrasli APK «Obzor rynka sel'skogo hozyajstva» [Statistical Internet report of the agroindustrial complex industry "Review of the agricultural market"]. URL: business/russian/obzor-rynka-selskogo-hozyajstva-2019.pdf.

10.  Truhachev V. I. Rol' agrarnyh vuzov v kadrovom obespechenii gosudarstvennoj programmy «Kompleksnoe razvitie sel'skih territorij» [The role of agrarian universities in staffing the state program "Integrated development of rural areas"] // Predstavitel'naya vlast' − XXI vek: zakonodatel'stvo, kommentarii, problemy. 2021. № 1-2 (184-185). pp. 34−39.

11. Mashkova A. L., Mamatov A. V., Konstantinov I. S. Ocenka effektivnosti meropriyatij po razvitiyu kadrovogo potenciala regiona v ramkah situacionno-povedencheskogo
podhoda [Evaluation of the effectiveness of measures to develop the human resource potential of the region in the framework of the situational-behavioral approach] // Nauchnye vedomosti Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika. Informatika. 2019. № 4. pp. 754−763.

12. Horuzhij L. I., Ashmarina T. I. Sel'skoe hozyajstvo i cifrovoj shyolkovyj put' [Agriculture and the Digital Silk Road] // Ekonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii. 2020. № 3.
pp. 16−19.















DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-78-3-61-69

УДК 376:159.9


NIKOLAY A. PICHUZHKIN, Ph. D. of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article is devoted to a topic that has been little developed to this date, which has an undoubted scientific potential. The author of the work notes the possibility of transferring agricultural knowledge in the absence of any school system. Attention is drawn to the activities of Peter I and Catherine II aimed at the development of agriculture and cattle breeding, which indirectly influenced the dissemination of agricultural knowledge. The role of the Imperial Free Economic Society in the popularization of advanced agricultural experience, scientific approach to agriculture is discussed. The contribution of Russian landowners, who are familiar with the European experience of farming, to the process under consideration is also noted. The author emphasizes that it was the landowners who became the founders of the first agricultural schools in the country. The successful work of the schools was noted in the estates of D. M. Poltoratsky near Kaluga and D. M. Shelekhov near Tver. The article notes a new form of vertical transfer of agricultural knowledge for Russian society – the instructions of landowners to their elders or rulers. A special scientific role of the Order of A. T. Bolotov is highlighted. The article highlights and summarizes the actions of the state authorities to modernize agricultural production and, as a result, to spread agricultural knowledge. To confirm this thesis, the article notes the activities of model farms and estates.

Key words: agriculture, competition, peasants, model farm, agriculture, agricultural knowledge, agricultural school, «Works of the «FES (Free Economic Society)».



1. Ponomarev N. V. Istoricheskij obzor pravitel'stvennyh meropriyatij k razvitiyu sel'skogo hozyajstva v Rossii ot nachala gosudarstva do nastoyashchego vremeni [Historical Review of Government Measures for the Development of Agriculture in Russia from the Beginning of the State to the Present]. SPb. : Tipografiya V. Kirshbauma, 1888. 401 р.

2. Polnoe Sobranie Zakonov [Complete Collection of Laws]. T. 5. № 3466.

3. Polnoe Sobranie Zakonov [Complete Collection of Laws]. T. 16. № 12306.

4. Pamyatnaya knizhka Voronezhskoj gubernii na 1863–1864 g. [Commemorative Book of Voronezh Province for 1863-1864]. Voronezh : Izdanie Voronezhskogo Gubernskogo Statisticheskogo Komiteta, 1864. 239 р.

5.  Gmelin S. G. Puteshestvie po Rossii dlya issledovaniya trekh carstv estestva [Journey in Russia for the study of the three kingdoms of nature]. SPb. : Pri Imp. Akad. Nauk,
1806. 318 р.

6. Hodnev A. I. Istoriya Vol'nogo ekonomicheskogo obshchestva s 1765 do 1865 goda [History of the Free Economic Society from 1765 to 1865]. SPb. : Tip. Tovarishchestva «Obshchestvennaya pol'za» 1865. 667 р.

7. Vasil'ev V. P., Pichuzhkin N. A. Voprosy razvitiya zemledeliya v sel'skohozyajstvennyh zhurnalah vtoroj poloviny XVIII veka [Issues of agricultural development in agricultural
journals of the second half of the XVIII century]. M. : ООО «UMC «Triada», 2013. 53 р.

