THE INTERNATIONAL
SCIENTIFIC
JOURNAL

Contents

ECONOMY 

Kulkova I. A.

Some socio-cultural consequences of population adaptation to dynamic economic and social development

 
7

Nesterov I.I., Aleksandrov V. M., Lobodenko E. I., Kadyrov M. A.

Prospects for the development of the energy strategy of Western Siberia

 
16

Zubaidullina D. V., Kuznetsova V. P.

Analysis and assessment of the level of initiative budgeting in the russian regions

 
24

Efendieva Zh. M.

Current state of agricultural sector crediting in Azerbaijan

 
31

Velieva S. I.

Current status of exports of cotton and cotton products and their development prospects

 
36

Golubov I. I, Vareshkin I. V.

Influence of dynamics of growth of living weight of quails on the economy of production

 
45

Pirogova O. E., Korneeva A. A.

A study on the improving support of the business process

 
54

Nilova L. P., Malyutenkova S. M., Tverskoi V. R.

Consumer risks and barriers online trade of network retailers in the E-GROCERY segment

 
60

Bukatov Y. B.

Foreign experience of state stimulation of the market of medicines on the example of orphane drugs

 
66

Belyakova Yu. M.

Information-analytical provision of state-private partnership in the field of development of infrastructure projects: world experience

 
74

Mazin G. E.

Assessment of the influence of risk management by means of derivative financial instruments on the cost of russian public companies

 
83

Gorbatkovа G. A., Kulikova G. A.

Blockchain technology in the model of integration of accounting and management accounting in the agro holding control system

 
95

Kalendzhyan S. O., Sklyarenko R. P.

Dynamics of the economies of the black sea economic cooperation organization member countries

 
103

 

 

PEDAGOGY 

Pinevich E. V.

Teaching model of the russian language as foreign with the use of online course

 
111

Lavrikova N. I., Lavrikov V. I.

Intellectual potential of a specialist-professional as a leading factor of modernization of domestic economy and transition to new technological orders

 
117

Savelev A. I.

Trends of professional training of military pilot cursors

 
124

Guturova G. A., Daineko S. A., Opaleva O. N.

Activation of educational and cognitive motivation of future physical culture teachers

 
130

Ovchinnikov Y. D., Pigida K. S., Kotkovets I. P.

The study of biomechanics of motor actions of sandbodies

 
136

Magomedova A. N.

Integration of the content of scientific direction – bioethics with the process of education and education of personality

 
143

 

 

 

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ECONOMY

 

 

 

 

DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-7-15

УДК 316.7

 

INNA A. KULKOVA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Professor

Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, Russian Federation, Yekaterinburg

 

SOME SOCIO-CULTURAL CONSEQUENCES OF POPULATION ADAPTATION TO DYNAMIC ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Abstract. The article is aimed at identifying the socio-cultural consequences of the population adaptation to rapidly occurring social and economic changes in Russia. The driving forces of dynamic socio-economic changes are disclosed, the author ranks the intellectual capital development and the globalization processes to them. The sources of dynamic changes at the present stage are identified, including new technologies, government decisions, large companies and corporations, public associations and the growing population needs. The areas are systematized where the dynamic development of the Russian economy and society are manifested. The author considers political events, government decisions, development of social networks on the Internet to social dynamic changes. In the article, the author identifies ways of the population adapting to a rapidly changing environment, among which are hoarding, sharing economy, insurance, fertility reduction, the whole-life education, gig-economy, alcoholism or a healthy lifestyle, especially womenomics and others. Further, the sociocultural consequences of using various adaptation methods are analyzed: the demographic situation worsening in the country, changes in the population, its differentiation, the specific social diseases appearance, the mosaic nature of modern culture, an instant change in the personal social status. Forecasts and conclusions are made.

Key words: dynamic development, population adaptation, sociocultural consequences, demographic situation.

 

REFERENCES

1. Laptev V. V. Sociokul'turnye posledstviya social'nyh izmenenij v sovremennoj Rossii [Sociocultural consequences of social changes in modern Russia]: dis. kand. sociolog. nauk: 22.00.04 / Laptev Valentin Vladimirovich. Kazan', 2004. 152 p.

2. Sociologi rasskazali, skol'ko rossiyan vedut zdorovyj obraz zhizni. URL: https://ria.ru/20181204/1542818267.html

3. Platonova E. D. Issledovanie genezisa i evolyucii koncepcii sheringovoj ekonomiki v zarubezhnyh publikaciyah (po materialam bazy dannyh Scopus) // Vestnik Evrazijskoj nauki, 2019. № 1. URL: https://esj.today/PDF/14ECVN119.pdf

4. Itogi 2018 goda na strahovom rynke: "zhizn'" i "kreditka" // Expert. Analitika. 2019. 04 aprelya. URL: https://raexpert.ru/researches/insurance/itogi_2018

5. Kaledina A., Alekseevskih A. Kotiki i prochie domashnie lyubimcy obespechivayut bolee 1 % VVP // Izvestiya. 2016. 26 iyulya. URL: https://iz.ru/news/623807/

6. YouTube. Nemnogo statistiki. URL: https://www.youtube.com/about/press

7. Vtoroj po populyarnosti posle "Pervogo kanala": podrobnyj obzor auditorii rossijskogo YouTube, 2018. URL: https://www.sostav.ru/publication/vtoroj-po-populyarnosti-posle-pervogo-kanala-podrobnyj-obzor-auditorii-rossijskogo-youtube-2018-34539.html

8. Dereven' A. S. Osobennosti HR v Gig-ekonomike // Human Rrogress. 2018. Tom 4. № 11. p. 1.

9. Koksharova A. "Tot zhe ofis, tol'ko doma?": kak gig-ekonomika izmenila nashu zhizn'. URL: https://te-st.ru/2019/05/16/gig-economy-research/

10. Groysberg B., Yamazaki M., Sato N., Lane D. Womenomics in Japan // Harvard Business School, Case 417-002, February 2017.

11. Zhenshchiny v biznese: rekordnye rezul'taty / RSPP. Biznes Rossii. URL: http://businessofrussia.com/july-2014/item/755

12. Korneshov A. A. Sovremennyj obraz zhizni naseleniya, kak faktor razrusheniya demogra-ficheskogo potenciala Rossii [Modern lifestyle of the population as a factor in the destruction of the demographic potential of Russia]: avtoref. dis. doktora ekon. nauk: 08.00.05 / Korneshov Aleksej Aleksandrovich. Moskva, 2010.

13. V Rostrude soobshchili, chto tret' rossiyan prodolzhaet rabotat' vo vremya otpuska // TASS 10 sentyabrya 2019. URL: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/6867769

14. Yudina T. N. Slovnik social'nyh boleznej sovremennoj Rossii [Glossary of social diseases of modern Russia] / V kn.: "Gigiena kul'tury: obshchij koncept i vidy social'noj bolezni" / Otv. red.: I. Mad'yari Bek, T. N. Yudina, T. Yu. Kirilina. M. , 2016. pp. 157-172.

15. Frolova E. V. Sociokul'turnye posledstviya informatizacii sovremennogo obshchestva [Sociocultural consequences of the informatization of modern society] / V kn.: "Mirovozzrencheskie i filosofskometodologicheskie osnovaniya innovacionnogo razvitiya sovremennogo obshchestva: Belarus', region, mir": Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii, g. Minsk, 5-6 noyabrya 2008 g. / Institut filosofii NAN Belarusi. Minsk : Pravo i ekonomika, 2008. 540 p.

16. Zhuravlyov S. I. Klipovoe myshlenie kak sposob videniya real'nosti [Clip thinking as a way of seeing reality] // Aspirantskij vestnik Povolzh'ya. 2014. № 7-8. pp. 27-31.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-16-23

УДК 338.45:620.9(571.1/.5)

 

IVAN I. NESTEROV, Advanced Doctor in Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences

VADIM M. ALEKSANDROV, Ph. D. of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Associate Professor

ELENA I. LOBODENKO, Ph. D. of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, Associate Professor

MARCEL A. KADYROV, Technician

Industrial University of Tyumen, Russian Federation, Tumen


PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENERGY STRATEGY OF WESTERN SIBERIA  

Abstract. A historical retrospective of the development of the exploration and oil and gas production sectors in the West Siberian sedimentary rock megabasin is presented, a detailed analysis of the current situation regarding the development of the bowels of Western Siberia is carried out. Currently, the stage of regional substantiation of the oil and gas prospects of large areas and stratigraphic complexes of different ages has almost been completed; now geologists have come to a local forecast of oil and gas potential. Many existing geological and genetic patterns have already been identified, while others have yet to be discovered. The further development of the West Siberian oil and gas province and the strengthening of its strategic role throughout the Russian Federation largely depend on the careful collection, processing, analysis and interpretation of primary geological and geophysical materials available to specialists, on the rational and long-term implementation of complex geological exploration. Possible ways of developing this industry in the current situation are presented, new experimental and methodological approaches and technologies for prospecting and exploring oil and gas fields are described, up to the use of parent organic matter to produce new hydrocarbon compounds and multiple intensification of natural inflows of reservoir fluids from the bowels of the earth.

Key words: exploration efficiency, history of oil and gas production in Western Siberia, subsoil development, energy strategy, map of oil and gas forecasts.

 

REFERENCES

1. Komgort M. V. Otkrytie Zapadno-Sibirskoj neftegazonosnoj provincii i perspektivy promyshlennogo osvoeniya resursnogo potenciala regiona v 1960-e gody [Opening of the West Siberian oil and gas province and the prospects for industrial development of the region’s resource potential in the 1960s] // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2010. № 331. pp. 77-81.

