Elshin L. A., Sharapov A. R., Abdukaeva A. A.

Cluster analysis of the sensitivity of national economy sectors to the integration of blockchain technologies into the economic environment


Peshkova E. P., Ustinchenko O. A., Kravchenko O. R.

Forecasting financial state of an economic entity


Pashkov P. A., Gorlov V. V.  

Organization of contract service activities: rationing of working hours


Lavrikova N. I.

Impact of technological innovations on the development of economic systems


Pirogova O. E., Babarin B. А. 

Prediction of the impact of commercial real estate vacance level on the rental rates in Saint-Petersburg


Enkina E. V., Birykova T. V., Ashmarina T. I. 

Food inflation in russia and its impact on agricultural development


Zamanov A. 

Impact in the perspective of the Sharur industrial zone on socio-economic development the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic


Golubov I. I. 

Prerequisites for effective functioning of the quail farm in the poultry market


Gadzhieva L. E. 

Functions and models of the mechanism of economic regulation оf viticulture and winemaking


Bugaev M. V. 

Unexpected interest rate changes and its influence on commodity prices


Ovchinnikov Y. D., Lyzar O. G., Tapunov Y. N. 

Management of the design of sports and recreation services for the elderly


Pirogova O. E., Kirillova D. A.  

Online education in Russia: state and development trends


Xie Chenfei  

Analysis of the development of ASEAN economies under the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic







Ginne S. V. 

About the educational process in a technical university in the context of the formation of professional  competencies of the future bachelor


Gryazneva S. A., Nazarova L. I. 

Traditional and innovative approaches to the organization of practical training of students


Zakiryanova I. A. 

Ethnocultural identity as a psychological and pedagogical phenomenon   in the system of higher military education


Bahchiev A. A., Kosyrev V. P. 

Normativity in the system of education of conscious discipline of children and adolescents


Ovchinnikov Y. D., Lukyanenko O. V., Mednikov A. B. 

Consideration of the OSMS of the shooting athlete depending on the load to be overcome
















DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-7-18

УДК 338:004.622


LEONID A. ELSHIN, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Professor, Director of the Center for Strategic Assessments and Forecasts, Deputy Director for Science

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Respublika Tatarstan, Kazan Сenter for Advanced Economic Research of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan, Republic of Tatarstan, Kazan

Kazan National Research Technological University, Respublika Tatarstan, Kazan


AZAT R. SHARAPOV, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Professor, Vice-Rector for Economics

Volga Region State University of Physical Culture, Sport and Tourism, Respublika Tatarstan, Kazan


ALIYA A. ABDUKAEVA, Senior Research Officer, Leading Researcher, Assistant Professor

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Respublika Tatarstan, Kazan

Сenter for Advanced Economic Research of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan, Republic of Tatarstan, Kazan





Abstract. Digitalization of the socio-economic environment significantly transforms the traditional spheres of economic activity. Digital television has replaced analog television; fiat payments are being replaced by electronic ones; data exchange and  management models based on them have moved to an electronic document management system, etc. Blockchain technologies can also significantly change the established processes and business models of economic entities, as well as the financial  sphere, continuing to develop the FinTech paradigm. This argument is reinforced by  the observed rate of penetration of blockchain technologies into the economic environment of many developed and developing countries. These processes, which are  gaining momentum every year on an exponential basis, indicate the need to develop methods and algorithms for formalized assessment of the impact of the technologies under consideration on the key parameters of socio-economic dynamics. Meanwhile, if in the scientific and expert space, although extremely rare, but still you can find works devoted to certain aspects of this scientific and methodological problem, then, unfortunately, it should be stated that the study of the impact of the technologies under study on certain sectors of the economy is not found in the information and  analytical and scientific spaces at all. This study is an attempt to strengthen the po- sition of formalized approaches to the study of the scientific and practical problem.  The paper proposes an algorithm for studying the impact of blockchain technologies on the dynamics of individual sectors of the national economy, followed by their clustering on the principle of responding to the possible increase in gross value added in the framework of the transformation of institutional factors of management.

Key words: blockchain technologies, types of economic activities, cointegration modeling, scenario analysis, cluster analysis.



1. Pekhtereva E. A. Perspektivy ispol'zovaniya tekhnologii blokchejn i kriptovalyuty v Rossii  [Prospects for the use of blockchain technology and cryptocurrency in Russia] // Ekonomicheskie i so- cial'nye problemy Rossii. 2018. No 1 (37). pp. 71−95.

2. Nurmuhametov R. K., Stepanov P. D., Novikova T. R. Tekhnologiya blokchejn i ee primenenie v torgovom finansirovanii [Blockchain technology and its application in trade finance] // Fi- nansovaya analitika: problemy i resheniya. 2018. T. 11. No 2 (344). pp. 179−190.

3. Konopleva Yu. A., Kiseleva B. N., Cheremnyh C. E. Blokchejn kak novyj etap razvitiya ekonomiki Rossii [Blockchain as a new stage of development of economy of Russia] // Ekonomika i upravlenie: problemy, resheniya. 2018. T. 5. No 4. pp. 136−140.

4. Vranken H. Sustainability of bitcoin and blockchains. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 2017. Vol. 28, pp. 1−9.

5. Kim K. J, Hong S. P. Study on Rulebased Data Protection System Using Blockchain in P2P Distributed Networks. International Journal of Security and its Application. 2016. Vol. 10, No. 11, pp. 201−210.

6. Bariviera A. F., Basgall M. J., Hasperué W., Naiouf M. 2017. Some stylized facts of the Bitcoin market. Physica A 484, 82–90.

7. Cocco L., Concas G., Marchesi M. Using an artificial financial market for studying a cryp- tocurrency market // Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination. 2017. Vol. 12, Is. 2. pp.  345−365.

8. Pieters G., Vivanco S. Financial regulations and price inconsistencies across Bitcoin markets // Information Economics and Policy. 2017. Vol. 39. pp. 1−14.

9. Federal'naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoj statistiki Rossijskoj Federacii [Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation]. URL:

10. Safiullin M. R., Abdukaeva A. A., El'shin L. A., Savushkin M. V. Formalizovannaya ocenka scenarnogo razvitiya nacional'noj ekonomiki v usloviyah proniknoveniya blokchejn tekhnologij v finansovyj sektor [Formalized assessment of the scenario development of the national economy in terms of blockchain technology penetration in the financial sector] // Vestnik universiteta. 2020. No 7. pp. 154−162.

11. Safiullin M. R., Burganov R. T., El'shin L. A., Abdukaeva A. A. Empiricheskaya ocenka vliyaniya blokchejn tekhnologij na effektivnost' razvitiya bankovskoj sistemy [Empirical assessment of  the impact of blockchain technologies on the efficiency of the banking system development] // Teoret- icheskaya i prikladnaya ekonomika. 2020. No 3. pp. 105−116.

12. Faktory ustojchivogo razvitiya regionov Rossii [Factors of sustainable development of Rus- sian regions]: monografiya / N. G. Borisova, M. F. Grigor'ev, L. Yu. Dragileva, L. A. El'shin i dr. No- vosibirsk, 2015.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-19-28

УДК 338.24.01


ELENA P. PESHKOVA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Professor

OLGA A. USTINCHENKO, Master’s Degree

OLEG R. KRAVCHENKO, Master’s Degree

The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, South-Russian Institute of Management, branch, Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don


Abstract. Forecasting the financial condition of an enterprise is a tool for eliminat- ing the uncertainty arising from the adoption of management decisions regarding  the mobilization and allocation of financial resources; allows you to substantiate the  feasibility of financing and increase the level of efficiency of enterprise asset management; makes it possible to show the ability of the enterprise to continuously function in the future. Issues of forecasting the financial condition of economic entities  in modern conditions are considered. This issue is relevant in connection with the  threats that cause a possible decrease in the financial stability of domestic enterprises in a pandemic. In this regard, task was set in the article to propose a methodological toolkit for forecasting the financial condition. To solve this problem, directions of forecasting financial condition were determined for purpose of its subsequent modeling. Content of substantiated recommendations for development of adequate forecasting models consists in observing the described sequence of their construction, taking into account which particular areas of forecasting the financial  condition of an enterprise are considered.

Key words: financial condition, forecasting, integral assessment, factors of influence, modeling.



1. Danich V. N., Parhomenko N. A. Finansovoe prognozirovanie kak sposob obespecheniya ustojchivosti predpriyatiya [Financial forecasting as a way to ensure the stability of the enterprise]. URL:

2. Kremer N. Sh. Ekonometrika [Econometrics]: uchebnik i praktikum dlya akademicheskogo bakalavriata / Pod redakciej N. Sh. Kremera. 4-e izd., ispr. i dop. M. : Yurajt, 2019. 308 р.

3. Kyurdzhiev S. P., Mambetova A. A., Peshkova E. P. Integral'naya ocenka finansovogo sostoyaniya predpriyatij regiona [Integral assessment of the financial state of the region's enterprises] // Ekonomika regiona. 2016. T. 12. No 2. рр. 586−601.

4. Averina O. I., Mamaeva I. S. Analiz i ocenka finansovoj ustojchivosti [Analysis and evalu- ation of financial stability]: monografiya / Krasnodarskij gosudarstvennyj universitet. M. : Nauchnaya  biblioteka, 2018. 204 р.

5. Aleksandrov O. A. Ekonomicheskij analiz [Economic analysis]: uchebnoe posobie. M. : NIC INFRA-M, 2019. 179 р.

6. Askerov P. F. Analiz i diagnostika finansovo-hozyajstvennoj deyatel'nosti organizacii [Anal- ysis and diagnostics of financial and economic activity of an organization] / Pod obshch. red. P. F. Ask- erova. M. : NIC INFRA-M, 2018. 176 р.