8. Sochinenie knyazya M. M. Shcherbatova [Essays of Prince M. M. Scherbatov]. Tom Pervyj. SPb. : Pechatnya S. I. Yakovleva, 1896. 1060 р.

9. Chernyshev I. V. Agrarno-krest'yanskaya politika Rossii za 150 let (Po materialam Vol'nogo ekonomicheskogo obshchestva) [Agrarian and peasant policy in Russia for 150 years (On the materials of the Free Economic Society)]. Petrograd : Vol'noe ekonomicheskoe obshchestvo, 1918. 384 р.

10. Pichuzhkin N. A. Ocherki ob istorii agrarnogo obrazovaniya v Rossii XIX veka [Essays on the history of agrarian education in Russia in the 19th century]. M. : OOO «Megapolis», 2017. 301 р.

11. Zemledel'cheskij zhurnal [Zemlyadelskii zhurnal]. 1829. № 27.

12. Shelekhov D. P. Puteshestvie po russkim proselochnym dorogam [Journey along the Russian country roads]. SPb. : Tip. A. Borodina, 1842. 71 р.

13. Shelekhov D. P. Narodnoe rukovodstvo v sel'skom hozyajstve [People's leadership in agriculture]. Chast' 1. SPb. : Tipografiya A. Smirdina, 1838. 328 р.

14. Polnoe Sobranie Zakonov [The Complete Collection of Laws]. T. 27. № 21016.

15. Miklashevskij I. N. Ocherki iz istorii sel'skohozyajstvennogo obrazovaniya v Rossii [Essays on the history of agricultural education in Russia]. SPb. : Tip. I. N. Skorohodova,
1893. 66 р.

16. Zemledel'cheskij zhurnal [Zemlyadelsky Zhurnal]. 1827. № 20.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-78-3-70-79

УДК 378:159.9(045)



CEPU named after Fevzi Yakubov, Russian Federation, Crimea



Abstract. The article is devoted to the preparatory stage of the experiment, which describes the organization of the experimental study to prepare future teachersdefectologists for professional activity. The approaches to the concept of "pedagogical experiment" from the position of different scientists are considered, which allowed to generalize the available interpretations and present its semantic characteristic, which is the most optimal within the framework of the present study. In addition, the author formulated the concept of "preparedness for professional activity of a future teacherdefectologist", which reflects one of the content structures of the study. The purpose and objectives of the pedagogical experiment are marked in the article, the presentation of the pedagogical experiment consisting of three interrelated stages, each of which is described in detail in order to most accurately represent this study. The scheme of the experiment for its visual perception is given. In addition, there is a description of the entrance testing, according to the results of which the choice of the experimental and control groups for further pedagogical experiment was carried out, as well as the results of calculations which allowed to determine the homogeneity of the selected groups and the correctness of the sample using Student's t-criterion with detailed calculations and formulas. The author outlines the prospect of further research as a final idea.

Key words: teacher-defectologist, training, professional activity, special (defectological) education, oligofrenopedagogy, pedagogical experiment, stages of experiment.


1. Sergeeva A. I. Sovremennye tendencii professional'noj podgotovki defektologov v vuze [Modern Trends in Professional Training of Defectologists in Higher Education] // Vestnik TGPU (TSPU Bulletin), 2016. 5 (170). pp. 42−46.

2. Suf'yanova L. V. Pedagogicheskaya tekhnologiya formirovaniya upravlencheskoj kompetencii studentov – budushchih uchitelej-defektologov v processe obucheniya v VUZE [Pedagogical technology of formation of managerial competence of students - future teachersdefectologists in the process of training in higher education institution]: avtoref. dis. … kand. ped. nauk : 13.00.08 / Suf'yanova Lyajsan Vafirovna. Izhevsk, 2010. 26 p.

3. Yakovleva I. M. Formirovanie professional'noj kompetentnosti uchitelyaoligofrenopedagoga v sisteme nepreryvnogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya [The formation of professional competence of a oligophrenopedagogue teacher in the system of continuous pedagogical education]: avtoref. dis. … doktora ped. nauk : 13.00.03 / Yakovleva Irina Mihajlovna. M. , 2010. 45 p. 