2. Ilyuhin N. P. Neftedobyvayushchaya promyshlennost' Rossii vo vtoroj polovine HKH veka: problemy stanovleniya, perspektivy razvitiya [Oil industry of Russia in the second half of the twentieth century: problems of formation, development prospects]: dis. kand. ekon. nauk / Ilyuhin Nikolaj Petrovich. M. : Rossijskaya ekonomicheskaya akademiya imeni G. V. Plekhanova, 2005. 135 p.

3. Nesterov I. I. Iz istorii osvoeniya Zapadno-Sibirskogo giperbassejna [From the history of the development of the West Siberian hyper-basin] // Izvestiya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Neft' i gaz. 1998. № 4. pp. 4-12.

4. Koleva G. Yu. Sozdanie Zapadno-Sibirskogo neftegazovogo kompleksa v praktike hozyajstvennogo osvoeniya Zapadnoj Sibiri (1964-1989 godah) [Creation of the West Siberian oil and gas complex in the practice of economic development of Western Siberia (1964-1989)]: avtoref. dis. doktora istor. nauk: 07.00.02 / Koleva Galina Yur'evna. Tomsk : TGU, 2007. 40 p.

5. Borodkin V. N., Kurchikov A. R., Komgort M. V. Poiskovo-razvedochnye raboty v severnyh rajonah Zapadnoj Sibiri v istoricheskoj retrospektive i na sovremennom etape [Exploration work in the northern regions of Western Siberia in historical retrospect and at the present stage] // Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanyh i gazovyh mestorozhdenij. 2014. № 6. pp. 16-28.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-24-30

УДК 336.14:631.16:332.1(470)

 

DINARA V. ZUBAIDULLINA, Associate Professor

Bashkir State University, branch, Russian Federation, Republic of Bashkortostan, Sterlitamak

VALENTINA P. KUZNETSOVA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Professor

The Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

 

ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF THE LEVEL OF INITIATIVE BUDGETING IN THE RUSSIAN REGIONS

Abstract. One of the most actively developing forms of interaction between the state, business and the population is proactive budgeting. The involvement of the public sector, its citizens in the economic development of their territories allows them to determine their own priority regional projects, achieve their implementation and monitor the implementation of these works. The most popular projects are in the areas of organizing landscaping and places of mass recreation for citizens, building and repairing roads, arranging playgrounds and street lighting. An author's methodology is proposed for assessing the level of initiative budgeting, which is based on data on the degree of openness of budget data in the regions of the Russian Federation, as well as a rating of the best projects for implementing initiative budgeting in the regions. This technique allows you to assess the level of effectiveness of interaction between the state, business and the population in terms of proactive budgeting. The experience of using the tools of proactive budgeting in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation that scored the most points by the methodology under consideration is considered. According to the analysis of the application of the practice of initiative budgeting in the Russian Federation, the main directions of development of initiative budgeting in the Russian regions are identified.

Key words: proactive budgeting, Local Initiative Support Program, revenue generating projects, infrastructure, open budget data, interaction of state, business and population.

 

REFERENCES

1. Oficial'nyj sajt Nauchno-issledovatel'skogo finansovogo instituta pri Ministerstve finansov RF. URL: https://www.nifi.ru

2. Zubajdullina D. V. Sovershenstvovanie upravleniya regional'nym razvitiem na osnove garmonizacii vzaimodejstviya gosudarstvennoj vlasti, biznesa i naseleniya [Improving the management of regional development based on harmonization of interaction between government, business and the public]: dis. kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.05 / Zubajdullina Dinara Vinerovna. SPb., 2019. 164 p.

3. Doklad o luchshej praktike razvitiya iniciativnogo byudzhetirovaniya v sub"ektah Rossijskoj Federacii i municipal'nyh obrazovaniyah / Ministerstvo finansov RF, Moskva 2018. URL: https://www.minfin.ru/common/upload/library/2018/08/main/IB_2018.pdf

4. Komi voshla v chislo luchshih regionov po razvitiyu iniciativnogo byudzhetirovaniya i otkrytosti byudzhetnyh dannyh. URL: https://www.bnkomi.ru/data/news/72726/

5. Dohodogeneriruyushchie proekty Komi priznany unikal'noj praktikoj iniciativnogo byudzhetirovaniya dannyh. URL: https://komiinform.ru/news/181751

6. Informaciya Krasnoyarskogo kraya po voprosu podgotovki informacionnyh materialov i predlozhenij v proekt itogovogo dokumenta internet-konferencii po teme "Aktual'nye voprosy finansovogo uchastiya grazhdan i organizacij v realizacii proektov, imeyushchih prioritetnoe znachenie dlya naseleniya municipal'nogo obrazovaniya ili ego chasti". URL: http://council.gov.ru/media/files/AVY87w4gC7tVktD1g6Gb2wlpRNsbA40d.pdf

7. Iniciativnoe byudzhetirovanie: yamal'cy mogut rasschityvat' na kusok finansovogo piroga. URL: http://www.newurengoy.ru/news/17502-iniciativnoe-byudzhetirovanie-yamalcy-mogut-rasschityvat-na-kusok-finansovogo-piroga.html

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-31-35

УДК 339.727.3:338(4/9)(479.24) 

 

ZHALYA M. EFENDIEVA, teacher

Azerbaijan State Economic University, Azerbaijan, Baku

 

CURRENT STATE OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR CREDITING IN AZERBAIJAN

Abstract. Various concepts related to the agro-industrial complex and agricultural relations are considered. Its essence and role in the country's economy is revealed. The characteristics of creditors engaged in lending to the agricultural sector are given, and their main economic indicators are analyzed. The dynamics of credit investments in the agricultural sector for 2005-2016 is presented. The data show that, compared with 2005, in 2016 credit investments increased 4.5 times. The development of credit operations in commercial banks was carried out at the expense of customers and other debt obligations. Existing trends are analyzed, and recommendations are given regarding future development prospects. The main trends in the development of the country's agro-industrial complex are analyzed; in particular, a new scientific approach to the essence of the credit system is needed. As a result, a new theoretical base of credit relations between commercial banks and customers should be created, the role of the lending system at the level of commercial banks at the macroeconomic level should be developed, new approaches of commercial banks to the lending system should be developed, it will allow to manage more effective.

Key words: agricultural industry, lending, lending principles, credit institutions.

 

REFERENCES

1. Chayanov A. V. Krest'yanskoe hozyajstvo. M. : Ekonomika, 1989. 492 p.

2. Vyaliev D. A. Regulirovanie v agrarnom sektore: mirovoj opyt i Azerbajdzhan // Narodnaya gazeta. 01 noyabr' 2008. № 244. 3 p.

3. Volodin V. Razvitie sel'skohozyajstvennoj proizvodstvennoj kooperacii v period agrarnoj reformy v Rossii // Mezhdunarodnyj sel'skohozyajstvennyj zhurnal. 2001. № 3. pp. 37-40.

4. Ibragimov E. R. Primenenie kooperacii sel'skogo hozyajstva v Azerbajdzhane. Baku, 2009. 246 p.

5. Ezhegodnye zhurnaly Central'nogo banka Azerbajdzhana. 2015-2016.

6. Dannye Palaty Kontrolya Finansovogo rynka Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki. URL: https://www.fimsa.az/

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-36-44

УДК 339.564.633.511

 

SABINA I. VELIEVA, Doctoral candidate

Center for Agricultural Research of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Azerbaijan Republic, Azerbaijan Republic, Baku

 

CURRENT STATUS OF EXPORTS OF COTTON AND COTTON PRODUCTS AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS

Abstract. In 1995, 17 percent of Azerbaijan's total exports were cotton and 14 percent was cotton yarn. However, as a result of the decline in cotton production and the increase in oil production in the country, this sector has lost its leading position in overall export. State support for the development of cotton growing in Azerbaijan since 2016 reveals itself as an increase in cotton production and exports. If cotton exporter exports from Azerbaijan in 2015 amounted to $ 5 million, in 2018 this amount increased 16 times to $ 79.5 million. Our analysis shows that Azerbaijan has the potential earning more income from this area by deepening cotton processing. In this study, the current situation of cotton exports in Azerbaijan is investigated; relevant proposals are made to increase the export of cotton products.

Key words: agriculture, cotton fiber, cotton yarn, processing, export.

 

REFERENCES

1. Gosudarstvennaya programma razvitiya hlopka v Azerbajdzhanskoj Respublike na 2017-2022 gody. Utv. Ukazom Prezidenta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 13 iyulya 2017 goda. URL: http://www.e-qanun.az/framework/36050

2. The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. URL: https://www.stat.gov.az/source/trade/

3. The State Customs Committee of the Azerbaijan Republic. URL: http://customs.gov.az/en/faydali/gomruk-statistics/

4. Ministry Of Agriculture of the Republic of Azerbaijan. URL: http://www.agro.gov.az/en/bitching/technical-bitkiler/хлопок

5. Sejdaliev N. Yu. Opredelenie vliyaniya effektivnyh norm udobreniya, irrigacii i plotnosti rastenij na urozhajnost' hlopka v rajonah Mil'-Karabah Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki: avtoref. dis. doktora sel'skohoz. nauk. Baku, 2014, 40 p.

6. Sejdaliev N. Yu. Opredelenie plotnosti rastenij, norm poliva i udobrenij dlya povysheniya urozhajnosti hlopchatnika. Gyandzha [Determination of plant density, irrigation standards and fertilizers to increase cotton yield / Aga, 2004. 126 p.