7. Burykin A. D., Yurchenko A. V. Optimizaciya mekhanizma finansirovaniya deyatel'nosti predpriyatiya [Optimization of the mechanism of enterprise activity financing] // Vestnik Moskovskogo finansovo-yuridicheskogo universiteta. 2017. No 2. рр. 9−18.

8. Varnakova G. V. Diagnostika finansovogo sostoyaniya predpriyatiya kak osnovnoj faktor finansovoj bezopasnosti [Diagnostics of the financial condition of the enterprise as the main factor of financial security] // Regional'nye problemy preobrazovaniya ekonomiki. 2019. No 1(99). рр. 103−109.

9. Laenko O. A. Metody finansovogo planirovaniya i prognozirovaniya na predpriyatiyah [Methods of Financial Planning and Forecasting at the Enterprises] // Vestnik Prikamskogo social'nogo instituta. 2016. No 2 (74). рр. 52−55.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-29-42

УДК 330.341.42:355.213


PAVEL A. PASHKOV, Postgraduate

VIKTOR V. GORLOV, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Professor

National University of Oil and Gas “Gubkin University”, Russian Federation, Moscow

Metropolitan Covernance University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The question of rationing the working hours of procurement activities in the recent history of Russia is open. Special attention should be paid to the time spent by the customer related to the organization of claim work. Given the fact that the  share of purchases in the state segment is huge, and a large number of labor re- sources are involved in it, detailed study and solution of this issue are of particular  importance. A regularity is fixed: the higher the contract price, the greater the sup- plier's responsibility in monetary terms. It has been established that the customer,  when forming the lot, must take into account that the maximum liability of the sup- plier in monetary terms is provided in the range of the contract price from 3 million  to 50 million rubles. It was revealed that the basis for filing a claim is a violation by the counterparty of the obligations provided for by law. The claim work must ensure the interests of the organization. Clarified concepts: claim; claim. A representative  statistical analysis was carried out. The experts fixed the time limits for the perfor- mance of official actions by employees during the working day and summarized the  results in the form of a reporting table. It is recommended to use the network plan- ning method to optimize costs. The network schedule is an information model, the  use of which allows you to plan and control the implementation of various types of work. It was established that the costs in monetary terms, directed to claim work, should not exceed the imposed fine or accrued penalties. Otherwise, it leads to direct losses to the organization.

Key words: contract system, intelligent contract system, labor rationing, organiza- tion of work, time spent, working time composition, labor cost optimization.



1. Federal'nyj zakon «O kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlya obespech- eniya gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd» ot 05.04.2013 N 44-FZ [Federal Law "About contract sys- tem in the sphere of procurement of goods, works and services for state and municipal needs" from  05.04.2013 No 44-FZ]. URL:

2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.11.1995 N 51-FZ [Civil Code of the Russian Fed- eration dated 30.11.1995 No 51-FZ]. URL:

3. Trudovoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 N 197-FZ (red. ot 09.11.2020) [Labour  Code of the Russian Federation of 30.12.2001 No. 197-FZ (ed. of 09.11.2020)]. URL:

4. Prikaz Ministerstva truda i social'noj zashchity RF ot 10 sentyabrya 2015 g. N 625n «Ob utverzhdenii professional'nogo standarta «Specialist v sfere zakupok» [Order of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of RF dated September 10, 2015 No. 625n "On Approval of Professional Standard "Specialist in Procurement"]. URL:

5. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Moskvy ot 19 iyulya 2019 goda N 899-PP «O sisteme zakupok  goroda Moskvy» [Decree of the Government of Moscow dated July 19, 2019 No 899-PP "On Procure- ment System of the City of Moscow"]. URL:

6. Araslanova O. G. Normirovanie v organizacii, kontraktnoj sisteme kak osnovopolagayush- chij faktor ustojchivogo razvitiya [Normalization in organization, contract system as the fundamental  factor of sustainable development] / V Sb.: Ustojchivoe razvitie social'no-ekonomicheskih sistem: nauka i praktika: Materialy III mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii / pod red. Yu. S. Rudenko, L. G. Rudenko. M. , 2016. рр. 83−89.

7. Gel'fanova D. D., Suhtaeva A. M. Prinyatie upravlencheskih reshenij s pomoshch'yu metoda setevogo planirovaniya [Management decision making with the help of network planning method] / V Sb.: Sovremennyj menedzhment i upravlenie: tendencii i perspektivy razvitiya: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov / Pod obsh. red. M. N. Stefanenko. 2019. рр. 171−176.

8. Gladilina I. P., Mel'nikova A. V., Molokanova A. O. Kompetentnostnyj podhod v razvitii  professionalizma zakazchikov kak osnova povysheniya kachestva upravleniya zakupkami [The compe- tence approach in the development of professionalism of customers as a basis for improving the quality  of procurement management]: monografiya. M. : Rusajns, 2019. 80 р.

9. Shchekoldin V. A., Bogatyreva I. V., Ilyuhina L. A. Upravlenie normirovaniem truda kak faktor povysheniya proizvoditel'nosti truda [Manage labor rationing as a factor in increasing labor productivity] // Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo ekonomicheskogo universiteta. 2019. No 6 (176). рр. 34−43.

10. Usimov A. V. Metody setevogo planirovaniya i upravleniya v usloviyah neopredelennoj vneshnej sredy [Methods of Network Planning and Management in Conditions of Uncertain External Environment]: dis. ... kand. ekon. nauk : 08.00.05 / Usimov Aleksej Vladimirovich. M. , 2003. 176 р.

11. Knutov A. V. Upravlenie gosudarstvennymi i municipal'nymi zakupkami i kontraktami  [Management of State and Municipal Procurement and Contracts]: Uchebnik i praktikum dlya bakalav- riata i magistratury. M. : Yurajt, 2019. 316 р.

12. Ivanova V. I. Razvitie kadrovyh aut-tekhnologij [Development of personnel out-technologies] // Upravlencheskoe konsul'tirovanie». 2008. No 2. рр. 162−176.

13. Lyasnikov N. V., Kohno P. A., Kohno A. P. Korporativnaya ekonomika gosudarstvennyh zakazov [Corporate Economics of Government Orders]: monografiya. M. : Rusajns, 2020. 255 р.

14. Gorlov V. V., Surat I. L. Upravlenie sluzhboj buhgalterskogo ucheta v organizacii [Man- agement of the accounting service in the organization]: мonografiya. 3-e izdanie. M. : Izdatel'sko-tor- govaya korporaciya «Dashkov i K», 2021. 171 р.

15. Gladilina I. P., Deminskaya T. V., Abdalova T. Yu. Riski zakazchikov v processe uprav- leniya zakupkami [Risks of customers in the process of procurement management]: monografiya. M. :  Rusajns, 2019. 125 р.

16. Rakitina L. N., Markin A. V. Pretenzionnoe proizvodstvo: ponyatie, sushchnost', znachenie [Claims proceedings: concept, essence, value] // Yurist. 2015. No 5. рp. 17.

17. Suvorov D. A. Pretenzionnyj i inoj dosudebnyj poryadok v sisteme al'ternativnyh form  rassmotreniya spora [The claim and other pre-trial procedure in the system of alternative forms of dis- pute resolution] // Yuridicheskij mir. 2016. No 7. рp. 7.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-43-51

УДК 338.001.36:001.895


NATALIA I. LAVRIKOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences

The Academy of the Federal Guard Service of the Russian Federation, Russian Federation, Orel



Abstract. In the carried out research basic notions of economic system are specified, and on the basis of systematization of a set of scientific approaches triggering and adaptive mechanisms of its development are revealed, the methodology of research  of organizational-economic development of innovative economic systems in conditions of formation of innovative economy is developed. The article considers technological innovations such as the Internet of Things and information technology that  allow the economy: to move from mass production and the provision of unified services to individually oriented goods and services; to effectively use existing re- sources and assets, as well as provide an opportunity for artificial intelligence to  replace the labor that was traditionally performed by humans. The main regularities of interaction of organizational-economic and technological transformations and their influence on the readiness of economic entities to innovations were revealed.  The conditions under which Society 5.0 will be realized and the development of economic systems in terms of increasing work styles that are not bound by time or space,  which will allow people to choose where and when to work, that is to choose their own way of life, have been investigated. The paper proves that in cooperation with technological innovations such as artificial intelligence and robotics, people can develop their abilities and realize their individual work styles, and shifting the focus  from time-based to results-based evaluation will eliminate unprofitable long work- ing hours.

Key words: echnological innovations, economic systems, artificial intelligence, So- ciety 5.0, economic systems, Internet of things.



1. Egorova M. S. Tekhnologicheskie innovacii, kak osnova izmeneniya tekhnologicheskoj struktury ekonomiki [Technological innovations as the basis for changing the technological structure of the economy] // Upravlenie ekonomicheskimi sistemami: elektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2013. No 10 (58). р. 35.

2. Zinurova R. I., Tuzikov A. R. Kul'tivirovanie innovacij i stanovlenie novogo tekhnologicheskogo uklada [Cultivation of innovations and the formation of a new technological way of life] //  Vestnik Kazanskogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta. 2014. T. 17. No 16. рр. 273−275.

3. Lavrikova N. I. Instrumentarij razrabotki i realizacii adresnoj gosudarstvennoj ekonomich- eskoj politiki v social'noj sfere [Toolkit for the Development and Implementation of the Targeted State  Economic Policy in the Social Sphere]: avtoref. ... dis. kand. ekon. nauk : 08.00.05 / Lavrikova Nataliya Igorevna / Yugo-Zap. gos. un-t. Kursk, 2016. 26 р.

4. Kuzina G. V. Nacional'naya nauchno-tekhnologicheskaya iniciativa kak odin iz sposobov razvitiya innovacij v Rossii [National Science and Technology Initiative as one of the ways to develop  innovations in Russia] / V sb.: Nauka i obrazovanie v zhizni sovremennogo obshchestva: Sbornik nauch- nyh trudov po materialam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: v 12 chastyah. 2015.  рр. 94−96.