4. Yastrebova L. A. Formirovanie professional'no znachimyh kachestv budushchih pedagogov-defektologov [Formation of professionally significant qualities of future teachersdefectologists]: avtoref. dis. ... kand. ped. nauk : 13.00.08 / Yastrebova Larisa Aleksandrovna. Stavropol', 2008. 21 p.

5. Bekirova M. I. Analiz uchebnyh planov obucheniya budushchih uchitelejdefektologov – faktor vyyavleniya suti soderzhaniya ih podgotovki [The analysis of curricula of future teachers-defectologists - a factor in identifying the essence of the content of their training] // Razvitie professional'nyh kompetencij uchitelya: osnovnye problemy i cennosti: Sb. nauchnyh trudov V mezhdunarodnogo foruma po pedagogicheskomu obrazovaniyu. Chast' 1. 2019. pp. 89−94. 

6. Bekirova M. I. Model' podgotovki budushchih uchitelej-defektologov v sovremennom vuze [Model of preparation of future teachers-defectologists in a modern university] // Nauchnyj zhurnal KANT. 2019. № 4 (33). pp. 192−196.

7.  Tarhan L. Z., Bekirova M. I. Pedagogicheskie usloviya podgotovki budushchih uchitelej-defektologov [Pedagogical conditions of training future teachers-defectologists] // Mir nauki, kul'tury i obrazovaniya. 2020. № 2. pp. 224−227. 

8. Pedagogicheskij enciklopedicheskij slovar' [Pedagogical Encyclopedic Dictionary] / pod red. B. M. Bim-Bad. M. : Bol'shaya rossijskaya enciklopediya, 2003. 528 p.

9. Pedagogika s metodikoj prepodavaniya special'nyh disciplin [Pedagogy with the methodology of teaching special disciplines]: ucheb. posobie modul'nogo tipa / pod. red. I. V. Novgorodcevoj. 3-e izd., ster. M. : FLINTA, 2017. 378 p.

10. Podlasyj I. P. Pedagogika [Pedagogy]: uchebnik dlya bakalavrov. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M. : Yurajt, 2012. 574 p.

11. Obrazcov P. I. Metody i metodologiya psihologo-pedagogicheskogo issledovaniya [Methods and methodology of psychological and pedagogical research]. SPb. : Piter, 2004. 268 p. 

12. Kyveryalg A. A. Metod issledovaniya v professional'noj pedagogike [Research method in professional pedagogy]. Tallin : VALGUS, 1980. 334 p. 





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-78-3-80-88

УДК 37.018.43:004


BORIS D. KUCHER, Postgraduate Student

OLGA N. GOLOVKO, Advanced Doctor in Biological Sciences, Associate Professor

Sevastopol State University, Russian Federation, Sevastopol



Abstract. The article considers the aspects of improving the competence of teachers in the field of distance learning for gifted children. The relevance of this work is due to the improvement and availability of modern information and communication technologies (ICT), the introduction of the standard "Teacher", according to which the teacher must be competent in digital technology, be able to form ICT-related skills in students, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic, due to which the demand for electronic communication tools in educational institutions has increased manifold. The paper reveals the signs of giftedness and shows the possibilities of using ICT to work with gifted children, the pedagogical principles applicable to the distance learning model for such children. The stages of developing a course of distance learning with gifted children are shown. The results of a questionnaire survey of the teaching staff of the State Educational Institution Secondary School № 45 named after V. I. Sokolov Sevastopol on the subject of lessons for gifted children, the forms of such lessons and teachers' needs for improving their competence in the field of distance learning for gifted students are presented. Based on the questionnaire, the authors distributed the age groups of the teaching staff depending on the form of conducting educational activities: face-to-face, distance or full-distance. The stages and essence of ICT competency development courses for teachers with the aim of introducing mixed and distance forms of teaching gifted children into the educational process are presented.

Key words: teacher competence, distance learning, gifted children, educational process, ICT, digital literacy, digital technology.


1. Golovko O. N., Kucher B. D. Problemy vnedreniya distancionnogo obucheniya v srednej shkole i puti ih resheniya [Problems of implementing distance learning in secondary schools and ways of solving them] // Modelirovanie i konstruirovanie v obrazovatel'noj srede: materialy V Vserossijskoj (s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem) nauchno-prakticheskoj, metodologicheskoj konferencii dlya nauchno-pedagogicheskogo soobshchestva (Moskva 18 aprelya 2020). GBPOU «Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj obrazovatel'nyj kompleks», 2020. pp. 85−88.

2. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 17 noyabrya 2015 goda N 1239 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil vyyavleniya detej, proyavivshih vydayushchiesya sposobnosti, soprovozhdeniya i monitoringa ih dal'nejshego razvitiya» [Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of November 17, 2015 N 1239 "On approval of the Rules for identifying children who have shown outstanding abilities, support and monitoring their further development"]. URL:

3. Barhatov N. A., Revunova E. A., Undalova I. S. Distancionnye metody v obuchenii odarennyh detej [Distant methods in teaching gifted children] // Innovacionnaya ekonomika: perspektivy razvitiya i sovershenstvovaniya. 2020. № 3(45). pp. 96−101.

4. Kucher B. D. Podgotovka uchitelej k realizacii distancionnogo obucheniya v sovremennoj shkole [Teacher training for distance learning implementation in modern school] //
Srednee professional'noe obrazovanie. 2020. № 8. pp. 37−39. 

5. Prikaz Mintruda Rossii ot 18.10.2013 N 544n (red. ot 05.08.2016) «Ob utverzhdenii professional'nogo standarta «Pedagog (pedagogicheskaya deyatel'nost' v sfere doshkol'nogo, nachal'nogo obshchego, osnovnogo obshchego, srednego obshchego obrazovaniya) (vospitatel', uchitel')» [Order of the Ministry of Labor of Russia from 18.10.2013 N 544n (ed. from 05.08.2016) "On approval of the professional standard "Teacher (pedagogical activity in preschool, primary general, basic general, secondary general education) (tutor, teacher)"]. URL:

6. Revunov S. E., Barhatova O. M., Dolgova D. S. Sovremennye vozmozhnosti razvitiya odarennyh detej s pomoshch'yu IKT [Modern opportunities for the development of gifted children with the help of ICT] // Innovacionnaya ekonomika: perspektivy razvitiya i sovershenstvovaniya. 2020. № 3(45). pp. 112−117.

7. Zapalackaya V. S. Setevoe vzaimodejstvie kak mekhanizm razvitiya regional'noj sistemy raboty s odarennymi det'mi [Network interaction as a mechanism for the development of the regional system of work with gifted children] // Vestnik RMAT. 2018. № 4. pp. 62−68.

8. Regional'naya informacionnaya sistema goroda Sevastopolya [Regional information system of the city of Sevastopol]. URL:

9. Rasporyazhenie Departamenta obrazovaniya i nauki goroda Sevastopolya №4-R ot
06.04.2020 «Ob organizacii obrazovatel'noj deyatel'nosti v organizaciyah, realizuyushchih obrazovatel'nye programmy nachal'nogo obshchego, osnovnogo obshchego i srednego obshchego obrazovaniya, srednego professional'nogo i dopolnitel'nogo obrazovaniya, s ispol'zovaniem elektronnogo obucheniya i distancionnyh obrazovatel'nyh tekhnologij v usloviyah rasprostraneniya novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii na territorii goroda Sevastopolya» [Order of the Department of Education and Science of Sevastopol № 4-P of 06.04.2020 "On the organization of educational activities in organizations implementing educational programs of primary general, basic general and secondary general education, secondary vocational and additional education, using e-learning and distance learning technologies in the spread of a new coronavirus infection in the city of Sevastopol"].URL:

10. Obrazovatel'nyj centr «Sirius» [Educational center "Sirius"]. URL:





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-78-3-89-98

УДК 37.037.1:796.011.1


DENIS S. SLAVIN, Physical Education Teacher

State budgetary educational institution of Moscow School № 1524, Russian Federation, Moscow