7. Zakon Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki o proizvodstve hlopka. Baku, 11 maya 2010 goda. URL: http://www.e-qanun.az/framework/19873

8. Oficial'nyj internet sajt Prezidenta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki. URL: https://president.az/articles/23214

9. Cotton Incorporated. URL: https://www.cottoninc.com/

10. Trade map. URL: http://www.trademap.org

11. Strategicheskaya dorozhnaya karta dlya perspektiv nacional'noj ekonomiki Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki / Utv. Ukazom Prezidenta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 6 dekabrya 2016 goda [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://president.az/articles/21993

12. Strategicheskaya dorozhnaya karta po proizvodstvu i pererabotke sel'skohozyajstvennoj produkcii v Azerbajdzhanskoj Respublike. Utv. Ukazom Prezidenta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 6 dekabrya 2016 goda [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.president.az/articles/22110

13. Industry Portal of Azerbaidjan. URL: http://senaye.gov.az/en/senaye_zonalari/parks/M_P/

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-45-53

УДК 338.45:664:639.122 

 

IVAN I. GOLUBOV, Advanced Doctor in Economics Sciences Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

IGOR' V. VARESHKIN, livestock, breeder poultry farm

Uglich Poultry Factory JSC, Russian Federation, Uglic

 

INFLUENCE OF DYNAMICS OF GROWTH OF LIVING WEIGHT OF QUAILS ON THE ECONOMY OF PRODUCTION

Abstract. The problem of the influence of dynamics of growth in live weight of quail on the economy of poultry production is considered. The author identified the most significant factors and conditions affecting the development of meat quail farming at the poultry farm: poor management, low level of executive discipline, imperfection of the labor organization system, feeding and keeping of quail, non-observance of veterinary-sanitary and environmental requirements at the poultry farm, etc. The basic conditions for maintaining livelihoods will be considered in the production process, the rate of daily gain in live weight in a dynamic aspect, the influence of timing their content on quantitative and qualitative indicators of production of marketable products. The experiments determined the characteristics of the production process, their variability and organizational relationship with the feed factor. The elimination of identified shortcomings, the implementation of the reserves of the organizational and technological process, industrialization, intensification and modernization of the poultry farm's production activities, the introduction of various types of innovations (copyright and borrowed) are directly aimed at improving the innovation process management mechanism and the effectiveness of this poultry sub-sector. The formulation of this question implies the need for conducting scientific and practical research in specific conditions on the question of how the dynamism of the increase in live weight of quail depending on age manifests itself in the specific conditions of the poultry farm, which is exposed to external and internal positive and negative influences. The identification of the optimal paradigm makes it possible to justify and recommend to the production and managerial personnel of the poultry farm a scientifically based regime of the growing time that they will be quit for their slaughter for food purposes in an economically viable option, the economics of production of quail products in general. For this purpose, the authors prepared a methodological basis for studying the influence of live weight gain on the economic characteristics of poultry production, which can be used to comprehensively realize the potential for production of quail products. This work in re-farming is carried out for the first time.

Key words: quail, factors, growing period, live weight gain, production results, economic efficiency.

 

REFERENCES

1. Danilova T. S. Informacionno-analiticheskaya sistema dlya sbora, hraneniya i analiza nauchnoj i naukometrichnoj informacii [Information and analytical system for the collection, storage and analysis of scientific and scientometric information] / pod red. Yu. Yu. Tarasevicha. 2013. Ch. 2. 31 p.

2. Semenov A. M., Glinushkin A. P., Sokolov M. S. Organicheskoe zemledelie i zdorov'e pochvennoj ekosistemy [Organic farming and soil ecosystem health] // Dostizheniya nauki i tekhniki APK. 2016. T. 30. № 8. pp. 5-8.

3. Belyakova L. S., Varigina E. S., Okuneva T. S. Proizvodstvo yaic i myasa perepelov v sovremennyh usloviyah [Production of eggs and quail meat in modern conditions]. Sergiev Posad, 2011. 88 p.

4. Kavtarashvili A. Sh., Novotorov E. N., Stefanova I. L., Svitkin V. S. Kak povysit' pishchevuyu cennost' yaic bez udorozhaniya kormov [How to increase the nutritional value of eggs without increasing the cost of feed] // Ptica i pticeprodukty. 2019. № 1. pp. 23-26.

5. Rojter Ya S., Degtyareva T. N., Degtyareva O. N. Vyvedenie i produktivnost' myasnyh perepelov porody Radonezhskie [Breeding and productivity of meat quail breed Radonezh] // Ptica i pticeprodukty. 2019. № 2. pp. 50-53.

6. Romanenko Yu. D. Vliyanie organizacionno-ekonomicheskih faktorov na razvitie rynka ovoshchnoj produkcii Moskovskoj oblasti [The influence of organizational and economic factors on the development  of the vegetable market of the Moscow region] // Izvestiya Timiryazevskoj sel'skohozyajstvennoj akademii. 2017. № 3. pp. 159-177.

7. Fisinin V. I. Mirovoe i rossijskoe pticevodstvo: realii i vyzovy budushchego [World and Russian poultry farming: realities and challenges of the future]. M. : Hlebprodinform, 2019. 470 p.

8. Metodicheskie rekomendacii po ocenke myasnoj produktivnosti i kachestva myasa krupnogo rogatogo skota [Guidelines for assessing meat productivity and meat quality in cattle]. M. : VASKHNIL, 1990. 86 p.

9. Rukovodstvo po kormleniyu sel'skohozyajstvennoj pticy [Poultry Feeding Guide] / Egorov I. A., Manukyan V. A., Okolelova T. M. [i dr.]. Sergiev Posad : FNC "VNITIP" RAN, 2018. 226 p.

10. Ushachev I. G. Osnovnye napravleniya social'no: ekonomicheskih issledovanij v agrarnom sektore Rossii [The main directions of social - economic research in the agricultural sector of Russia] // APK: ekonomika, upravlenie. 2014. № 4. pp. 10-18.

11. Golubov I. I. Promyshlennoe perepelovodstvo. Nauchno-proizvodstvennoe izdanie [Industrial quailing. Scientific Production Edition]. M. : Lika, 2014. 350 p.

12. Plohinskij N. A. Rukovodstvo po biometrii zhivotnovodstva. M. : Kolos, 1997. 257 p.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-9-54-59

УДК 338.46:005.511(083.92)

 

OKSANA E. PIROGOVA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Аssociate Professor

ANGELICA A. KORNEEVA, master

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Higher School of Trade and Economics Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

 

A STUDY ON THE IMPROVING SUPPORT OF THE BUSINESS PROCESS

Abstract. The purpose of the article is to develop directions of optimization of the auxiliary business process of the enterprise in the field of accounting services. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to solve the following tasks: to consider the existing mechanism of the auxiliary business process of the company, to analyze the optimization options, to calculate the economic effects of the implementation of both options, to compare the results and make recommendations. This article uses the following research methods: description, comparison, analogy, generalization and analysis. The study showed that the first option to optimize the business process is possible only when switching to the service of the company "First Bit", because it is in this organization can provide a full package of quality maintenance requested by the organization under study. The second option of optimization is more expensive, but the profitability of implementation is very high (67 %), the invested funds will be fully repaid in 1.5 years after the start of modernization, which is also an additional plus for choosing this option. As a result of the analysis, it can be concluded that both options for optimizing the auxiliary business process will increase the efficiency of the entire organization of LLC "Easy for business", the choice of option depends on the capabilities and desires of the head.

Key words: auxiliary business process, 1C server, 1C: Accounting, accounting services.

 

REFERENCES

1. Oficial'nyj sajt OOO "Al'teks". URL: http://www.alteksgroup.ru/

2. Oficial'nyj sajt OOO "Pervyj Bit". URL: https://spb.1cbit.ru/

3. Oficial'nyj sajt OOO "UniKS". URL: http://www.compservice.spb.ru/

4. Servery dlya 1S. URL: https://www.nix.ru/price/price_list.html?section=nix_pc_servers&sch_id=594#c_id=276&fn=379&g_id=277&page=all&sort=%2Bp1003%2B10142

5. Kakoj server nuzhen dlya 1S - vybor serverov dlya 1S 8.2, 8.3. URL: https://www.ittelo.ru/news/vybor-servera-dlya-1c/

6. Plyusy i minusy serverov HP. URL: https://www.ittelo.ru/news/plyusy-i-minusy-serverov-hp/

7. Pirogova O. E., Korneeva A. A. Pokazateli ocenki effektivnosti ispol'zovaniya biznes processov sfery uslug // Global'nyj nauchnyj potencial. 2018. № 12 (93). pp. 178-182.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-60-65

УДК 339.16:005.33 

 

LIUDMILA P. NILOVA, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Аssociate Professor

SVETLANA M. MALYUTENKOVA, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Аssociate Professor

VASILII R. TVERSKOI, Postgraduate

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Higher School of Trade and Economics Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

 

CONSUMER RISKS AND BARRIERS ONLINE TRADE OF NETWORK RETAILERS IN THE E-GROCERY SEGMENT

Abstract. A promising direction in the development of Internet commerce is the e-grocery segment - the Internet trade in consumer goods. Food products of daily demand can be purchased in St. Petersburg on their own websites of retailers or through a unified delivery service of IGoods Systems LLC. The service for purchasing food products via the Internet is used by 18 % of the surveyed Internet users, the main age of which is from 30 to 40 years. 19.5% of consumers have not previously made an online purchase of food products, but intend to use this service. 62.5 % of residents of St. Petersburg prefer to purchase food products on their own at retail, which provides them with a visual assessment of quality, the absence  of a return and overpayment for delivery. A comparative analysis of the assortment of the e-grocery segment using the example of bakery products presented in the main Internet retails of St. Petersburg and the Internet retails of Walmart (USA) and TESCO (Estonia), showed significant differences in the assortment of toast bread and bakery products with additives. Their number in the USA and Estonia exceeds on average more than 27 and 84 times, respectively. The assortment of bakery products in retail is more diverse than hypermarkets on the Internet offer online trading, primarily due to the production of their own bakeries. Barriers to the development of the e-grocery segment are paid delivery, a lengthy procedure for returning low-quality products and a refund.

Key words: e-commerce, retail, consumer, assortment, risks, barriers.