5. Trud i zanyatost' v Rossii. 2019 [Labour and employment in Russia. 2019]: Stat. sb. / Rosstat. M. , 2019. 135 c.

6. Mokeeva T. V. Nauchno-tekhnologicheskie innovacii kak faktor formirovaniya integriro- vannyh struktur v sisteme tekhnologicheskih ukladov [Scientific and technological innovations as a fac- tor in the formation of integrated structures in the system of technological modes] // Finansovaya ekonomika. 2018. No 6. рр. 1581−1587.

7. Starikova M. S. Klasternoe razvitie i tekhnologicheskie innovacii [Cluster development and technological innovations] // Ekonomika i socium. 2014. No 2-4 (11). рр. 368−374.

8. Filippova O. V. Tekhnologicheskie innovacii − osnova budushchej ekonomiki Rossii [Tech- nological innovations - the basis for Russia's future economy] // Gazovaya promyshlennost'. 2015. No 2  (718). рр. 10−12.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-52-62

УДК 339.138:69:658.53


OKSANA E. PIROGOVA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

BOGDAN А. BABARIN, Master’s Degree

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Institute of Industrial Engineering and Management, Economics, and Trade, Higher School of Service and Trade, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg



Abstract. Under the conditions of unstable economic situation in Russia and in the world, caused by the pandemic coronavirus, unstable dynamics of oil prices − the  main export commodity of the country, exchange rate of national currency, forecasting of dynamics of development of commercial real estate segments becomes urgent.  In the given article the questions connected with the influence of vacancy level of the  qualitative commercial real estate (office, trading, warehouse real estate) are considered. The factors that influence the dynamics of price indicators of commercial  premises have been singled out by the authors. The purpose of the research is to  study the influence of different factors (vacancy level) on the price indicators of commercial real estate market in Petersburg and forecasting of the dynamics of its development. The tasks of the research: to conduct the analysis of office, trading and  warehouse real estate of the city, to study the degree of vacancy rate indicator influence on the market conditions; − to build the forecast of market development dynamics with regard of vacancy rate dynamics influence; − to reveal market trends  in conditions of unstable economic situation. The research was conducted with the use of the following methods: description, comparison, analogy and generalization, correlation and regression analysis and modeling. The result of the research is the  forecast of the dynamics of the commercial real estate market of St. Petersburg, taking into account the influence of its vacancy level.

Key words: pandemic, commercial real estate, office, shopping center, warehouse, vacancy level, rental rate.



1. Analiticheskie otchety Colliers International [Colliers International Analytical Reports]. URL:

2. Analiticheskie otchety Jones Lang Lasalle [Analytical reports of Jones Lang Lasalle]. URL:

3. Analitika i obzor rynka kommercheskoj nedvizhimosti [Analytics and review of commercial real estate market]. URL:

4. Baraz V. R. Korrelyacionno-regressionnyj analiz svyazi pokazatelej kommercheskoj  deyatel'nosti s ispol'zovaniem programmy Excel [Correlation-regression analysis of relations of commer- cial activity indicators with the use of Excel program]: uchebnoe posobie. Ekaterinburg: GOU VPO  «UGTU–UPI», 2005. 102 p.

5. Babarin B. A., Pirogova O. E. Analiz vliyaniya e-commerce na stavku arendy skladskoj nedvizhimosti v Rossii [Analysis of e-commerce impact on rental rate of warehouse real estate in Russia]  // Upravlenie social'no-ekonomicheskim razvitiem regionov: problemy i puti ih resheniya. Kursk : Fi- nansovyj universitet pri Pravitel'stve RF: Kurskij filial, 2020. pp. 36−42.

6. Internet-torgovlya v Rossii (2016−2024) [Internet-trade in Russia (2016-2024)]. URL:

7. Pirogova O. E., Kuznecova S. N. Apart-oteli: osobennosti, preimushchestva i perspektivy [Apart-hotels: features, advantages and prospects] // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2020. No 1. C. 24−29.

8. Rynok kommercheskoj nedvizhimosti Sankt-Peterburga po itogam tret'ego kvartala 2019 goda: gostinichnaya nedvizhimost' [Commercial real estate market of St. Petersburg in the third quarter of 2019: hotel real estate]. URL:

9. Obzor rynka kovorkingov Sankt-Peterburga po itogam 4 kvartala 2018 goda [Review of St.-  Petersburg co-working market at the end of Q4 2018]. URL: 69744_1.pdf.

10. Pirogova O. E., Rudakova A. N. Issledovanie napravlenij sovershenstvovaniya deyatel'nosti predpriyatiya gostinichnogo biznesa [The study of directions of improving the activities of the hotel business] // Nauka i biznes: puti razvitiya. 2018. No 3 (81). pp. 48−54.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-63-70

УДК 336.748.12(470)


EKATERINA V. ENKINA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

TATYANA V. BIRYKOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

TATYANA I. ASHMARINA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The aim of the research is to study the influence of price growth rate on the economic condition of agricultural producers. According to economic laws, the allowable level of price growth is within 5 % per year. The official inflation in 2019 and 2020 was fixed at 3.0 and 4.9 % respectively, but the economic condition of Russian agricultural producers continued to deteriorate. It is worth noting that the financial situation of any business entity depends on two prices − the prices of the sale of its finished products and the prices of the acquisition of means of production. In this regard, the article provides a detailed analysis of the growth rate of consumer  goods prices and reveals the shares of agricultural producers and the sphere of circulation in the price structure, as well as studies the price indices of industrial group  goods purchased by farmers for the production process. The revealed interrelation of inflation indicators and the state of agricultural producers has shown the negative impact of price growth on the development of agriculture in Russia. The article also identified the main problems of domestic agrarians influencing the growth of prices  for agricultural products, overcoming which Russian producers and buyers will receive high quality goods at affordable prices, focused on the latest quality standards.

Key words: inflation, consumer price index, import, agriculture, agricultural products, import substitution.



1. Enkina E. V. Osobennosti formirovaniya sprosa i predlozheniya na rynke moloka i molochnoj produkcii [Features of demand and supply formation in the market of milk and dairy products]  // Sovremennye napravleniya v agroekonomicheskoj nauke Timiryazevki. Nauchnoe izdanie. M. : Rosinformagrotekh, 2017. рр. 76−81.

2. Ashmarina T. I., Biryukova T. V. Ekonomika i marketing v pererabatyvayushchej promyshlennosti [Economics and marketing in the processing industry]: Praktikum. M. : ООО «Megapolis»,  2020. 47 р.

3. Biryukova T. V. Problemy i perspektivy razvitiya svinovodstva v stranah ES [Problems and  prospects of development of pig breeding in EU countries]. M. : RGAU−MSKHA imeni K. A. Timiryazeva, 2015. 186 р.

4. Papcov A. G. Sovremennye tendencii v ekonomike svinovodstva v Danii [Modern trends in the economics of pig breeding in Denmark] // Ekonomika sel'skohozyajstvennyh i pererabatyvayushchih predpriyatij. 2012. No 11. рр. 64−67.

5. Rahaeva V. V. Cifrovizaciya sel'skohozyajstvennoj deyatel'nosti i bezopasnost' produktov pitaniya [Digitalization of agricultural activities and food safety] // Ekonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii. 2020. No 7. рр. 18−23.

6. Chutcheva Yu. V. Vektor razvitiya agrarnoj ekonomiki posle pandemii [Vector of development of agrarian economy after the pandemic] / Sovremennaya ekonomika: aktual'nye problemy,  zadachi i traektorii razvitiya (materialy Vserossijskoj (nacional'noj) nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, g. Kursk, 10 iyunya 2020 g.). Kursk : Izd-vo Kursk. gos. s.-h. ak., 2020. рр. 185−190.

7. Enkina E. V. Sostoyanie rynochnoj kon"yunktury v kartofel'nom proizvodstve [The state of the market conjuncture in potato production] // Ekonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii. 2019. No 3. рр. 54−58.

8. Surkova N. V. Marketing v agropromyshlennom komplekse [Marketing in agroindustrial complex]: uchebnik i praktikum / N. V. Surkova [i dr.], pod red. N. V. Surkovoj. M. : Yurajt, 2019. 314 р.

9. Besshaposhnyj M. N., Enkina E. V. Teoriya otraslevyh rynkov [Theory of industrial markets]: Praktikum / RGAU−MSKHA imeni K. A. Timiryazeva. M. : Rosinformagrotekh, 2017. 130 р.

10. Ashmarina T. I. Agrarnaya politika [Agrarian policy]: uchebnoe posobie. Melitopol': Izdatel'skij dom Melitopol'skoj gorodskoj tipografii, 2019. 320 р.






DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-71-80

УДК 338(4/9):366.42



Nakhchivan State University, Azerbaijan, Baku



Abstract. The main purpose of the research work is to investigate the provision of long-term socio-economic development, taking into account the place and role of  targeted programs provided for implementation in the Sharur industrial zone cre- ated in the Nakhchivan economic region, as well as the prospects of using Sharur  industrial zone to stimulate competitive production and implementation of innova- tive activities. In this article the main direction of our study is to determine the cre- ation of fertile conditions for production of competitive and exportable products in  Sharur industrial zone on the basis of innovative and high technology, long-term support for small and medium enterprises, as well as the implementation of complex measures towards increasing production capacity and creating new enterprises by introducing modern technology, including the determination of ways to increase production. One of the main goals of the research is to study the present situation of the geography of exported products and its delivery to European and Asian markets in the future as a result of joining Nakhchivan railway to international railway line.

Key words: Turkey, Nakhchivan, railway, Euro-Asian market, non-oil sector, Sharur industrial zone, agrarian sector, production.



1. IAliev I., Soltanly I. Problemy obespecheniya konkurentosposobnosti v processe modernizacii agrarnogo sektora [Problems of ensuring competitiveness in the process of modernisation of the agrarian sector]. Baku, 2015, 221 p.