Moscow State Univercity of Foot Production, Russian Federation, Moscow

IRINA V. KULKOVA, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor

Moscow Pedagogical State University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article deals with the improvement of the organization of the educational process in physical education in order to maintain the physical potential of the younger generation on a par with the preservation of motor activity in the conditions of the pandemic. The aim of the research is to analyze the influence of the distance form of education on the motivation and interest of high school students to the lessons of physical culture. In the course of the study the attitudes of high school students to the innovations in the field of physical education, their assessment of the possibility of implementing quality distance learning in the framework of distance education in physical education were determined. The respondents were asked 10 questions. The study was conducted in the form of a questionnaire, using the electronic system "Google Forms". Seventy people studying in secondary schools in Moscow participated in it. Respondents - high school students, different genders. The results of the study were processed using methods of statistical analysis, the information obtained was converted into bar and pie charts for a more visual presentation of the data. Particular attention is paid to the importance and necessity of distance physical education during restrictive measures. The study shows that a revision of the approach to distance learning is necessary because some students never got into a regular rhythm after restrictive measures were lifted and stopped attending classes regularly. The article concludes with practical recommendations for distance learning to increase the motivation and interest of high school students in physical education classes.

Key words: pedagogy, educational process, distance format, physical education, coronavirus, pandemic, motivation, healthy lifestyle, school, psychology, activity.


1. Borodin Yu. A. Problemy formirovaniya motivacii k zanyatiyam fizicheskoj kul'turoj i sportom u devushek starshih klassov [Problems of forming motivation to engage in physical culture and sports among high school girls] // Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoj kul'tury. 2002. № 7. pp. 79.

2. Zernov D. Yu. Optimizaciya fizicheskogo vospitaniya starsheklassnikov putem formirovaniya polozhitel'noj motivacii [Optimization of physical education of high school students by forming positive motivation]: avtoref. dis. … kand. ped. nauk : 13.00.04 / Zernov Denis Yur'evich. Almaty, 2007. 18 p.

3. Il'in E. P. Motivaciya i motivy [Motivation and motives]. SPb. : Piter, 2000. pp. 253−296.

4. Slepchenko A. L. Motivaciya kak komponent zanyatij fizicheskoj kul'turoj [Motivation as a component of physical training] // Molodoj uchenyj. 2019. № 19. pp. 388−390.

5. Stapegina T. A. Motivaciya studentov k zanyatiyam fizicheskoj kul'turoj [Motivation of students to engage in physical education] // Simvol nauki. 2017. № 02-1. pp. 172.

6. Haustov S. I. Motivaciya uchebno-fizkul'turnoj deyatel'nosti u starsheklassnikov [Motivation of educational and physical culture activity in high school students] // Teoriya i metodika fizicheskoj kul'tury. 2003. № 1. pp. 64−67.

7. Haustov S. I. Formirovanie polozhitel'noj motivacii s cel'yu povysheniya effektivnosti pedagogicheskogo processa v fizicheskom vospitanii starsheklassnikov [The formation of positive motivation to improve the effectiveness of the pedagogical process in the physical education of high school students] // Teoriya i metodika fizicheskoj kul'tury. 2006. № 2. pp. 99–103.

8. Aladinskaya I. A. Prepodavanie fizicheskoj kul'tury v usloviyah distancionnogo obucheniya [Teaching physical culture in conditions of distance learning] // Aktual'nye issledovaniya. 2020. № 16 (19). pp. 73−76. URL:

9. Vol'f N. N. Primenenie distancionnyh obrazovatel'nyh tekhnologij kak sredstvo individual'noj formy organizacii obucheniya po fizicheskoj kul'ture na uroke, vo vneurochnoe i vneuchebnoe vremya. 2020 [The use of distance learning technologies as a means of individual form of organization of training in physical education at the lesson, in extracurricular and extracurricular time. 2020]. URL:

10. Usachev N. A., Surnin D. I. Organizaciya distancionnogo obucheniya v vuzah po ciklu disciplin «Fizicheskaya kul'tura i sport» v usloviyah pandemii [The Organization of Distance Learning in High Schools on a Cycle of Disciplines "Physical Training and Sports" in
Conditions of a Pandemic] // Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P. F. Lesgafta. 2020. № 7. pp. 414–422.  

11. Eremina I. V. Stimulirovanie poznavatel'nyh motivov k obucheniyu v usloviyah primeneniya virtual'noj obrazovatel'noj sredy i distancionnyh tekhnologij [Stimulation of cognitive motives for learning in terms of virtual educational environment and distance learning technologies] // Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. 2021. № 1 (54). pp. 437−444. DOI:

12. Moroshenko E. V., Lopatina Z. F. Motivaciya k zanyatiyam fizicheskoj kul'turoj v usloviyah pandemii [Motivation to engage in physical education in a pandemic] // Pedagogika. Problemy, perspektivy, innovacii: materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (11 iyunya 2020 g., Kazan') / Otv. red. A. A. Zarajskij. Saratov : Izdatel'stvo CPM «Akademiya Biznesa», 2020. pp. 89–91.