 

REFERENCES

1. GOST R 53056-2008. Tekhnika sel'skohozyajstvennaya. Metody ekonomicheskoj ocenki. 1. Cybovskij V. L., Gorelova T. P. Problemy formirovaniya i funkcionirovaniya retejl-biznesa v usloviyah cifrovoj ekonomiki [The problems of formation and functioning of the retail business in the digital economy] // Vestnik Akademii. 2018. № 1. pp. 10-17.

2. Kim A. S. Sovershenstvovanie kanalov sbyta setevoj roznichnoj torgovli [Improving Network Retail Sales Channels] // Molodoj uchenyj. 2014. № 7.1. pp. 43-45.

3. Goreva M. A. Elektronnaya torgovlya kak effektivnyj kanal sbyta roznichnoj kompanii [E-commerce as an effective sales channel for a retail company] // Internet-marketing. 2013. № 2. pp. 110-115.

4. Nilova L. P., Malyutenkova S. M., Chunin S. A., Naunenko N. V. IOT in the development of information support of food products for healthy nutrition // DTMIS-2018. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2019. 012112.

5. Grewal D., Roggeveen A. L., Nordfalt J. The Future of Retailing // Journal of Retailing. 2017. № 93(1). pp. 1-6.

6. Sachin S. K., Angappa G., Harsh P., Sudhanshu J. Modeling the Internet of Things Adoption Barriers in Food Retailing Supply Chains // Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services. 2019. № 48. pp. 154-168.

7. Sullivan Yu. W., Kim D. J. Assessing the effects of consumers’ product evaluations and trust on repurchase intention in e-commerce environments // International Journal of Information Management. 2018. № 39. pp. 199-210.

8. Liang Ch.-Ch., Liang W.-Ya., Tseng T.-L. Evaluation of intelligent agents in consumer-to-business e-Commerce // Computer Standards & Interfaces. 2019. № 65. pp. 122-131.

9. Nilova L. P., Malyutenkova S. M., Ikramov R. A. Potrebitel'skie predpochteniya v differenciacii pishchevyh produktov [Consumer preferences in food differentiation] // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2019. № 5. pp. 32-37.

10. Perminova K. I. Osobennosti organizacii roznichnoj torgovli prodovol'stvennymi tovarami v seti internet [Features of the organization of retail trade in food products on the Internet] // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal "Sinergiya nauk". 2017. № 11. pp. 106-112.

11. Analitika: prodazha produktov pitaniya v on-lajne (mir i Rossiya). URL: https://rees46.com/blog/index.php/2018/02/16/grocery-market/

12. Nilova L. P., Malyutenkova S. M. Prodovol'stvennaya korzina dlya zdorovogo pitaniya v usloviyah megapolisa [Food basket for a healthy diet in a metropolis] // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2017. № 4. рр. 31-35.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-66-73

УДК 339.13:615.012.8 

 

YERIK B. BUKATOV, Doctoral candidate

Karaganda economic university of Kazpotrebsoyuz, Republic of Kazakhstan, Karaganda

 

FOREIGN EXPERIENCE OF STATE STIMULATION OF THE MARKET OF MEDICINES ON THE EXAMPLE OF ORPHANE DRUGS

Abstract. The foreign experience of government stimulation of the market of orphan drugs is considered. The market of orphan drugs is one of the high-tech and rapidly developing segments of the global pharmaceutical market. Despite this, there are restrictions that impede the development of the market for orphan drugs. The main reason is associated with the huge investments needed for clinical research and drug development. The issue of providing orphan drugs to patients with rare diseases in the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union is extremely acute today, as evidenced by the increased flow of requests from doctors, public organizations and patients with rare diseases. Therefore, in the EAEU countries there is a need to regulate the sphere of circulation of orphan drugs by creating preferences and benefits for manufacturers of orphan drugs, as well as simplifying registration procedures, examinations and clinical trials. EAEU states should create preferences for manufacturers of orphan drugs, as they do in the USA, EU, Japan, Taiwan and other countries. Foreign experience shows that without government support, pharmaceutical companies are not profitable to invest in research and production, largely due to the small number of patients and high costs.

Key words: orphan drugs, rare disease, government incentive, medicines, foreign experience, preferences, privileges. 

 

REFERENCES

1. Olefir Yu. V., Digtyar' A. V., Rychihina E. M. Predposylki i celi ustanovleniya orfannogo statusa lekarstvennogo preparata. Mirovoj opyt i trebovaniya zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. Analiticheskij Obzor [The goal of establishing the orphan status of the drug. World experience in demanding the legislation of the Russian Federation. Analytical Review] // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal prikladnyh i fundamental'nyh issledovanij. 2016. № 6. pp. 335-353.

2. Kosyakova N. V., Gavrilina N. I. Orfannye zabolevaniya - istoriya voprosa i sovremennyj vzglyad na problem [Orphan diseases - background and current view of problems] // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya. 2015. № 2-2. p. 471.

3. Voinova V. YU., SHkol'nikova M. A., Najgovzina N. B. Resursy okazaniya medicinskoj pomoshchi bol'nym s orfannymi zabolevaniyami v razlichnyh stranah [Medical care resources for patients with orphan diseases in various countries] // Doktor. Ru. 2018. № 4 (148). pp. 6-13.

4. Kolbin A. S., Gapeshin R. A., Malyshev S. M. Sovremennye problemy obespecheniya orfannymi lekarstvennymi sredstvami i puti ih resheniya [Modern problems of providing orphan drugs and ways to solve them] // Voprosy sovremennoj pediatrii. 2016. T. 15. № 4. pp. 344-351.

5. Panfilova V. I. Pravovoe regulirovanie obrashcheniya orfannyh preparatov v zarubezhnyh stranah [Legal regulation of the circulation of orphan drugs in foreign countries] // Aktual'nye problemy prava. 2017. № 4. pp. 103-108.

6. Bodnya O. S., Drobik K. I. Redkoe zabolevanie - nasledstvennyj angiootek: kak postavit' diagnoz? [A rare disease hereditary angioedema: how to make a diagnosis?] // Farmateka. 2015. № S1. pp. 15-21.

7. Sabari H. I. Orfannye zabolevaniya, finansovye trudnosti pri zakupke orfannyh preparatov v Rossii [Orphan diseases, financial difficulties in purchasing orphan drugs in Russia] // Nauchnyj al'manah. 2017. № 1-3 (27). pp. 234-237.

8. Nerobeev V. D. Redkie (orfannye) bolezni v epicentre problem nauchno-tekhnicheskogo progressa i sfere kommercheskih interesov farmacevticheskih kompanij [Rare (orphan) diseases at the epicenter of the problems of scientific and technological progress and the sphere of commercial interests of pharmaceutical companies] // Novosti mediciny i farmacii. 2015. № 12 (547). pp. 22-24.

9. Paulden M., Stafinski T., Menon D., McCabe C. Value-based reimbursement decisions for orphan drugs: a scoping review and decision framework // Pharmacoeconomics. 2015 Mar; 33(3):255-69. DOI: 10.1007/s40273-014-0235-x

10. Arnold RJ., Bighash L., Bryon Nieto A., Tannus Branco de Araujo G., Gay-Molina JG., Augustovski F. The role of globalization in drug development and access to orphan drugs: orphan drug legislation in the US/EU and in Latin America // F1000Res. 2015 Feb 27; 4:57. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.4268.1.eCollection2015.

11. Song P., Gao J., Inagaki Y., Kokudo N., Tang W. Rare diseases, orphan drugs, and their regulation in Asia: Current status and future perspectives // Intractable & Rare Dis. Res. 2012. V. 1, № 1. pp. 3-9.

12. Sachek M. M., Hejfec N. E., Ovchinnikova M. Yu., SHpakovskaya A. A. Zarubezhnyj opyt pravovogo regulirovaniya lekarstvennogo obespecheniya pacientov, stradayushchih redkimi (orfannymi) zabolevaniyami [Foreign experience in the legal regulation of drug provision for patients suffering from rare (orphan) diseases] // Voprosy organizacii i informatizacii zdravoohraneniya. 2016. № 4 (89). pp. 17-38.

13. Sabari H. I. Orfannye zabolevaniya - odna iz problem sovremennogo zdravoohraneniya v Rossii [Orphan disease is one of the problems of modern healthcare in Russia] // Nauchnyj al'manah. 2016. № 5-3 (19). pp. 347-351.

14. Soldatov A. A., Avdeeva ZH. I., Alpatova N. A., Medunicyn N. V., Lysikova S. L. Orfannye preparaty, principy ih registracii i primeneniya. Biopreparaty [Orphan preparations, principles of their registration and use. Biological products] // Profilaktika, diagnostika, lechenie. 2015. № 3 (55). pp. 4-16.

15. Lebedev A. A. Redkie zabolevaniya: problemy i perspektivy ih resheniya [Rare diseases: problems and prospects for their solution] // Vestnik obshchestvennogo zdorov'ya i zdravoohraneniya Dal'nego Vostoka Rossii. 2012. № 1. pp. 2-6.

16. Kosyakova N. V. Razvitie farmacevticheskogo rynka orfannyh lekarstvennyh preparatov [The development of the pharmaceutical market for orphan drugs] // Uspekhi sovremennoj nauki i obrazovaniya. 2016. T. 6. № 11. pp. 34-40.

17. Ivanova I. D., Sabari H. I. Redkie zabolevaniya, izmeneniya v obespechenii lekarstvennymi preparatami bol'nyh orfannymi zabolevaniyami [Rare diseases, changes in the provision of drugs to patients with orphan diseases] // Wschodnioeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe. 2018. № 3-2 (31). pp. 51-52.

18. Rozhdestvenskij D. A. Registraciya orfannyh i biotekhnologicheskih preparatov po pravilam EAES [Registration of orphan and biotechnological preparations according to the rules of the EAES] // Voprosy organizacii i informatizacii zdravoohraneniya. 2018. № 2 (95). pp. 76-81.