2. ARA. URL:

3. Postanovlenie Prezidenta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 6 dekabrya 2016 goda za No 1138 «Strategicheskaya Putevaya Karta po perspektive nacional'noj ekonomiki Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki» [Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan No. 1138 dated December 6, 2016 "Strategic Roadmap for the perspective of the national economy of the Republic of Azerbaijan"]. URL:

4. Informacionnoe agentstvo «Nuhchihan» [Nukhchihan Information Agency]. URL:, ucun-tarixi-addim-yeni-qaz-ve-tranzit-demir-yolu-xetleri.

5. Ministerstvo inostrannyh del Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki [Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan]. URL:





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-81-88

УДК 631.14:636.5082.003.13


IVAN I. GOLUBOV, Advanced Doctor in Economics Sciences,

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow 



Abstract. The research to reveal and assess some peculiarities of the quail breeding at JSC "Uglichskaya poultry farm" has been carried out, the implementation of  which allows to ensure the effective functioning of the enterprise on the poultry products market. Based on the use of data from statistics and accounting and reporting,  using methods of mathematical modeling calculated the production, economic, social and market effects of their use. Thus, due to the construction by own efforts and  modification of cage equipment for poultry the productivity increased by 3 times; the use of new generation fodder increased by 30...40 %. The revenues from the sale of innovative foodstuffs, confirmed by patents for inventions, increased by 15...20 %, the market index − by 2.5 points. The most significant socio-economic factors of poultry farm development, affecting the functioning of the domestic market of poultry products have been identified. The increase in entrepreneurial activity of the poultry farm in the market of quail breeding presupposes the deepening of the marketing activity development. The level of social activity of the poultry farm is increasing annually. Much work is done to organize non-waste production of quail breeding products, necessary in pharmaceutics, cosmetology, cookery, fodder production).  The prospects for further development of poultry farming are revealed. Many provisions of efficient development can be used in practice by all poultry farms of the  country.

Key words: economy, quail farming, factors of effective development, patents, innovations, investments, potential.



1. Golubov I. I., Krasnoyarcev G. V. Razvivat' otechestvennoe perepelovodstvo [Develop domestic quail breeding] // Ptica i pticeprodukty. 2012. No 5. pp. 27–29.

2. Pizengol'c V. M. Problemy prodovol'stvennoj i ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Rossii: teoriya,  metodologiya, praktika [Problems of food and economic security of Russia: theory, methodology, practice]. Ch. I. Prodovol'stvennaya bezopasnost': Monografiya. M. : RID RosNOU, 2019. 252 p.

3. Fisinin V. I. Mirovoe i rossijskoe pticevodstvo: realii i vyzovy budushchego [World and Russian poultry farming: realities and challenges of the future]: Monografiya. M. : Hlebprodinform, 2019.  470 p.

4. Razvitie pticevodstva v Rossijskoj Federacii do 2020 goda. Koncepciya [Development of poultry farming in the Russian Federation until 2020. Concept]. M. , 2018. 26 p.

5. Golubov I. I. Promyshlennoe perepelovodstvo [Industrial quail farming]. Nauchno-proizvod- stvennoe izdanie. M. : Lika, 2014. 350 p.

6. Bobyleva G. A., Gushchin V. V. Itogi raboty i zadachi pticevodcheskoj otrasli za 2018 i zadachi na budushchee [Results of work and tasks of the poultry industry in 2018 and tasks for the future] // Pticevodstvo. 2019. No 1. pp. 7–9.

7. Pigareva M. D., Afanas'ev G. D. Perepelovodstvo [Quail farming]. M. : Rosagropromizdat, 1989. 101 p.

8. Golubov I. I. Effektivnost' innovacionnoj deyatel'nosti v otechestvennom pticevodstve [Effectiveness of innovation in domestic poultry farming]. M. : RGAU−MSKHA, 2013. 345 p.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-89-98

УДК 631.15:634.8


LEYLA E. HAJIYEVA, Postgraduate

Center for Agricultural Research of the Ministry of Agriculture, Azerbaijan, Baku



Abstract. Economic regulation plays an active role in the overall system of regulation of viticulture and winemaking. This situation manifests itself primarily in the  characteristics of the functional structure of the means of economic regulation. As in all other systems, the functions of economic instruments in regulating viticulture  and winemaking are deterministic for their respective purposes. Given that the development goals of the industry are determined according to the specific period and  conditions in each country, there is a need to formulate the above functions for scientific analysis in general. From this point of view, based on the analysis of the place  and role of economic regulation, it is possible to distinguish its auxiliary, stimulating and regulating functions.

Key words: viticulture and winemaking complex, economic regulation, regulatory models, regulatory functions, import regulation.



1. Lissitsa A., Lukа O., Gagalyuk T., Kvasha S. Edinaya agrarnaya politika Evropejskogo  Soyuza – put' stanovleniya i principy funkcionirovaiya [The Common Agricultural Policy of the Euro- pean Union − the way forward and the principles of operation] // Diskusionpeper. 2006. No 92. 58 p.

2. Rajzberg B. A. Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie ekonomicheskimi i social'nymi processami [State management of economic and social processes]. M., 2006. 34 p.

3. Prezident Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki Il'ham Aliev [President of Republic of Azerbaijan Il- ham Aliyev]. URL:

4. Magomedov R. M. O neobhodimosti gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya vinogradovinodel'cheskogo podkompleksa [On the necessity of state regulation of grape and dairy subcomplex] //  Problemy i perspektivy razvitiya sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii. 2008. pp. 25–28. URL:

5. Zolotorev A. N. Gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie i podderzhka predprinimatel'skoj  deyatel'nosti v otrasli vinogradarstvo i vinodeliya (na materialah Stavropol'skogo kraya) [State regulation and support of entrepreneurial activity in the field of viticulture and winemaking (on the materials  of the Stavropol Territory)]: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. ekon. nauk : 08.00.05 / Zolotorev Aleksandr Nikolaevich. Stavropol', 2004, 19 p.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-99-106

УДК 338.5


MIHAIL V. BUGAEV, Postgraduate

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. Rapid increase of commodity prices rise the question about the factors that drive prices. The increasing amount of papers that studies the problem highlights monetary factors as a driver of commodity price changes. The financialization of the  commodity market also contributes to an increase in the influence of monetary factors. Using futures to measure the expectations about the actions of the US Federal  Reserve, we decompose interest rate change into expected and unexpected components. Applying linear regression, we investigated the effect of expected and unexpected changes in interest rates on the prices of commodities from various groups  based on data for the period 1998-2020. Results of the analysis prove that unexpected decrease of interest rate leads to the increase of industrial and precious metals during FOMC meetings. The impact of an interest rate shock does not have a  statistically significant effect on the monthly dynamics of commodity prices, with the exception of oil, gold and aluminum. Besides, there is heterogeneity in response to positive and negative interest rates shock across various commodities.

Key words: commodity prices, interest rate, monetary policy surprise, futures, convenience yield



1. Chu K.-Y., Morrison T. K. The 1981‒82 recession and non‒oil primary commodity prices // Staff Papers (International Monetary Fund). 1984. Volume 31. Issue 1. рр. 93‒140. ISSN 1020-7635. DOI: 10.2307/3866979.

2. Maizels A. The continuing commodity crisis of developing countries // World Development. 1994. Volume 22. Issue 11. рр. 1685‒1695. DOI: 10.1016/0305-750X(94)00072-7.

3. Thomasz E., Massot J., Rondinone G. Is the interest rate more important than inventories? The case of agricultural commodities in the context of the financialization process // Lecturas de Economía. 2016. Issue 85. рр. 127‒153. ISSN 0120-2596. DOI: 10.17533/udea.le.n85a04.

4. Frankel J. A. The effect of monetary policy on real commodity prices // NBER Working Papers. 2006. Issue 12713. ISSN 0898-2937. DOI: 10.3386/w12713.

5. Anzuini A., Lombardi M. J., Pagano P. The impact of monetary policy shocks on commodity prices // ECB Working Paper. 2010. Issue 1232. ISSN 1725-2806.

6. Cabrales C. A., Granados Castro J. C., Ojeda J. J. The Effect of monetary policy on commodity prices: disentangling the evidence for individual prices // Economics Research International. 2014. Volume 2014. рр. 1‒13. ISSN 2090-2131. DOI: 10.1155/2014/649734.

7. Gospodinov N., Jamali I. Monetary policy surprises, positions of traders, and changes in commodity futures prices // Working Paper Series. 2013. Issue 12. pp. 2‒39. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2579859.

8. Kuttner K. Monetary policy surprises and interest rates: evidence from the Fed Funds futures market // Journal of Monetary Economics. 2001. Issue 47. рр. 523‒544. DOI: 10.1016/S0304- 3932(01)00055-1.






DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-107-116

УДК 338.46:364.04.001.13


YURI D. OVCHINNIKOV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

OLEG G. LYZAR, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor

Kuban State University of Education, Sport and Tourism, Russian Federation, Krasnodar


YURI N. TAPUNOV, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor

Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Russian Federation, Krasnodar



Abstract. The market for physical education and recreation activities is quite extensive in terms of the range of services provided and there is a struggle for priority.  One "niche" is difficult to fill - work with elderly people. Many companies are unaware of the potential of the changing market and demand for products, while others  are unable to respond and adapt. A potential management strategy is to attract an older age group in order to grow the business or stay in it. In developing the field of  adaptive physical education, there is the problem of designing activities for the elderly. The purpose of the research is to develop a main dominant theme of the problem, which is the selection of programs to fill the exercise schedules of elderly people. Scientific research was conducted with the study of marketing opportunities of  a network of physical culture clubs "House of Physical Education" in the city of Krasnodar. In the course of the study, a relevant area in the Krasnodar region was  identified in the fitness industry - improving the health of the elderly. In the development of the direction of adaptive physical culture there is a problem of designing  classes for the elderly. In terms of social marketing elderly people are perceived as a socially separate group. Exactly this group needs two factors, communication and attention, as well as creativity in designing the activity on the one hand and getting  the effect of rehabilitation and treatment on the other hand. Each consumer understands the wellness process differently and the fitness club should not be perceived  as a medical facility.