13. Altavilla G. Relationship between physical inactivity and effects on individual health status. Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2016, 16 (Suppl. 2). pp. 1069– 1074006, N 2. pp. 99−103.

14. D'Isanto T., Manna A., Altavilla G. Health and physical activity. Sport Science. 2017. 10 (1). pp. 100−105.

15. Ripa M. D., Kozlova M. A., Kozlov A. V. Lichnost' uchitelya (prepodavatelya, trenera) kak glavnyj faktor formirovaniya motivov i interesov uchashchihsya k zanyatiyam adaptivnoj fizicheskoj kul'turoj i sportom [The personality of the teacher (teacher, coach) as the main factor in the formation of motives and interests of students to engage in adaptive physical education and sports] // Fizicheskoe vospitanie i detsko-yunosheskij sport. 2012. № 3. pp. 76−81.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-78-3-99-111

УДК 379.8:53


LARISA A. KUDRYAVCEVA, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor,

Head of Department Sergo Ordzhonikidze Russian State University for Geological Prospecting,Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. Educational work in higher education becomes one of the priority tasks of higher education according to the amendments made to the Federal Law "On Education in the Russian Federation" on the education of students" from 31.07.2020 (304-FZ). In the system of higher professional education personal education takes place both directly during all types of classes - in the process of interaction of the teacher with students, in- dividually or in a team, and during extracurricular activities, including professional ones. An understanding of the social significance of one's area of professional activity, the prospects for the development of the professional field, the history of major achievements in it, the knowledge of examples of creative biographies and discoveries is formed. It is especially important for students in the natural sciences to know the scientific national history, to form a sense of belonging to the discoveries of Russian science, to realize the need to preserve natural resources and health of the Russian Federation for the further economic development of the state. Ensuring compliance with the requirements of 304-FZ on the inclusion of educational work in the basic vocational educational programs of higher education bachelor's and specialist's levels can be realized by creating and implementing in the educational process of the working program of education, creating a calendar plan of educational work and following it, as well as changing the existing working program disciplines to include topics in accordance with the educational objectives. The possibility of implementing educational tasks within the framework of the civicpatriotic, environmental, professional-labor and professionally-oriented areas of educational work in the study of subjects of natural sciences on the example of the discipline "Physics" are considered in the work. This approach can also be applied to teaching chemistry, biology, geography, geology, etc.

Key words:  educational work, higher education, universal competences, physics.


1. Maslennikova S. F. Harakteristika ponyatiya «vospitanie» [Characteristics of the concept of "education"] // NovaInfo.Ru. 2017. № 69. pp. 157–158.

2. Vahitova G. H. Organizaciya vneuchebnoj deyatel'nosti studentov v kontekste formirovaniya ih professional'nyh pedagogicheskih kompetencij [Organization of extracurricular activities of students in the context of forming their professional pedagogical competencies] // Vestnik TGPU (TSPU Bulletin). 2012. № 11 (126). pp. 84–87.

3. Purysheva N. S., Ratbil' E. E. EGE-2021. Fizika: 10 trenirovochnyh variantov ekzamenacionnyh rabot dlya podgotovki k edinomu gosudarstvennomu ekzamenu [EGE-2021. Physics: 10 training variants of examination papers to prepare for the unified state exam]. M. : AST, 2020. 128 p.

4. Demidova M. Yu., Gribov V. A., Gigolo A. I. EGE 2020. Fizika. 14 variantov. Tipovye varianty ekzamenacionnyh zadanij [USE 2020. Physics. 14 variants. Model variants of exam tasks]. M. : Ekzamen, 2020. 183 p.

5. Otkrytyj variant KIM EGE po fizike [Open version of the USE physics KMM]. URL:!/tab/310119616-3.

6.  Gromceva O. I. EGE 2020. 100 ballov. Fizika: Samostoyatel'naya podgotovka k EGE [EGE 2020. 100 points. Physics: Independent preparation for the USE]. M. : Ekzamen, 2020. pp 383.