19. Yаgudina R. I., Kosyakova N. V., Gavrilina N. I. Pravovye aspekty okazaniya medicinskoj i lekarstvennoj pomoshchi pacientam s orfannymi zabolevaniyami v YUFO [Legal aspects of medical and medicinal care for patients with orphan diseases in the Southern Federal District] // Sovremennaya organizaciya lekarstvennogo obespecheniya. 2016. № 1. pp 18-24.

20. Otchet “World Preview 2018, Outlookto 2024” kompaniya “Evaluate Pharma”. URL: https://www.evaluate.com/thought-leadership/pharma/evaluatepharma-world-preview-2018-outlook-2024

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-74-82

УДК 339.7

 

YULIA M. BELYAKOVA, Applicant

Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

INFORMATION-ANALYTICAL PROVISION OF STATE-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN THE FIELD OF DEVELOPMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS: WORLD EXPERIENCE

Abstract. One of the mechanisms of interaction between the state and business is considered - public-private partnership. Over the past thirty years, there has been a reduction in budget financing of infrastructure facilities around the world. These restrictions are associated not only with budget deficits in different countries, but also with the ever-growing need to improve the quality of life of the population. One of the most relevant mechanisms of interaction between the state and private business is the mechanism of public-private partnership (hereinafter - PPP). An assessment of the appropriateness of using the mechanism of publicprivate partnerships and the need to evaluate this interaction, taking into account all the risks inherent in capital-intensive infrastructure projects, is presented. An interpretation of the concept of public-private partnership is proposed taking into account the integrated project risk management, and the accumulated world experience of information and analytical support, including taking into account realized risks and financial losses, is analyzed. Analytical data on financial losses in the framework of implemented infrastructure projects with the participation of public and private partners in countries such as Scotland, England, Ireland are summarized. It is concluded that the information and analytical support provides the state partner with the opportunity to diversify risks, while the private partner receives such advantages as the ability to calculate the probability of consequences on the historical data of projects of one industry, as well as the opportunity to include all possible financial losses in the agreement within the framework of the current project. When implementing public-private partnerships in the Russian Federation, it is proposed to assess the risks associated with the information and analytical support of infrastructure projects. A proposal was made at the legislative level to consider the feasibility of including information and analytical risks in the list of risks assessed in the framework of public-private partnership projects, as well as to oblige both the public and private partners to publish the data on implemented risks, risk diversification measures, hedging instruments and the amount of financial losses when implementing risks.

Key words: public-private partnership, risks, information and analytical support, risk diversification.

 

REFERENCES

1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 13.07.2015 goda № 224-FZ "O gosudarstvenno-chastnom partnerstve, municipal'no-chastnom partnerstve v Rossijskoj Federacii i vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii" v dejstvuyushchej redakcii. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_182660/

2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.07.2005 goda № 115-FZ "O koncessionnyh soglasheniyah" v dejstvuyushchej redakcii dostupno v Internete. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_54572/

3. Gail Sheppard // National University of Ireland, Cork // The Sustainability of Public Private Partnership in Ireland // August 2018. 629 р.

4. Dannye Departamenta finansov Irlandii, 2003 god, 2012 god. URL: https://www.gov.ie/en/organisation/department-of-finance/?referrer=/

5. Reeves E. (2003) Public-private partnerships in Ireland, Public Money & Management, 23(3), pp. 163-170.

6. Hodge G. A., Greve C. (2011) Theorizing Public-Private Success, Public Management Research Conference. Syracuse University, 2-4 June. New York : Themed Panel on Market-Based Alternatives to Government, pp. 1-23.

7. Froud J. (2003) The Private Finance Initiative: risk, uncertainty and the state, Accounting, Organizations and Society, 28(6), pp. 567-589.

8. Gaffney D., Pollock A. M., Price D., Shaoul J. (1999) The private finance initiative: the politics of the private finance initiative and the new NHS, BMJ: British Medical Journal, 319(7204), 249 p.

9. De Bettignies J. E., Ross T. W. (2004) The economics of public-private partnerships, Canadian Public Policy / Analyse de Politiques, 30(2), pp. 135-154.

10. Burger P., Hawkesworth I. (2011) How to attain value for money: comparing PPP and traditional infrastructure public procurement, OECD Journal on Budgeting, 11(1), pp. 91-146.

11. Reeves E., Palcic D. (2017) Getting back on track: the expanded use of PPPs in Ireland since the global financial crisis, Policy Studies, 38(4), pp. 339-355.

12. Pollock A. M., Shaoul J., Vickers N. (2002) Private finance and “value for money” in NHS hospitals: a policy in search of a rationale? Bmj, 324(7347), pp. 1205-1209.

13. Ball R. (2011) Provision of public service infrastructure - the use of PPPs in the UK and Australia: A comparative study, International Journal of Public Sector Management, 24(1), pp. 5-22.

14. Edwards P., Shaoul J. (2003) Partnerships: for better, for worse?, Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, 16(3), pp. 397-421.

15. Coulson A. (2008) Value for money in PFI proposals: A commentary on the UK Treasury Guidelines for Public Sector Comparators, Public Administration, 86(2), pp. 483-498.

16. Monbiot G. A Scandal of Secrecy and Collusion [Электронный ресурс]. URL: https://www.monbiot.com/2004/12/29/a-scandal-of-secrecy-and-collusion/

17. The Centre for Health and the Public Interest (CHPI) [Электронный ресурс]. URL: https://chpi.org.uk/papers/reports/pfi-profiting-from-infirmaries/

18. Hodgson C. How private companies made 831 million building NHS hospitals, in charts. URL: http://uk.businessinsider.com/pfi-report-private-companies-made-831m-from-the-nhs-in-7-char-ts-2017-8

19. Budget 2018: Philip Hammond's speech The Budget speech in full (check against delivery). URL: https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/budget-2018-philip-hammonds-speech

20. Britanskoe gosudarstvenno-chastnoe partnerstvo postavili na pauzu: pravitel'stvo otkazhetsya ot PFI Platforma torgovyh podderzhki kommercheskaya infrastrukturnyh proektov. URL: http://www.pppi.ru/news/britanskoe-gchp-postavili-na-pauzu-pravitelstvo-otkazhet-sya-ot-pfi

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-83-94

УДК 336.1 

 

GEORGY E. MAZIN, Postgraduate

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Department of Corporate Finance and Corporate Governance, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

ASSESSMENT OF THE INFLUENCE OF RISK MANAGEMENT BY MEANS OF DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS ON THE COST OF RUSSIAN PUBLIC COMPANIES

Abstract. Risk management has a significant impact on the market value of Russian public companies. At the same time, the use of various risk control tools has varying importance. The aim of the study is to establish the effect of hedging derivative financial instruments (PFIs) on fair valuation by investors. The study determined whether investors assessed the use of PFIs for hedging purposes as an independent factor affecting the cost, and determined the size of the corresponding premium. To do this, the basic hypotheses were tested: the capitalization and profitability of shares of Russian companies using hedging derivatives, exceeds the market value and profitability of shares of comparable companies that do not have derivatives. The study used a comparative analysis of companies using the Tobin coefficient and analysis of time series in the framework of the three-factor Fama-French model, based on the annual reports of 136 Russian public companies for 2014-2018 (excluding financial and insurance). The three-factor Fama-French model is significant and has sufficient explanatory power. Using the constructed model, more than 25% of fluctuations in portfolio returns can be explained. Nevertheless, the significance of the systematic risk measure and the insignificance of the coefficients mean that the CAPM model for this study is more indicative. The obtained results support empirical studies on the differentiation by investors of companies by the presence or absence of hedging derivative financial instruments. Those Russian public companies that minimize possible risks and thereby reduce the volatility of forecast cash flows are traded on the market with a conditional positive premium.

Key words: risk management, derivative financial instruments, derivatives, hedging, public companies, market value, premium, valuation, capitalization.

 

REFERENCES

1. Petrov E. S. Ocenka vliyaniya sistemy upravleniya riskami na stoimost' predpriyatiya : avtoref. dis. kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.05 / Petrov Evgenij Sergeevich. Kazan', 2008. 148 p.

2. Nikolaev S. S. Vliyanie sistemy upravleniya riskami na izmenenie fundamental'noj stoimosti // Imushchestvennye otnosheniya v Rossijskoj Federacii. 2013. Vypusk 139 (4). pp. 71-78.

3. Sprcic D. M. et al. Does enterprise risk management influence market value - A long-term perspective // Risk Management. 2016. Vypusk 18. № 2-3. pp. 65-88.

4. WFE IOMA 2018 derivatives report // World Federation of Exchanges, 2019. URL: https://www.world-exchanges.org/our-work/articles/wfe-ioma-2018-derivatives-report

5. Финансовый рынок РФ в 2017 году: константы и переменные // Финам. URL: https://www.finam.ru/analysis/forecasts/finansovyiy-rynok-rf-v-2017/

6. Eksportery budut obyazany hedzhirovat' valyutnye riski // Vedomosti. 2017. URL: https://www.vedomosti.ru/economics/articles/2017/03/20/681816-hedzhirovat-valyutnie-riski

7. Allayannis G., Lel U., Miller D. P. The use of foreign currency derivatives, corporate governance, and firm value around the world // Journal of International Economics. 2012. Vypusk 87. № 1. pp. 65-79.

8. Froot K. A., Scharfstein D. S., Stein J. C. Risk management: Coordinating corporate investment and financing policies // The Journal of Finance. 48(5), 1993. pp. 1629-1658.

9. Geczy C., Minton B. A., Schrand C. Why firms use currency derivatives // The Journal of Finance. V. 52. № 4. 1997. pp. 1323-1354.