Key words: sports and recreation activities, health services market, programs for the elderly, service design management, social marketing.


1. Horloogijn A. S., Serenkov P. S., Romanchak V. M. Obespechenie funkcional'noj vzai-mozamenyaemosti pri formirovanii kontrol'nogo kompleksa pokazatelej iskhodnogo sostoyaniya potrebitelya fizkul'turno-ozdorovitel'nyh uslug [Provision of functional interchangeability in the formation  of a control set of indicators of the initial condition of the consumer of physical fitness and health services] // Pribory i metody izmerenij. 2017. T. 8. No 3. рр. 286−296.

2. Mozhelev E. A. Sushchnost', vidy sportivnyh uslug i ih vzaimosvyaz' s drugimi uslugami [The essence, types of sports services and their relationship with other services] // Rossijskie regiony: vzglyad v budushchee. 2020. T. 7. No 4. рр. 117−127. 

3. Myzrova K. A., Rozhkova E. V. Faktory i tendencii razvitiya rynka sportivno-ozdorovitel'nyh uslug [Factors and trends in the development of the market of sports and recreational ser- vices] // Nauka i sport: sovremennye tendencii. 2015. T. 9. No 4 (9). рр. 70−76. 

4. Kandaurova N. V., Lobanov N. A. Predprinimatel'skaya deyatel'nost' i osobennosti marketinga fizicheskoj kul'tury i sporta [Entrepreneurial activity and features of marketing of physical culture and sports] // Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P. F. Lesgafta. 2013. No 11 (105). рр. 57−60. 

5. Filippov S. S., Antonova N. I. Analiz kommercheskoj fizkul'turno-sportivnoj organizacii kak  social'noj sistemy [Analysis of the commercial physical culture and sports organization as a social system] // Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P. F. Lesgafta. 2012. No 5 (87). рр. 145−148. 

6. Goldsmit T. S. Evolyuciya teorij stareniya: kakim obrazom sovremennye koncepcii programmirovannogo stareniya transformiruyut issledovaniya v medicine (obzor) [The evolution of aging theories: how modern concepts of programmed aging are transforming research in medicine (review)] //  Biohimiya. 2016. T. 81. No 12. рр. 1675−1684.

7. Stepanova O. N. Konceptual'nyj podhod i tekhnologiya marketingovogo proektirovaniya harakteristik fizkul'turno-sportivnoj raboty s naseleniem [The conceptual approach and technology of  marketing design of characteristics of physical culture and sports work with population] // Vestnik sportivnoj nauki. 2004. No 3. рр. 55−60. 

8. Nesterenko N. A. Zdorov'e i rabotosposobnost' ekonomicheski aktivnogo naseleniya kak celevaya funkciya v deyatel'nosti sanatorno-kurortnogo kompleksa [Health and efficiency of economically  active population as a target function in the activities of health resort complex] // Izvestiya Sankt-Peter- burgskogo gosudarstvennogo ekonomicheskogo universiteta. 2018. No 2 (110). рр. 145−149. 

9. Stepanova O. N., Savin S. V. Kriterii klassifikacii i tipologiya fitnes-programm [Criteria for classification and typology of fitness programs] // Vestnik sportivnoj nauki. 2015. No 3. рр. 49−53.

10. Labudin A. V., Shamhalov A. M. Osobennosti sochetaniya social'nyh i ekonomicheskih chert v sovremennom podhode k upravleniyu v oblasti sporta [Peculiarities of combining social and  economic features in the modern approach to management in sports] // Upravlencheskoe konsul'tirovanie. 2017. No 6 (102). рр. 133−139. 

11. Oborin M. S. Primenenie koncepcii marketing-menedzhmenta pri razrabotke lechebnoozdorovitel'nyh produktov i uslug [Application of marketing-management concept in development of  medical and health-improving products and services] // Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie. Elektronnyj vestnik. 2019. No 73. рр. 112−137. 

12. Surzhko V. V. Formirovanie koncepcii marketinga sportivno-ozdorovitel'noj deyatel'nosti [Formation of the concept of marketing of sports and health-improving activity] // Ekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. 2020. No 11 (124). рр. 913−916.

13. Dom fizkul'turnika [House of Physical Culture]. URL:

14. Krasnov E. V., Vorob'ev A. I. Struktura i dinamika dohodov fitnes-kluba ot prodazhi klubnyh kart [Structure and dynamics of fitness club income from the sale of club cards] // Teoriya i praktika  fizicheskoj kul'tury. 2015. No 3. рр. 38−40.

15. Ivanova N. V. Prakticheskaya realizaciya proekta po razvitiyu OOO «CHIR-DANS Studiya «Graciya» [Practical implementation of the project on the development of LLC "CHIR-DANCE Studio "Grazia"] // Human Progress. 2016. T. 2. No 3. рр. 17. 

16. Smirnov M. O. Innovacionnye tekhnologii upravleniya v fizkul'turno-ozdorovitel'nom komplekse [Innovative technologies of management in the physical culture and fitness complex] // Nauchnometodicheskij elektronnyj zhurnal Koncept. 2014. No T. 20. рр. 2206−2210. 

17. Panasenko S. V., Murtuzalieva T. V., Slepenkova E. V. Fitnes-industriya Rossii: sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya [The fitness industry in Russia: state and prospects for development] //  Prakticheskij marketing. 2018. No 3 (253). рр. 20−28. 

18. Trommsdorff V. Kundenorientierung verhaltenswissenschaftlich gesehen // Marktorientierte Unternehmensführung / Hrsg. M. Bruhn, H. Steffenhagen. Wiesbaden: Verlag Dr. Th. Gabler  GmbH, 1997. рр. 275−293.






DOI: 110.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-117-124

УДК 37:004.738.5


OKSANA E. PIROGOVA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, associate Professor

DARIA A. KIRILLOVA, Master’s Degree

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Institute of Industrial Engineering and Management, Economics, and Trade, Higher School of Service and Trade, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg



Abstract. The online education market demonstrates the growth and strengthening of its positions as a business activity sphere not only in Russia but in the whole world,  increasing the growth rate of the industry up to 20% per year. The main and significant leap took place in the consequence of the active transition to the online because  of the quarantine restrictions covid-19. The purpose of this work is to study the system of online education in Russia and determine the prospects of the industry. The  objectives of the study include: comparing online education with offline sphere, ananalyzing popular categories in online education and constructing a forecast of  the dynamics of the market, taking into account the impact of revenues online education companies. The main methods used in the work: data analysis and comparison. The main conclusions were drawn from the results of the study: every year there  is an increase in investment in online education, large companies are buying promising projects. Based on the correlation and regression model of the dependence of  the study period on the volume of the online education market in Russia, a forecast  for the coming years was made. The most popular areas of education: foreign languages, IT and marketing. The year 2020 allowed the industry to increase its performance more than the forecast and by 2021 is expected to increase revenues to 73  billion rubles.

Key words: online education, marketing, business, investments in education, e-learning, educational platform, soft skills.


1. Vzryvnoj rost: rejting liderov rynka onlajn-obrazovaniya Rossii / RBK [Explosive growth:  ranking of leaders of online education market in Russia / RBC]. URL:

2. Rynok EdTech: kak pandemiya vyzvala bum investicij v onlajn-obrazovanii / VC [EdTech  market: how pandemic caused a boom of investments in online education / VC]. URL:

3. Issledovanie rossijskogo rynka onlajn-obrazovaniya 2020 / Talent Tech [Study of Russian  online education market 2020 / Talent Tech]. URL: 

4. 35 krupnejshih EdTech-kompanij Rossii: rejting RBK / Talent Tech [The 35 largest edTech- companies in Russia: the RBC rating / Talent Tech]. URL:

5. Investicii v EdTech / Invest-forsajt [Investments in EdTech / Invest-Forsight]. URL:

6. Pirogova O. E., Emelyanov A. N. Modelirovanie rynka sfery gostepriimstva na osnove prognozirovaniya nomernyh tarifov [Modeling the market of the sphere of hospitality on the basis of forecasting room rates] // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2020. No 2. pp. 19−24.

7. Baraz V. R. Korrelyacionno-regressionnyj analiz svyazi pokazatelej kommercheskoj deyatel'nosti s ispol'zovaniem programmy Excel [Correlation and regression analysis of the relationship of commercial activity indicators using the Excel program]: uchebnoe posobie. Ekaterinburg: GOU VPO «UGTU–UPI», 2005. 102 p. 

8. Pirogova O. E., Rudakova A. N. Issledovanie napravlenij sovershenstvovaniya deyatel'nosti predpriyatiya gostinichnogo biznesa // [The study of improving the activities of the hotel busi- ness] // Nauka i biznes: puti razvitiya. 2018. No 3 (81). pp. 48−54. 

9. Internet-torgovlya v Rossii (2016−2024) [Internet-trade in Russia (2016−2024)]. URL:






DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-125-134



XIE CHENFEI, Postgraduate

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg



Abstract. The paper provides an analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on global economic regulation, highlighting the countries of the Asia-Pacific region in a rapidly  changing environment and understanding the actions needed to mitigate the impact  of COVID-19. Declining trade and investment also had a significant impact on international economic activity. A comparative analysis of the economic conditions of  developed and developing countries in trade, investment and financial policies is  carried out. The process of integration and recovery of the ASEAN countries' economies in 2020−2021 is identified. The conclusions are drawn that the current economic situation in the ASEAN countries demonstrates positive dynamics, but it is  still quite difficult to restore it to the beginning of the epidemic level, the reasons for which are, firstly, there is still uncertainty about the epidemic situation. Second, the outlook for foreign direct investment is not optimistic. In particular, they took China as a passive example in managing the epidemic in 2020. A mid-term forecast of the economic indicators of these countries was made that the imbalance and uncertainty of the global economic recovery will inevitably affect the growth of international trade on a global scale.