7. Il'in V. A., Kudryavcev V. V. Istoriya i metodologiya fiziki [History and methodology of physics: textbook for masters]: uchebnik dlya magistrov. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M. :
Yurajt, 2019. 579 p.

8. Trubachev O. O. Istoriya i metodologiya fiziki. Otkrytye videolekcii uchebnyh kursov MGU [History and methodology of physics. Open video lectures of MSU courses]. URL:

9. Kudryavcev P. S. Kurs istorii fiziki [History of Physics]: Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov ped. in-tov po fiz. spec. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. M. : Prosveshchenie, 1982. 448 p.

10. Annotacii rabochih programm OPOP «Fizicheskaya i kvantovaya elektronika» napravleniya podgotovki bakalavrov 03.03.01 Prikladnaya matematika i fizika. MFTI [Annotations of Work Programmes of Basic Programmes in Physical and Quantum Electronics of Bachelor's Degree. Programmes in 03.03.01 Applied Mathematics and Physics. MIPT]. pp. 95−109. URL:

11. Rabochaya programma discipliny «Fizika» OPOP «Radiotekhnika fizicheskih ustanovok» napravleniya podgotovki bakalavrov 14.03.02 Yadernye fizika i tekhnologii. MGTU [Working program of the discipline "Physics" of the educational program "Radio engineering of the physical systems" of the bachelor training direction 14.03.02 Nuclear Physics and Technologies. MSTU]. URL:'%20(B1-ENM).

12. Razvitie fiziki v Rossii [Development of Physics in Russia]: Ocherki / Pod red. chl.- kor. AN SSSR A. S. Predvoditeleva i prof. B. I. Spasskogo. M. : Prosveshchenie, 1970. 2 t.

13.  Orir Dzh. Fizika [Physics]: per. s angl. M. : Mir, 1981. T. 1. pp. 191.

14. Bajdasheva E. N., Savinyh V. L., Tomochkin V. N. Problema professional'nogo vospitaniya studentov vuza v sovremennyh usloviyah [Problem of Professional Education of Higher School Students in Modern Conditions] // Filosofskie nauki. 2007. № 11. pp. 143−150. 

15. Bajdasheva E. N. Professional'noe vospitanie budushchih specialistov v usloviyah vuzovskogo obrazovaniya [Professional upbringing of future specialists in the conditions of university education]: avtoref. dis. … kand. ped. nauk : 13.00.08 / Bajdasheva Elizaveta Nikolaevna. 2009. 24 p. URL:

16. Bajdasheva E. N. Lichnostno-professional'noe vospitanie studentov v vuze [Personal-professional fostering of students in university] // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya. 2006. № 1. URL:

17. Nevolina V. V., Vorob'ev V. K., Belonovskaya I. D. Aktual'nye problemy upravleniya professional'nym samorazvitiem studenta vuza [Actual problems of managing the professional self-development of the student of higher education] // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya. 2019. № 2. URL:

18. Grechuhina T. I. Professional'noe vospitanie sovremennogo specialista v vuze // Kul'tura, lichnost', obshchestvo v sovremennom mire: metodologiya. Opyt empiricheskogo issledovaniya [Professional upbringing of a modern specialist in the university]: Sb. trudov XVIII Mezhdunarodnoj konferencii pamyati prof. L. N. Kogana. Ekaterinburg : Ural'skij federal'nyj universitet imeni Pervogo Prezidenta Rossii B. N. El'cina, 2015. pp. 875−880.

19. Zyalaeva R. G. Formirovanie professional'noj otvetstvennosti za ekologicheskuyu bezopasnost' proizvodstva u budushchego specialista tekhnicheskogo profilya [The formation of professional responsibility for environmental safety of production in the future specialist of technical profile]: avtoref. dis. … kand. ped. nauk: 13.00.08 / Zyalaeva Rezida Gulyusovna. 2010. URL:

20. Lashmanova V. F. Vospitanie ekologicheskoj kul'tury u studentov klassicheskogo universiteta [Upbringing of ecological culture in students of classical university]: dis. … kand. ped. nauk: 13.00.08 / Lashmanova Valentina Fedorovna. 2006. 279 p. URL:




DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-78-3-112-124

УДК 37.01:632.95:63


MARINA V. GRIGOR'EVA, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor

SERGEY L. BELOPUHOV, Advanced Doctor in Agricultural Sciences, Professor

INNA I. DMITREVSKAYA, Advanced Doctor in Agricultural Sciences

NATALYA L. BAGNAVEC, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. Control of pesticide content in agricultural products is now an urgent need, as evidenced by statistical data on the number, types and most widely used pesticides; regulatory documents governing the circulation of pesticides in agriculture; consumer demand for high quality safe products; environmental studies. Accordingly, the agroindustrial complex needs qualified specialists capable of reliable identification of a diverse group of substances related to pesticides in various research objects. Analysis of information sources showed that there is no systematic work to develop competence in determining the content of pesticides in products and other objects of the agrosphere. However, at present this competence is based on a very voluminous content, including: knowledge of properties of a rapidly growing list of chemical substances - pesticides; knowledge of various analytical methods to determine the quantitative content of these substances in various types of agricultural raw materials, products and objects of agrosphere; ability to perform sampling, sample preparation, conducting measurements on devices, interpret the results of determination. To form students' competence in determining pesticide residues in agricultural products the following types of pedagogical conditions, which have been successfully tested at the Russian State Agrarian University MSKHA named after K.A. Timiryazev, have been identified: motivational-valuable, cognitive, activity, logistical.

Key words:  pesticide residue control, master's training, quality control of crop production.


1. Maksimal'nye dopustimye urovni soderzhaniya agrohimikatov v zernovyh i bobovyh kul'turah. Sajt Rossel'hoznadzora [Maximum permissible levels of agrochemicals in grain and legume crops. Website of Rosselkhoznadzor]. URL:

2. Sokolov O. A., Chernikov V. A. Ocenka vozdejstviya udobrenij, pesticidov i meliorantov na okruzhayushchuyu sredu [Assessing the impact of fertilizers, pesticides and ameliorants on the environment] // Seriya Ekologicheskoe znanie: Vyp. 7 / RGAU−MSKHA im. K. A. Timiryazeva. M. : Sam Poligrafist, (Tempus Programme of the European Union): 2015. 118 p.

3. Isra Mahmood, Sameen Ruqia Imadi, Kanwal Shazadi, Alvina Gul and Khalid Rehman Hakeem Effects of Pesticides on Environment. URL:

4. By Mariana Furio Franco Bernardes, Murilo Pazin, Lilian Cristina Pereira and Daniel Junqueira Dorta Impact of Pesticides on Environmental and Human Health. URL:

5. De Gruyter Potential Impact of Pesticides on Environment and Human Health. Published online: August 6, 2018. URL:

6.  Grigor'eva M. V., Belopuhov S. L. Magisterskaya programma «Agroekologicheskij menedzhment, himiko-toksikologicheskij i mikrobiologicheskij analiz ob"ektov agrosfery»: formirovanie, stanovlenie, razvitie [Master's program "Agroecological management, chemical and toxicological and microbiological analysis of agrosphere objects": formation, formation, development] // Sovremennoe sostoyanie i prioritetnye napravleniya razvitiya agrarnoj ekonomiki i obrazovaniya: Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. pos. Persianovskij, 2020. pp. 26−30.

7. Grigor'eva M. V., Belopuhov S. L. Himicheskie discipliny v sisteme «Bakalavriat − magistratura − aspirantura agrarnogo vuza» [Chemical disciplines in the system "BachelorsMasters-Postgraduate Studies of Agrarian University"] // Istoriya i pedagogika estestvoznaniya. 2020. № 2. pp. 5−8.

8.  Hushbahtov A. H. Terminologiya «pedagogicheskie usloviya» [Terminology of "pedagogical conditions"] // Molodoj uchenyj. 2015. № 23 (103). pp. 1020−1022. URL:

9.  Sostoyanie zagryazneniya pesticidami ob"ektov prirodnoj sredy Rossijskoj Federacii
v 2018 godu [State of pesticide pollution of natural environment objects of the Russian Federation in 2018] / Ezhegodnik. URL:

10. Gigienicheskie trebovaniya k bezopasnosti agrohimikatov [Hygienic recommendations on the study of the quality of food treated with pesticides]. URL:

11. Gigienicheskie rekomendacii po izucheniyu kachestva pishchevyh produktov, obrabotannyh pesticidami [Hygienic recommendations on the study of the quality of food treated with pesticides]. URL:

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