10. Khediri K. B., Folus D. Does hedging increase firm value? Evidence from French firms // Applied Economics Letters. Vypusk 17, 2010. pp. 995-998.

11. Ayturk Y., Osman A., Yanika G. S. Corporate derivatives use and firm value: Evidence from Turkey // Borsa Istanbul Review. Vypusk 16, 2016. pp. 108-120.

12. Okulov V. L., Skripyuk V. I. Vliyanie hedzhirovaniya riskov na dinamiku cen akcij rossijskih kompanij [The effect of hedging risks on the dynamics of stock prices of Russian companies] // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. 2012. Vypusk 3. pp. 3-23.

13. Spisok cennyh bumag, dopushchennyh k torgam // Moskovskaya birzha. 2018. URL: https://www.moex.com/ru/listing/securities-list.aspx

14. Baza dannyh "Bloomberg". URL: https://www.bloomberg.com/

15. Baza dannyh "Thomson Reuters Datastream". URL: https://emea1.login.cp.thomsonreuters.net

16. Rossiya v cifrah 2018: Kratkij statisticheskij sbornik // Rosstat, 2018. pp. 180-181.

17. Kostyunin V. I. Ekonometrika: uchebnik i praktikum. М.: Yurajt, 2016. pp. 193-197.

18. Panaretou A. Corporate risk management and firm value: evidence from the UK market // The European Journal of Finance. 2014. Vypusk 20. pp. 161-186.

19. Bartram S. M. Corporate hedging and speculation with derivatives // Journal of Corporate Finance. 2017. Vypusk 46. pp. 242-251.

20. Abdullin A. R., Farrahetdinova A. R. Gipoteza effektivnosti rynka v svete teorii finansov [The hypothesis of market efficiency in the light of the theory of finance] // Upravlenie ekonomicheskimi sistemami: elektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2015. № 4. pp. 108-118.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-95-102

УДК 631.162:657.22

 

GALINA A. GORBATKOVА, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Dean

The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, brunch, Russian Federation, Bryаnsk

GALINA A. KULIKOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Bryansk Institute of Management and Business, Russian Federation, Bryansk

 

BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY IN THE MODEL OF INTEGRATION OF ACCOUNTING AND MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING IN THE AGRO HOLDING CONTROL SYSTEM

Abstract. Technological support and improvement of information systems used in domestic management practice, which include accounting and managerial accounting, as well as reporting generated at the level of the state and economic entity, allows to increase the efficiency of not only the listed systems, but the management system as a whole. The authors' choice of the developed model for the integration of accounting and management accounting in the controlling system of blockchain technology is explained by the block structure of the listed accounting systems, built on accounting sections, cost centers, responsibility centers, profit centers. The formalization of accounting and management accounting also predetermined the choice of technology, on the basis of which the authors substantiate the possibility of building or improving the existing system of controlling an agricultural holding. The authors of the article show the information interaction of accounting and management accounting within the framework of the integration model developed by the authors, propose rules for finding ways to optimize costs using general business expenses as an example, fixing a contract in an accounting system, which is necessary to ensure the efficient operation of a simulated system that can function as in an agricultural holding controlling system , and of any large industrial complex.

Key words: blockchain, modeling, accounting, management accounting, controlling.

 

REFERENCES

1. Sokolyuk V. V., Gorbatkova G. A. Znachenie informacii upravlencheskogo ucheta pri ocenke effektivnosti deyatel'nosti segmentov biznesa [The value of management accounting information in assessing the performance of business segments] // Social'no-ekonomicheskoe razvitie soyuznogo gosudarstva v usloviyah globalizacionnyh processov: Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii / Pod red. S. L. Lozhkinoj, G. A. Kulikovoj. 2016. pp. 129-134.

2. Horuzhij L. I., Katkov Yu. N. Kulikova G. A. Uchetno-analiticheskoe i pravovoe obespechenie informacionnoj bezopasnosti organizacij APK [Accounting, analytical and legal support for information security of agricultural organizations] // Buhuchet v sel'skom hozyajstve. 2019. № 3. pp. 54-65.

3. Lozhkina S. L., Gorbatkova G. A., Gorbacheva V. I., Kulikova G. A. Metodologiya ekonomicheskogo analiza deyatel'nosti kommercheskih organizacij [Methodology of economic analysis of the activities of commercial organizations]. Bryansk : OOO "Novyj proekt", 2016. 96 p.

4. Matematicheskie metody i informacionnye tekhnologii obrabotki i analiza ekonomicheskoj informacii: uchebnoe posobie [Mathematical methods and information technology for processing and analysis of economic information: a training manual] / Pod red. G. A. Kulikovoj. Bryansk : OOO "Novyj proekt", 2016. 250 p.

5. Gorbatkova G. A., Kulikova G. A. Uchetno-analiticheskoe i informacionno-kontrol'noe obespechenie biznes-processov deyatel'nosti predpriyatiya [Accounting and analytical and information and control support of business processes of the enterprise] // Buhgalterskij uchet: dostizheniya i nauchnye perspektivy XXI veka: Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii kafedry buhgalterskogo ucheta universiteta. 2016. pp. 90-96.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-103-110

УДК 339.976

 

SERGEY O. KALENDZHYAN, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Professor

ROMAN P. SKLYARENKO, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

DYNAMICS OF THE ECONOMIES OF THE BLACK SEA ECONOMIC COOPERATION ORGANIZATION MEMBER COUNTRIES

Abstract. Brief conclusions based on the results of a comprehensive study of the dynamics of the economies of the BSEC member countries for 1992-2017, carried out in the fall of 2018 on the basis of materials and statistics from international organizations: IMF, UNCTAD, UN Department of Statistics, WTO; reports of the BSEC Regional Organization and the BSEC Bank, the US CIA National Research Center, Harvard Institute and the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation are given. As a result of the study, by compiling summary analytical tables of open statistics relating to the economies of countries belonging to the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, an economic recession has been identified that has befallen the region since the beginning of the 90s, caused by the breakdown of socialist ties. Based on the extrapolation of economic statistics, in the coming years the process of stabilization of economic and political life in the territories of the unrecognized and actually failed states of the Black Sea region is not visible. This circumstance forces Russia, Turkey, Greece and Romania to solve the old regional economic and new political problems with the BSEC tools, which is the only platform for economic dialogue in the context of political confrontation of regional powers.

Key words: Black Sea economic cooperation, international technology transfer, development dynamics of the countries of the Black Sea region, international organization.


REFERENCES

1. Ishchenko A. N., Dianov D. V. Ocenka i sravnenie pokazatelej konkurentosposobnosti na mirovom rynke [Assessmentandcomparisonofglobalcompetitivenessindicators]// Ekonomikaipredprinimatel'stvo. 2015. № 5-2 (58). pp. 773-776.

2. Loshakov A. S. Klyuchevye social'no-ekonomicheskie posledstviya sovremennyh ugroz ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Rossii [Key socio-economic consequences of modern threats to Russia's economic security] // Vestnik ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti. 2015. № 1. pp. 31-32.

3. Loshakov A. S. Ekonomicheskaya bezopasnost' Rossii: aspekt transformacii ugroz [Russia's Economic Security: Threat Transformation Aspect] // V sb.: Obespechenie ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii: primenenie ekonomicheskih mekhanizmov i pravovoe regulirovanie: Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii kursantov, slushatelej i studentov. 2012. рр. 105-107.

4. Loshakov A. S., Dolbilov A. V. Obostrenie ugroz ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti gosudarstva v usloviyah sankcionnogo protivostoyaniya [Exacerbation of threats to the economic security of the state in the context of sanctions] // Ekonomika i upravlenie: problemy, resheniya. 2017. T. 2. № 1. pp. 24-27.

5. Nakova M. R. Sovershenstvovanie zakonodatel'nogo obespecheniya prigranichnogo sotrudnichestva [Improving legislative support for cross-border cooperation] // V sb.: Aktual'nye problemy finansovoj bezopasnosti Rossii: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov po materialam nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2015. pp. 99-104.

6. Kalendzhyan S. O. O rabote nauchnogo soveta po kompleksnoj probleme "Optimal'noe planirovanie i upravlenie narodnym hozyajstvom" AN SSSR (1980-1990-e gody) [About the work of the scientific council on the complex problem "Optimal planning and management of the national economy" of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1980-1990)] // Ekonomika i matematicheskie metody. M. : RAN, Tom 54. № 3. 2018. pp. 153-158.

7. Sklyarenko R. P. Rossiya na mirovom rynke tekhnologij [Russia in the global technology market ] : dis. kand. ekon. nauk : 08.00.14 / Sklyarenko Roman Petrovich. M. : VNIIVES, 2004. 185 p.

8. Sklyarenko R. P. Ekonomicheskoe soderzhanie transgranichnyh konfliktov vokrug vodnyh bassejnov [The economic content of transboundary conflicts around water basins] // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2014. № 4. pp. 24-27.

9. Statisticheskaya baza dannyh YUNKTAD OON. URL: https://unstats.un.org

10. Statisticheskoj bazy dannyh OON. URL: http://data.un.org/

11. Statisticheskoj bazy dannyh MVF. URL: https://www.imf.org/

12. Statisticheskoj bazy dannyh OCHES. URL: https://www.bsec-organization.org

13. Statisticheskoj bazy dannyh CRU SSHA. URL: https://www.cia.gov

 

 

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PEDAGOGY

 

 

 

 

DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-111-116

УДК 611.161.1:378.147

 

ELENA V. PINEVICH, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Аssociate Professor

Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

TEACHING MODEL OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AS FOREIGN WITH THE USE OF ONLINE COURSE

Abstract. The issues related to the use of online courses in the educational process are considered. It is noted that recently great attention has been paid to organizing high-quality and affordable online training using digital technologies. The history of its appearance is described, the advantages of the application are given. It is reported that there are 3 models for using online courses: blended learning, an online course with teacher training, self-study in an online course. It means that students can participate in the learning process regardless of situations and psychological factors, due to the possibility (anywhere and anytime) and motivation. The basic principles of the organization of experimental models of blended learning using an online course in teaching Russian as a foreign language. Attention is drawn to the fact that training is conducted in order to verify the effectiveness of the created online course and in order to intensify the learning process in problem groups. The features of training are described: the contingent participating in the experiment, the number of hours, the principles of selecting educational material, and control issues. At the end of the article, it is indicated that training on blended learning models using the online course has shown good results. Students are happy to attend class and work in the online course. The learning outcomes confirm that most students would like to continue their studies using a blended learning model.