Key words: depression, world economy, COVID-19, ASEAN integration, trade, investment, financial policy.



1. Smirnov E. N. «Mirovaya ekonomika koronavirusa»: Poisk optimal'nyh putej preodoleniya posledstvij krizisa [The Coronavirus World Economy: The Search for Optimal Ways to Overcome the  Crisis] // Vestnik MGIMO. 2020. No 3 (72). URL:

2. OECD (2021), OECD Economic Outlook, Interim Report March 2021, OECD Publishing, Paris,

3. Lu Hun Skoro vosstanovlenie mirovoj ekonomiki, i vosstanovlenie neminuemo [Soon global economic recovery, and the recovery is imminent] // International Business Daily. 2021-03-15 (004).

4. UBS (2021), Global Risk Radar // Chief Investment Office GWM 11 February 2021 URL: mlzay1yYWRhci1lbi0xNTIwNDMzLnBkZg==/global-risk-radar-en-1520433.pdf.

5. Chzhan Czyuin, Chzhan Sinu Strukturnoe vliyanie epidemii novoj koronnoj pnevmonii na vneshnyuyu torgovlyu Kitaya i ee politicheskie soobrazheniya [The structural impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic on China's foreign trade and its policy considerations] // Rukovodstvo po ekonomike i torgovle Kitaya. 2020. No. 963(06). pp. 14−15.

6. Ronal'd Batton, Kristofer MakKormak Regional'noe sotrudnichestvo sposobstvuet ekonomicheskomu vosstanovleniyu Aziatsko-Tihookeanskogo regiona [Regional cooperation contributes to the economic recovery of the Asia-Pacific region] // Novosti ekonomicheskoj informacii, 2021-03-05 (005).

7. Chzhan Lej Mysli o finansirovanii politiki dlya podderzhki razvitiya vneshnej torgovli SHen'si v usloviyah novoj epidemii koronarnoj pnevmonii [Thoughts on policy financing to support Shaanxi's foreign trade development in the face of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic] // Western Finance. 2020, No. 554(10). pp. 75−77.

8. Lyan Goyun Vosstanovitel'nyj rost torgovli budet stimulirovat' vosstanovlenie mirovoj ekonomiki [Recovering trade growth will drive global economic recovery] // Ekonomicheskaya spravochnaya gazeta. 2021-03-08 (005).

9. Fen Hajyan Sekret korporativnogo rosta v neblagopriyatnyh usloviyah: ustojchivost' – sluchaj vo vremya novoj koronnoj epidemii pnevmonii [The secret of corporate growth in adverse conditions: resilience is a case during the new crown pneumonia epidemic] // Operation and Management. 2021. No 05. pp. 55−59.

10. Bank of America, A conversation with Anne Finucane and Karen Fang: Addressing the world’s challenges through sustainable finance. // Bank of America Anual Report 2020. 2021. pp. 34− 35. URL: 51435e46/bankofamerica/db/867/9129/annual_report/BAC_2020_Annual_Report.pdf eb9b0b29492cac3a370af82a51435e46/bankofamerica/db/867/9129/annual_report/BAC_2020_Annual _Report.pdf.

11. YUNKTAD. Doklad Mezhpravitel'stvennoj gruppy ekspertov po finansirovaniyu razvitiya o rabote ee chetvertoj sessii [UNCTAD. Report of the Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Financing for Development on its fourth session] // 25−27 Yanvarya. 2021. URL:

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13. Changing Roles of South-South Cooperation in Global Development System: Towards 2030. Hongkong : Finance Center for South-South Cooperation, 2017. 481 p.

14. Smirnov E. N. Mirovaya ekonomika koronavirusa: Poisk optimal'nyh putej preodoleniya posledstvij krizisa [The Coronavirus World Economy: The Search for Optimal Ways to Overcome the  Crisis] // Vestnik MGIMO. 2020. No 3 (72). URL: 

15. International Monetary Fund: World economic outlook 2021. URL:















DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-135-142

УДК 378.22


SVETLANA V. GINNE, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor

Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology, Russian Federation, Krasnoyarsk



Abstract. The article is devoted to the definition of the content and organizational capabilities of the educational process in a technical university as a fundamental  factor in the formation of professional competencies of the future bachelor. The author has identified three main aspects of these capabilities: actualization of the value  attitude of the future bachelor to professional competencies, which contributes to the motivational sphere of his professionally becoming personality; informing the future  bachelor about professional competencies, which is aimed at developing the development of the cognitive sphere of his professionally becoming personality; enrichment of the subjective experience of the future bachelor’s application of professional  competencies in educationally-professional activity, which leads to the development  of the activity sphere of his professionally becoming personality. The effective implementation of the listed aspects of the content and organizational capabilities of  the educational process in a technical university in the formation of professional competencies of the future bachelor involves, in the author's opinion, the elaboration of appropriate pedagogical support, reflecting the tactical and strategic actions of  the educator in the performance of the following functions: to orient the future bachelor to the optimal organization of educationally-professional activity; to demonstrate to the future bachelor effective examples of the organization of educationallyprofessional activity; to train the future bachelor in the most productive methods of  educationally-professional activity; to transform the organization of educationallyprofessional activity of the future bachelor into selforganization.

Key words: formation, professional competencies, future bachelor, educational process, personally-professional formation and development, educationally-professional activity.



1. Professional'naya podgotovka sub"ektov obrazovatel'nogo processa v sovremennom vuze [Professional training of the subjects of the educational process in a modern university]: kollektivnaya monografiya / otv. red. A. Yu. Nagornova. Ul'yanovsk : Zebra, 2020. 294 р.

2. Razvitie sovremennogo vysshego obrazovaniya v Rossii i zarubezhnyh stranah [Development of modern higher education in Russia and foreign countries]: kollektivnaya monografiya / otv. red. A. Yu. Nagornova. Ul'yanovsk : Zebra, 2020. 455 р.

3. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost' [Higher Education in Russia: History and Modernity]: kollektivnaya monografiya / otv. red. A. Yu. Nagornova. Ul'yanovsk : Zebra, 2017. 453 р. 

4. Altbach P. Doctoral Education : Present Realities and Future Trends // College and University Journal. Fall, 2014. Vol. 80. No 2. pp. 3–10. 

5. Ginne S. V. Ob osnovnyh etapah formirovaniya professional'nyh kompetencij budushchego bakalavra v tekhnicheskom vuze [On the main stages of the formation of professional competence of the future bachelor in a technical university] // Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. Yalta : RIO GPA, 2020. Vyp. 66. Ch. 2. рр. 90–93.

6. Dunna T. J., Kennedy M. Technology Enhanced Learning in higher education; motivations, engagement and academic achievement // Computers & Education. 2019. Vol. 137. pp. 104–113. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu. 2019.04.004. 

7. Parygin B. D. Social'naya psihologiya [Social psychology]: Uchebnoue posobie dlya studentov vuzov, obuchayushchihsya po napravleniyu i special'nostyam psihologii / SPb. : SPbGUP, 2003.  615 p. (Seriya «Biblioteka Gumanitarnogo universiteta». Vyp. 15).

8. Pedagogika i psihologiya vysshej shkoly [Pedagogy and Psychology of Higher Education]: uchebnoe posobie / otv. red. M. V. Bulanova-Toporkova. Rostov-n/D: Feniks, 2002. 544 р.

9. Derkach A. A. Akmeologicheskie osnovy razvitiya professionala [Akmeological Bases of Professional Development]. M. : Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo psihologo-social'nogo instituta; Voronezh : NPO «MODEK», 2004. 752 р.

10. Rybalko E. F., Golovej L. A. Vozrastnye periody razvitiya cheloveka. Psihologiya [Age periods of human development. Psychology]: Uchebnik / Pod red. A. A. Krylova. M. : PBOYUL Grizhenko E. M., 2000. 584 р.

11. Professional'no-kul'turnoe stanovlenie studenta v obrazovatel'nom processe [Professional  and cultural formation of the student in the educational process] / Otv. red. V. V. Ignatova, O. A. Shush- erina. Tomsk : Izd-vo Tom. un-ta, 2005. 267 р. 

12. Kolesnikova I. A. Pedagogicheskaya real'nost': opyt mezhparadigmal'noj refleksii [Pedagogical Reality: the Experience of Interparadigm Reflexion]: Kurs lekcij po filosofii pedagogiki. SPb. : «DETSTVO–PRESS», 2001. 288 р. (Seriya «Pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie»).





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-143-152

УДК 378.14:001.895



LIUDMILA I. NAZAROVA, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article substantiates the necessity of making the professional education more practice-oriented, of enhancing the integration of educational organizations and industrial enterprises in order to improve the quality of graduates' training; for this purpose network interaction as a prototype of the dual education system  is being actively implemented. The main problems, constraining its development, are  revealed: as a whole low level of material base of professional education; insufficient elaboration of regulatory-legal base of dual education; absence of effective  market mechanisms of involving enterprises - potential employers in personnel training; insufficient level of readiness of professional-pedagogical workers to implement  dual education, etc. The purpose of the study is to identify and justify traditional and innovative approaches to the organization of practical training of college students.  The analysis of the normative documentation regulating practical training and network form of educational programs implementation showed insufficient coordination of different documents between each other, which requires finalization of the  normative-legal base. Traditional and innovative approaches to the organization of practical training in our country and abroad are considered. Using valuable foreign  experience in the organization of dual training, particularly in Germany, it is important to adapt it correctly to the peculiarities of the Russian system of vocational  education and production sphere, not forgetting about the continuity of the best traditions of the national education system. The article substantiates the necessity of  transformation of practical training in the institutions of secondary vocational education on the basis of network interaction in the system of dual education, which is  realized in the form of educational-production clusters.

Key words: practical training, secondary vocational education, traditions in education, pedagogical innovations, polytechnic college, networking, dual learning, social  partnership, professional competencies.


1. Tenchurina L. Z. Uroki istorii razvitiya professional'no-pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya (poslednyaya tret' XIX v. – nachalo 90-h gg. XX v.) [Lessons of the history of the development of vocational-pedagogical education (the last third of XIX c. – beginning of 90s. XX c.)] // Obrazovanie i nauka. Izvestiya UrO RAO. 2004. No 3 (27). pp. 121−133.

2. Sovremennoe vysshee obrazovanie: teoriya i praktika [Modern higher education: theory and practice:]: monografiya / A. Yu. Nagornova [i dr.]. Ul'yanovsk : Zebra, 2020. 602 pp.

3. Ashimova Z. I., Tukenova K. T. Perspektivy dual'nogo obucheniya kak innovacionnogo  metoda obucheniya v sfere tekhnicheskogo i professional'nogo obrazovaniya [Prospects for dual learning as an innovative method of training in technical and professional education] // Aktual'nye nauchnye  issledovaniya v sovremennom mire. 2019. No 10-5 (54). pp. 14−18. 

4. Silajchev P. A., Chekha O. V. Razvitie teorii nepreryvnoj podgotovki: problema tekhnicheskogo obrazovaniya [Development of the theory of continuous training: the problem of technical education] // Vestnik FGOU VPO «Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj agroinzhenernyj universitet im. V. P.  Goryachkina». 2009. No 6. pp. 16−18.

5. Anan'ina Yu. V., Blinov V. I., Sergeev I. S. Obrazovatel'naya sreda: razvitie obrazovatel'noj  sredy srednego professional'nogo obrazovaniya v usloviyah setevoj klasternoj integracii [Educational environment: development of educational environment of secondary vocational education in the conditions  of network cluster integration]: monografiya. M. : OOO «Avanglion-Print», 2012. 152 pp. 

6. Korovin Yu. I., Fedorova O. V. O nekotoryh aspektah transformacii obrazovatel'nogo processa s uchetom aktual'nyh potrebnostej agropromyshlennoj otrasli [On some aspects of the  transformation of the educational process, taking into account the actual needs of the agroindustrial sector]  // Novye tekhnologii v nauke, obrazovanii, proizvodstve: mezhdunar. sb. nauch. tr. po materialam mezhdunar. nauchno-prakt. konf. Ryazan' : Regional'nyj institut biznesa i upravleniya, 2016. pp. 63−68.

7. Mamaeva I. A., Smirnova Yu. V. Organizaciya dual'nogo obucheniya i samoocenka studentami sformirovannosti kompetencij [Organization of dual training and students' self-assessment of  competence formation] // Vestnik FGOU VPO «Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj agroinzhenernyj universitet im. V. P. Goryachkina». 2020. No 1 (95). pp. 66−74. 

8. Toropov D. A. Istoriya razvitiya nemeckoj sistemy professional'nogo obrazovaniya [History of the development of the German system of vocational education]: uchebnoe posobie. Kazan' : ISPO RAO, 2002. 72 pp.

9. Ivanov I., Cobo J. C., Kosonogova M. Implementation of developmental education in the digital learning environment // Procedia Computer Science. 2020. Vol. 172. pp. 517−522.

10. Bratti M., Conti M., Sulis G. Employment protection and firm-provided training in dual labour markets // Labour Economics. 2021. Vol. 69. Article 101972. 

11. Takeichi Y., Yajima K., Matsuhashi Sh., Misono K., Suzuki Sh., Sato J., Kato Ya. Development of a method for visualization of skills at experiments and practical training // Procedia Computer Science. 2015. Vol. 60. pp. 1240−1246. 

12. Taraseeva N. I., Baulina O. V. Effektivnost' primeneniya innovacionnyh tekhnologij v organizacii prakticheskoj podgotovki [The effectiveness of innovative technologies in the organization of  practical training] // Otkrytoe obrazovanie. 2019. T. 23. No 2. pp. 14−22.

13. Lysenko E., Nazarova L. Development of technical thinking in engineering students // Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research: 1st International Scientific Practical Conference “The Individual and Society in the Modern Geopolitical Environment” (ISMGE 2019). 2019. Vol. 331. pp. 430−435.

14. Prikaz Ministerstva nauki i vysshego obrazovaniya RF i Ministerstva prosveshcheniya RF ot 5 avgusta 2020 goda No 885/390 «O prakticheskoj podgotovke obuchayushchihsya» [Order of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation from August 5, 2020 No 885/390 "On practical training of students"]. URL:

15. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29.12.2012 goda No 273-FZ «Ob obrazovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii» [Federal law dated 29.12.2012 No 273-FZ "About education in Russian Federation"]. URL:

16. Prikaz Ministerstva nauki i vysshego obrazovaniya RF i Ministerstva prosveshcheniya RF ot 5 avgusta 2020 goda No 882/391 «Ob organizacii i osushchestvlenii obrazovatel'noj deyatel'nosti pri setevoj forme realizacii obrazovatel'nyh programm» [Order of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of RF and Ministry of Education of RF dated August 5, 2020 No 882/391 "On organization and implementation of educational activities under the network form of realization of educational programs"]. URL:

17. Shingareva M. V. Kompetentnostno-orientirovannye zadachi kak osnova demonstracionnogo ekzamena [Competence-oriented tasks as the basis for demonstration examination] // Materialy  mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii molodyh uchenyh i specialistov, posvyashchennoj 150-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya V. P. Goryachkina. M. : RGAU–MSKHA, 2018. pp. 307−309.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-153-165

УДК 378:355


IRINA A. ZAKIRYANOVA, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor

Naknimov Black Sea Nigher Naval School, Russian Federation, Sevastopol



Abstract. the problem of constructing a harmonious intercultural interaction in a multi-ethnic society leads to the need to rethink radically and try to understand the  specifics of each nation’s mentality, to study closely issues on the theoretical understanding of the ethnocultural identity problem. Therefore one of the fundamental  tasks in the system of higher military education is to focus on humanistic values,  which contributes to the formation of behavior practical skills and norms for establishing and maintaining effective inter-ethnic relations in a multi-ethnic environment. Belonging to an ethnic community nowadays plays a crucial role in crosscultural contacts. A person who respects and understands his / her own people’s  ethnic identity will be able to understand and accept the specifics ofother ethnic groups and nationalities’ cultural values. Ethnocultural identity which is based on the time-tested values, ideals, life meanings of the ethnic community, on the rules and norms governing behavior, gives a person the opportunity to build harmonious relationships with the surrounding world. The analysis of literature on the research  topic was carried out. The questions on theoretical understanding of the ethnocultural identity problem which is related to the comprehension of the specifics of each  nation’s mentality, as well as the process of Self-awareness as a subjectdifferent from other subjects, and the objective relations with the world, are studied. Since ethnocultural identity is realized in social actions and interactions, this research is based on the ethnocultural identity ideas in the context of the behavioristic approach (M. Şerif, D. T. Campbell, etc.) – a psychological approach that focuses on the behavioral patterns of human life. The study of the ethnocultural identity phenomenon  which is closely related to the issue of its formation involves combining psychological research with the pedagogical search for possible ways to form ethnocultural  identity, with the design of the most effective forms of the educational process that contribute to the formation of young people’s ethnocultural identity. The analysis of  researches of ethnocultural identity problems in the context of the behavioristic approach has allowed to draw the following conclusions: belonging to an ethnic community as the most stable and reliable social group plays a significant role in intercultural interaction; ethnocultural identity is realized in social actions and interactions; person’s ability to master the ways of the external implementation intrapersonal readiness depends on one’s level of ethnocultural identity formation;  behavioristic approach representatives’ studies may become a required tool for education practice in terms of students’ possible behaviour correction in the process  of their socialization; the study system in the form of a specially organized psychological and pedagogical training affects the design changes in the level of students’  ethnocultural identity formation.

Key words: ethnocultural identityformation, higher military educationsystem, effective intercultural interaction, external manifestation of ethno-cultural identity, specially organized psychological and pedagogical training.


1. Ageev V. S. Mezhgruppovoe vzaimodejstvie: Social'no-psihologicheskie problem [Intergroup interaction: Socio-psychological problems]. M. : Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 1990. 240 p. 

2. Stefanenko T. G. Etnopsihologiya [Ethnopsychology]. M. : Institut psihologii RAN, «Akademicheskij proekt», 1999. 320 p. 

3. Andreeva G. M., Bogomolova N. N., Petrovskaya L. A. Zarubezhnaya social'naya psihologiya HKH stoletiya: Teoreticheskie podhody [Foreign social psychology of the XX-th century:  Theoretical approaches]: uchebnoe posobie dlya vuzov. M. : Aspekt Press, 2002. 287 p.

4. Ivanova N. L. Predstavleniya o gruppovoj identichnosti v biheviorizme [Presentations about group identity in behaviorism]. URL:

5. Mihajlova A. G. Kul'turnaya identichnost' kak kriterij polikul'turnoj kompetentnosti [Cultural identity as a criterion of multicultural competence] // ModernScience. 2021. No 1-1. pp. 279−283. 

6. Arzu Sosyal Altugan The Relationship Between Cultural Identity and Learning Procedia − Social and Behavioral Sciences. Volume 186, 13 May 2015, pp. 1159−1162. 

7. Shengquan Ye, Ting KinNg Value change in response to cultural priming: The role of cultural identity and the impact on subjective well-being. International Journal of Intercultural Relations.  Volume 70, May 2019, pp. 89−103.

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10. Colleen Ward, ÁgnesSzabó, Seth J. Schwartz, Alan Mecad Acculturative stress and cultural identity styles as predictors of psychosocial functioning Hispanic Americans. Interna-tional Journal  of Intercultural Relations. Volume 80, January 2021, pp. 274−284.