Key words: teaching model, online learning, online learning, online learning, blended learning, experimental learning, digital educational environment.

 

REFERENCES

1. Azimov E. G. Izuchenie metodiki prepodavaniya RKI v massovyh otkrytyh onlajn-kursah povysheniya kvalifikacii [Study of the methods of teaching RCTs in massive open online continuing education courses] // Russkij yazyk za rubezhom. 2017. № 4. pp. 12-18.

2. Grechushkina N. V. Onlajn-kurs: opredelenie i klassifikaciya [Online Course: Definition and Classification] // Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii. 2018. № 6. pp. 125-134.

3. Karasik A. A. Modeli ispol'zovaniya onlajn-kursov v uchebnom processe obrazovatel'nyh organizacij. URL: https://openedu.urfu.ru/

4. Meshcheryakova O. I. Tekhnologii MOOCs i ih ispol'zovanie pri organizacii smeshannogo obucheniya [MOOCs technologies and their use in the organization of blended learning] // Distancionnoe i virtual'noe obuchenie. 2016. № 3. pp. 18-29.

5. Pinevich E. V. Distancionnoe obuchenie: problemy i resheniya [Distance Learning: Problems and Solutions] // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2017. № 6. pp. 106-110.

6. Yurzinova I. L., Nezamajkin V. N. Sovershenstvovanie obrazovatel'nyh tekhnologij s ispol'-zovaniem internet-resursov v celyah povysheniya kachestva nauchnoj raboty studentov i aspirantov vuzov [Improving educational technologies using Internet resources in order to improve the quality of scientific work of undergraduate and graduate students] // Vestnik RGGU. Ser. Ekonomika. Upravlenie. Pravo. 2015. № 3. pp. 127-136.

7. Sovremennaya cifrovaya obrazovatel'naya sreda v RF. URL: http://neorusedu.ru/about

8. Nagaeva I. A. Smeshannoe obuchenie v sovremennom obrazovatel'nom processe: neobhodimost' i vozmozhnosti [Mixed learning in the modern educational process: the need and opportunities] // Otechestvennaya i zarubezhnaya pedagogika. 2016. № 6. pp. 56-67.

9. Prosvirkina I. I., Satretdinova V. A., Yahno M. D., Frolova A. M. Ispol'zovanie modelej smeshannogo obucheniya pri obuchenii govoreniyu [Using of blended learning models in teaching speaking] // Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. 2017. Ch. 4. № 12. pp. 202-205.

10. Hamraeva E. A., Kirienko V. A., Solov'eva A. M. Smeshannoe obuchenie russkomu yazyku kak inostrannomu v programme "Russkij assistent" - novaya real'nost' rossijskoj vysshej shkol. URL: http://ropryal.ru/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/smeshannoe-obuchenie.pdf

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-117-123

УДК 338:378.14-048.35

 

NATALIA I. LAVRIKOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences

VLADIMIR I. LAVRIKOV, Master’s degree

Orel State University named after I. S. Turgenev, Russian Federation, Orel

 

INTELLECTUAL POTENTIAL OF A SPECIALIST-PROFESSIONAL AS A LEADING FACTOR OF MODERNIZATION OF DOMESTIC ECONOMY AND TRANSITION TO NEW TECHNOLOGICAL ORDERS

Abstract. The intellectual potential of professional professionals is considered by the authors as a projection of effective professional activity. The aspects of training of specialists for creative activities in the professional field are disclosed. The characteristic of objective factors that influence the creation of conditions for the realization of the intellectual potential of specialists engaged in professional activities is described. Continuing professional education is considered as one of the leading conditions ensuring the transition of the digital society to Russian society. It acts as a means of increasing the national and global macroeconomic growth of the state. The article contains an analysis of data on the coverage of continuing education in different countries of the world, including Russia. The accelerated development of technologies in various spheres of human life predetermined the need to constantly train specialists and improve the qualifications of professionals, which should ensure a higher level of labor productivity. One of the key tasks of employers in the human resources management system is to protect investments in the development of the intellectual potential of a specialist and his creative professional activity. Some functions of a teacher are described when organizing work with professionals in a continuing education environment. It is concluded that it is necessary to create special organizational and pedagogical conditions for the effective development of intellectual potential.

Key words: Intellectual potential, professional education, digital age, continuing education, specialist-professional.


REFERENCES

1. Rep'ev Yu. G. Modernizaciya professional'nogo obrazovaniya v Rossii (Tradicii i innovacii) [Modernization of vocational education in Russia (Traditions and innovations)] // Rektor VUZa. 2008. № 3. pp. 28-35.

2. Ganzha N. V., Kosheleva A. O. Pedagogicheskoe proektirovanie vnedreniya sinergeticheskogo podhoda v obuchenie slushatelej kursov povysheniya kvalifikacii [Pedagogical design of the introduction of a synergistic approach to the training of students of continuing education courses ] // Istoricheskaya  i social'no-obrazovatel'naya mysl'yu. 2017. Tom 9. № 1. Chast' 1. pp. 145-151.

3. Lavrikova N. I., Kochergina T. I. Politika - ekonomika - socium: aktual'nye processy vzaimodejstviya skvoz' prizmu stanovleniya social'no-ekonomicheskoj sfery sovremennoj Rossii [Politics-economics-society: current processes of interaction through the prism of the formation of the socio-economic sphere  of modern Russia] // Novaya nauka: Sovremennoe sostoyanie i puti razvitiya. 2016. № 8 (98). pp. 240-243.

4. Kosheleva A. O., Uman A. I. Professional'noe obrazovanie: innovacionnaya funkciya [Vocational education: an innovative feature]: monografiya. Orel : Orlovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet imeni I. S. Turgeneva, 2018. 189 p.

5. Model' sistemy obrazovaniya Rossii v perspektive 2020 goda: povorot k ekonomike, osnovannoj na znaniyah. (Imperativ modernizacii) [Model of the Russian Education System2020: A Turn to the Knowledge-Based Economy. (Imperative modernization)] // Vysshee obrazovanie segodnya. 2008. № 5. pp. 4-9.

6. European Association for the Education of Adult (2016) Adult Education in Europe 2016 - A Civil Society View. URL: http://www.eaea.org/media/policy-advocacy/policy-papers/country-reports_full-report09-12-2016_without-marks.pdf

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-124-129

УДК 378.147:629.7

 

ANDREY I. SAVELEV, Senior Lecturer

Military Educational-Research Centre of Air Force "Air Force Academy named after professor N. E. Zhukovsky and Y. A. Gagarin" (Voronezh) of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, branch, Russian Federation, Syzran

 

TRENDS OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF MILITARY PILOT CURSORS

Abstract. The article considers the problem of improving the professional training of cadetsmilitary pilots in a military aviation university by forming team-methodological competence as an important integrative quality of a person. The role of the Armed Forces and military aviation in ensuring the national security of the state is analyzed. The results of the study of the genesis of training of Russian military pilots are reflected, proving its transformation from professional retraining into a multi-stage educational process. The research concept  is a system of ideas aimed at eliminating the contradiction between the existing result of  the educational process in military aviation universities and the need for aviation units  for military pilots, possessing not only skills in the operation and use of combat aviation systems, but also formed by team and methodological competence as a personal quality aviation commander and military educator. The result of one of the stages of the study is  the specification of modern trends in the professional training of cadets-military pilots, their dependence on the directions of development of the Armed Forces and military education  is determined. As one of the directions for improving the quality of professional training of cadets, the author proposes the development and implementation of a pedagogical system for the formation of command and methodological competence, taking into account the specifics of military professional activity. 

Key words: military aviation university, professional training, cadet, military pilot, trends, competence.


REFERENCES

1. Afanas'ev A. N. Globalizaciya sily ili globalizaciya prava? [Globalization of power or globalization of law?] // Yuridicheskij mir. 2008. № 3. pp. 20-23.

2. Strategiya nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii do 2020 goda (utv. Ukazom Prezidenta RF ot 12 maya 2009 g. № 537) // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2009. 19 maya.

3. Osnovy aviacionnoj psihologii i psihologicheskoj podgotovki kursantov VVAUL [Fundamentals of Aviation Psychology and Psychological Training of VVAUL Students]: Mat. k lekciyam / Pod red. V. A. Ponomarenko. M. : VVS, 1990.

4. Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Yu. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo yazyka [Explanatory dictionary of the Russian language 4th ed]. 4-e izd. M., 1999. 943 p.

5. Danilaev D. P., Malivanov N. N. Sovremennye usloviya i struktura vzaimodejstviya vuzov, studentov i rabotodatelej [Modern conditions and structure of interaction between universities, students and employers] // Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii. 2017. № 6.