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12. Bol'shoj psihologicheskij slovar' [Big Psychological Dictionary] / [Avdeeva N. N. i dr.]; pod red. B. G. Meshcheryakova, V. P. Zinchenko. 4-e izd. M. : AST ; SPb. : Prajm-Evroznak, 2009. 811 p.

13. Stepanov S. S. Populyarnaya psihologicheskaya enciklopediya [Popular Psychological Encyclopedia]. M. : Eksmo, 2005. 672 p.

14. Sherif M. Experiments in Group Conflict. ScientificAmerican, Vol. 195, No 5, 1956. URL:

15. Kempbell D. T., Andreeva G. Modeli eksperimentov v social'noj psihologii i prikladnyh  issledovaniyah [Models of Experimentation in Social Psychology and Applied Research]. M. : Social'no-Psihologicheskij Centr, 1996. 391 p. 

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17. Andreeva G. M. Social'naya psihologiya [Social Psychology]: Uchebnik dlya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. M. : Aspekt Press, 2001. 384 p.

18. Social'nye problemy i faktory intensifikacii nauchnoj deyatel'nosti [Social Problems and Factors of Intensification of Scientific Activity] / Pod red. V. A. Yadova, D. D. Rajkovoj. M. : Nauka, 1990. 165 р.

19. Bandler R., Grinder D. NeueWege der Kurzzeit – Therapie; Puderborn, 1981.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-165-175

УДК 371.4


ARMENAK A. BAHCHIEV, Postgraduate, Further Education Teacher

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

State Budgetary Educational Institution of the City of Moscow

"School No. 1454 "Timiryazevskaya", Russian Federation, Moscow

VASILIJ P. KOSYREV, Advanced Doctor in Pedagogic Sciences, Professor

Moscow State Institute of Culture, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article deals with the problems of educating students' purposeful discipline due to the need for an effective solution to the socio-economic, political and  cultural problems existing in society, which are largely determined by the ability of young people to consciously fulfill civil duties, to affirm universal values, and to  observe discipline. The phenomenon of purposeful discipline in the general sociological aspect is considered as a certain patten of people's behavior that meets to  administer law and morality in society or the requirements of any organization. It is  noted that in society there is a general discipline that determines the order of behavior of all members of a given society, and different forms of discipline, all citizens  must comply with the Constitution of the country, legislation, rules of a hostel, etc. These requirements are compulsory and constitute the content of the compulsory  discipline. At the same time, citizens, as members of certain groups (military, educational, labor, industrial, etc.) and organizations (public, state, economic, etc.),  which have their own specifics depending on the purpose, characteristics of methods and means of organizational work must obey the discipline requirements of these teams and organizations or special types of discipline. Conscious and purposeful discipline is considered as a complex integral quality and presupposes the presence of anentire complex of morally significant personality traits, manifested in everyday life, official activities and based on the knowledge of morality and law, as well as on  the internal need for the strict implementation of moral and legal norms, their correct understanding and application. Normativeness in the study is considered as a  qualitative characteristic of a personality, which has an internal and external structure (cognitive, emotional, behavioral components) and reflects the process of mastering social norms and is a necessary condition for the development of personality.

Key words: normative behavior, deviant behavior, psychic fatigue, indicators of deviating behavior, social norm, purposeful discipline.


1. El'kina N. A. Model' formirovaniya disciplinirovannosti mladshih shkol'nikov v uchebnovospitatel'nom processe [Model of the formation of the discipline of junior students in the educational  process]: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. ped. nauk : 13.00.01 / El'kina Nataliya Aleksandrovna. N-Novgorod : VGIPU, 2009. 24 р.

2. Deryucheva V. A. Social'no-psihologicheskie osobennosti diagnostiki i korrekcii krizisnyh sostoyanij lichnosti podrostka [Social-psychological features of diagnostics and correction of the teenager's personality crisis states]: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. psihol. nauk : 19.00.05 / Deryucheva Viktoriya Aleksandrovna. Yaroslavl' : YAGU imeni Demidova, 2003. 24 р.

3. Shevchuk V. F. Povedenie lichnosti: pedagogicheskie i psihologicheskie problem [Personality behavior: pedagogical and psychological problems]: Monografiya / Yarosl. Politekhn. In-t. Yaroslavl' , 1991. 155 р. 

4. Bobneva M. I. Osobennosti normativnoj regulyacii povedeniya cheloveka v organizacii [Features of normative regulation of human behavior in the organization] // Psihologicheskie mekhanizmy  regulyacii social'nogo povedeniya. M. : Nauka, 1979. рр. 44−75. 

5. Psihologicheskie problemy preduprezhdenij pedagogicheskoj zapushchennosti i pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih [Psychological Problems of Preventing Pedagogical Neglect and  Juvenile Law Violations]. Voronezh : VGPU, 1982. 169 р.

6. Lednev V. S. Soderzhanie obrazovaniya [The content of education]. M. : Vysshaya shkola, 1989. pp. 34−37.

7. Nurmuhametov E. A. Osvoenie normativnoj situacii v podrostkovom vozraste [Mastering the normative situation in adolescence]: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. psihol. nauk : 19.00.13 / Nurmuhametov Ernest Al'bertovich. M. : MGPPU, 2015. 24 р.

8. Pen'kov E. M. Social'nye normy − regulyatory povedeniya lichnosti: Nekotorye voprosy metodologii i teorii [Social norms - regulators of the behavior of a person: Some voprosy of the methodology and theory]. M. : Mysl', 1972. 198 р.

9. Zotova O. I., Bobneva M. T. Cennostnye orientacii i mekhanizm social'noj regulyacii  povedeniya [Value orientations and the mechanism of social regulation of behavior] // Metodologicheskie problemy social'noj psihologii. M. : Nauka, 1975. рр. 241−254. 

10. Smirnova T. P. Psihologicheskaya korrekciya agressivnogo povedeniya detej [Psychological correction of aggressive behavior of children]. Seriya «Psihologicheskij praktikum». Rostov-n/D: Feniks, 2003. 160 р. 

11. Snezhkova N. N. Issledovanie social'no-psihologicheskih osobennostej normativnogo i otklonyayushchegosya povedeniya uchashchihsya [The study of socio-psychological features of  normative and deviant behavior of students]: Avtoref. ... kand. psihol. nauk : 19.00.05 / Snezhkova Nailya Nikolaevna. Yaroslavl' , 2002. 22 р.

12. Chervo Yu. Yu. Social'no-pedagogicheskie usloviya korrekcii otklonyayushchegosya povedeniya podrostkov [Social-pedagogical conditions of correction of deviant behavior of teenagers]: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. ped. nauk / 13.00.01 : Chervo Yurij Yur'evich. M. , 1997. 24 р.

13. Vygotskij L. S. Pedagogicheskaya psihologiya [Pedagogical psychology] / Pod red. V. V. Davydova. M. : Pedagogika-Press, 1996. 536 р.

14. Kosyrev V. P., Shevchuk V. F., Kozlova E. A. Normativnost' kak kriterij pedagogicheskoj ocenki povedeniya detej i podrostkov [Normativity as a criterion of pedagogical assessment of children and adolescents behavior] // Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo agroinzhenernogo universiteta imeni V. P. Goryachkina, 2011. Vyp. 4(49). рр. 37−39.

15. Ball G. A. Normy deyatel'nosti i tvorcheskaya aktivnost' lichnosti [Activity norms and the creative activity of the person] // Voprosy psihologii. 1990. рр. 25−36.

16. URL.

17. Shnejder L. B. Deviantnoe povedenie detej i podrostkov [Deviant behavior of children and teenagers]. M. : Akademicheskij proekt; Triksta, 2005. 336 р.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2021-77-2-176-186

УДК 378.14:796


YURI D. OVCHINNIKOV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor


OLGA V. LUKYANENKO, Master Candidate, student Kuban State University of Education, Sport and Tourism, Russian Federation, Krasnodar


ANDREY B. MEDNIKOV, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Physical Training and Sports, Police Colonel

Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation,Russian Federation, Krasnodar



Abstract. The material deals with bullet shooting as a highly specialized field, which is studied more by practitioners of different profile departments and insufficiently in sports profile universities. The authors note that coordination and static endurance are valued much more than developed speed and power qualities in this sport. As  practical experience shows, shooter's actions have the character of finely and precisely coordinated movements and require enormous concentration of attention,  strong tension of the nervous system. The biomechanical analysis carried out showed that it would be possible to calculate the links of the body which are the first to be included in the distribution of the added load. In the future, the athlete will need to develop the muscles of these very body parts more than others in order to develop static endurance and maintain the initially adopted body position. But this question needs to be studied with regard to the development of motor memory quality. The article focuses on biostatics, a part of biomechanics that studies the laws for forces in equilibrium of bodies, as well as transformation of systems of forces applied to  the body under different types of loading in simulated postures-movements to determine a stable posture, reducing the load on the body muscles, a relevant factor for  biomechanics of sports, physical and tactical training sessions. The authors have  studied changes in the shooting athlete's posture depending on the load he/she overcomes (comparison of the posture with and without a weapon, calculation of the  body's OPM in biomechanical postures-movements: position for shooting from the knee, position for shooting (half-sitting posture) Position for shooting lying down, position for shooting standing. A comparative analysis of the action of the muscles  directly involved in the shooting posture is carried out. Simulation of pose-movements showed that the standing position is the most difficult for shooting, as the point  of body support are legs, and the area between them and the center of gravity of the  system shooter - rifle is in an elevated position. The considered topic will be interesting for teachers because it shows the mechanism of students' applied scientific  research while studying the subject "Biomechanics of motor activity" with regard to the chosen sport, in the competence approach, indicated in the new educational standards of working programs.

Key words: bullet shooting, athlete's BCM, center of mass link, shooting sport, biomechanics of sport, coordination of movements, biomechanical characteristics, biomechanical system, biomechanical posture, biostatics, physical exercises, applied  scientific research.


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