6. Asanov A. A. Letnoe obuchenie v strukture pedagogicheskoj sistemy [Flight training in the structure of the pedagogical system] // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i social'no-ekonomicheskih nauk: special'nyj vypusk, posvyashchennyj III Vserossijskoj pedagogicheskoj nauchnoj konferencii "Problemy i sovremennye napravleniya razvitiya obrazovaniya". Syzran', 2018. pp. 142-145.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-130-135

УДК 378.12:331.101.3:796.015.83

 

GALINA A. GUTUROVA, Senior Lecturer

SERGEY A. DAINEKO, Senior Lecturer

OLGA N. OPALEVA, Senior Lecturer

Bryansk State Academician I. G. Petrovski University, Russian Federation, Bryansk

 

ACTIVATION OF EDUCATIONAL AND COGNITIVE MOTIVATION OF FUTURE PHYSICAL CULTURE TEACHERS

Abstract. Distinctive changes in the professional growth of future physical education teachers at the beginning of the 21st century come to the fore and become more relevant due to the fact that a dynamically developing society needs healthy, educated, creative, independent, competitive individuals. The main link in the problem of the integral formation of the personality of the future teacher of physical education in the learning process is the development of the educational and cognitive sphere of activity. Educational and cognitive activity of students largely depends on the motives of learning. Students' motivation is not a sustainable education; it is constantly changing under the influence of various external and internal factors. The aim of the study was to study the educational motivation of future teachers of physical education, which is considered as a necessary condition for ensuring the effectiveness of vocational training. In the study, such methods as “Motivation for studying at a university” according to T. I. Ilina were used to diagnose the educational motivation of students A. A. Rean and V. A. Yakunin in the modification of N. Ts. Badmaeva and a test questionnaire for the orientation of educational motivation by T. D. Dubovitskaya. The obtained results of the study of the motivation for the educational activities of students of the Faculty of Physical Education during all four years of study at the university made it possible to conclude that modern (innovative) methods, programs and technologies (physical education and health technologies, quest technologies, information technologies) were introduced into the educational process, etc.; make the most of educational electronic resources (MOODLE). 

Key words: motive, cognitive, professional motives, internal and external motives of educational activities, physical education, students.


REFERENCES

1. Kursaeva I. M. Izmenenie uchebnoj i professional'noj motivacii studentov vuza v processe professional'nogo obucheniya [Changes in the educational and professional motivation of university students in the process of vocational training] // Vestnik Buryatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2009. № 5. pp. 193-198.

2. Lavrent'eva I. V., Ignatenko K. M. Vyyavlenie uchebno-professional'noj motivacii v processe obucheniya v vuze (na materiale testirovaniya studentov-defektologov 1-3 kursov) [Identification of educational and professional motivation in the learning process at the university (based on testing materials of defectologists of 1-3 courses)] // Molodoj uchenyj. 2015. № 6. pp. 778-783.

3. Bozhovich L. I. Problemy formirovaniya lichnosti: Izbrannye psihologicheskie trudy [Problems of personality formation: Selected psychological works] / Pod red. D. I. Fel'dshtejna. M. : Moskovskij psihologo-social'nyj institut, 2001. 352 p.

4. Verbickij A. A., Bakshaeva N. A. Psihologiya motivacii studentov [Psychology of student motivation: uchebnoe posobie]. M. : Yurajt, 2016. 180 p.

5. Obraz N. N. Razvitie poznavatel'noj motivacii budushchih perevodchikov kak faktor ih professional'nogo stanovleniya [The development of cognitive motivation of future translators as a factor in their professional development] // Vestnik Bryanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2017. № 4 (34). pp. 321-326.

6. Dubovickaya T. D. Metodika diagnostiki napravlennosti uchebnoj motivacii [Methodology for diagnosing the orientation of educational motivation] // Psihologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. 2002. № 2. pp. 42-45.

7. Vasil'eva E. Yu., Tomilova M. I. Dinamika i harakter uchebnoj motivacii studentov medicinskogo vuza na raznyh etapah obucheniya [The dynamics and nature of the educational motivation of students of a medical university at different stages of training] // Ekologiya cheloveka. 2007. № 6. pp. 34-39.

8. Gutorova G. A., Shkityr' O. N., Podlesskaya O. N., Dajneko S. A. Cennostnye orientacii nazdorovyj obraz zhizni pri osvoenii obshchekul'turnyh kompetencij v processe zanyatij fizicheskoj kul'turoj [Valuable orientations towards a healthy lifestyle in the development of general cultural competencies in the process of physical education] // Uspekhi sovremennoj nauki i obrazovaniya. 2017. T. 2. № 4. p. 20.

8. Il'in E. P. Motivaciya i motivy [Motivation and motives. ]. SPb. : Piter, 2008. 508 p.

9. Ukrainceva Yu. A. Primenenie fitnes tekhnologij (programm) kak faktor povysheniya motivacii k professional'noj deyatel'nosti budushchih uchitelej fizicheskoj kul'tury [Using of fitness technologies (programs) as a factor in increasing motivation for the professional activities of future physical education teachers] // Ekonomicheskie i gumanitarnye issledovaniya regionov. 2018. № 5. p. 114.

10. Ukrainceva Yu. A., Dajneko S. A., Gutorova G. A. Primenenie sredstv ozdorovitel'nyh tekhnologij dlya uluchsheniya fizicheskogo razvitiya i dvigatel'nyh kachestv [The use of wellness technologies to improve physical development and motor qualities] // Upravlenie innovaciyami: Teoriya, metodologiya, praktika. 2014. № 11. pp. 121-124.

11. Tuning Educational Structures in Europe. Line 1. Learning Outcomes/ Competences. Methodology. 2011-2013. Phase 1 / http://www.relintdeusto.es/TuningProject/index.htm pp. 89-95.

12. Rahmenlehrplan fur den Ausbildunsberuf Berufskraftfahrer / Berufskraftfahrerin. BIBB, 2009. pp. 136-143.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-136-142

УДК 378.14:796.9

 

YURIY D. OVCHINNIKOV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

KRISTINA S. PIGIDA, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Deputy Dean

IVAN P. KOTKOVETS, Master’s degree

Kuban State University of Education, Sport and Tourism, Russian Federation, Kuban

 

THE STUDY OF BIOMECHANICS OF MOTOR ACTIONS OF SANDBODIES

Abstract. Recently, there are new sports that require theoretical and analytical study and psychology of perception. Sandboarding, a new sport which consists of riding a snowboard on sand dunes, dunes, or mounds in open pits instead of the snowy mountains. Material. This exotic sport is common in those countries where there are desert sandy areas or coastal areas with sand dunes, for example in Australia, Egypt, Iran, Brazil, Namibia. In these countries, this sport also plays the role of exotic tourism. In Russia this sport is not developed well because of its rekultiviruemye, but draws its extremity as a time of leisure. The study of the technology of skiing, showed its similarity with snowboarding, some athletes tie their feet to the boards on which they ride, with the help of special straps, while some prefer to use boards without straps. In the scientific literature, sandboarding is not consecrated enough as a sport. The problem of research. The authors show that the study of biomechanics of motor actions of sandbodies will not only perceives sport and leisure person, but also enter new structural psychological level of understanding of the main scientific problems of biomechanics - the human body in space. Research task. The task of this scientific study is to determine the picture of the forces acting on the kinematic characteristics of motion. Method of research. Analysis of biomechanical characteristics in different aspects of motion. Research result. As a result of studying the theoretical and methodological foundations of a new sport depending on geographical factors and special equipment, the main biomechanical characteristics that influence the movement of an athlete engaged in sandboarding are identified. 

Key words: sandboarding, extreme sports, weight, gravity, biomechanics, fulcrum.


REFERENCES

1. Buryakina S. A., Karmazanovskij G. G. Klinicheskoe znachenie kontrastnyh issledovanij. Chast' 1. Perifericheskoe krovoobrashchenie. Osnovnye ponyatiya fiziologii i biomekhaniki [The clinical significance of contrast studies. Part 1. Peripheral circulation. Basic concepts of physiology and biomechanics] // Medicinskaya vizualizaciya. 2011. № 2. pp. 125-134.

2. Gladkov A. V., Hanaev A. L. Biomekhanicheskie harakteristiki vrozhdennogo skolioza [Biome-chanical characteristics of congenital scoliosis] // Hirurgiya pozvonochnika. 2004. № 2. pp. 53-57.

3. Grecheneva A. V., Dorofeev N. V., Kuzichkin O. R. Modelirovanie kostno-sustavnoj biomekhaniki cheloveka na osnove fazometricheskih, goniometricheskih izmerenij [Modeling of osteoarticular human biomechanics based on phase, goniometric measurements] // Biotekhnosfera. 2018. № 1 (55). pp. 2-7.

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-69-6-143-149

УДК 159.923

 

AIDA N. MAGOMEDOVA, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor

Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Russian Federation, Republic of Dagestan, Makhachkala

 

INTEGRATION OF THE CONTENT OF SCIENTIFIC DIRECTION - BIOETHICS WITH THE PROCESS OF EDUCATION AND EDUCATION OF PERSONALITY

Abstract. The article is based on an analysis of the processes takies place in society, education and science, proposes to integrate the content of the scientific field - bioethics with the process of education and upbringing of the individual. Currently, the content of the scientific direction - bioethics scientists, makes a significant contribution to the study of bioethical issues in the field of ecology, biomedicine, the preparation of public consciousness for the perception of bioethical ideas in the educational system and in the media. In our original interpretation, bioethics is an integral science, a subject, a worldview, a new kind of human wisdom based on the use of scientific knowledge to ensure social benefits. The problem of studying the phenomenon of the integration of bioethics with the process of education and upbringing of an individual is relevant, first of all, in the light of the crisis phenomena in the processes of socio-economic and political reform of Russia and their ambiguous influence on the spiritual and moral education of the young generation. And, the modernization processes in Russian education, taking place in the context of the restructuring of formal and nonformal education, the destruction of the educational and educational paradigm of the 20th century and the still not formed new pedagogical paradigm, also make bioethical reflection in the upbringing of the younger generation necessary.

Key words: science, integration, bioethics, educational standard, upbringing, educational process, ecological and bioethical orientation, bioethical education, moral and ethical basis.

 

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