THE INTERNATIONAL
SCIENTIFIC
JOURNAL

Contents

ECONOMY 

Lavrikova N. I.

Features of the system approach to the development of address state policy in the socio-economic sphere

 
7

Pirogova O. E., Makarevich M. L.

Research of problems of increasing the well-being of citizens of the Russian Federation

 
14

Karmanova A. E.

Virtual tourism: conceptual problems of implementation and prospects for development

 
21

Pirogova O. E., Yemelyanov A. N.

Economic substantiation of creating a waste disposal system for service businesses

 
28

Tishutin A. A.

Tax potential of the region in the system of interbudgetary relations

 
34

Rozhkova O. N.

Express evaluation of efficiency of use of production resources of the enterprise

 
43

Shestakov R. B., Yakovlev N. A.

Some of the forecast function aspects in an agricultural production foresight-process

 
48

Esina Y. L., Stepanenkova N. M.

Approaches and methods for determining investment attractiveness of the agricultural sector in the Lipetsk region

 
55

Chutcheva Yu. V., Korotkikh Yu. S.

Technical support of agriculture in periods of economic transformation

 
61

Golubov I. I.

Efficiency of using innovative material of natural character in agriculture: shungit

 
66

Stratonovich Yu. R.

Improvement of management of the meat cattle industry in the Russian Federation based on cooperation and integration

 
73

Cherkashina T. A., Kalabin M. A.

To the question of assessing residential real estate in mortgage loan

 
82

Dmitriev S. P., Sinelnikova O. V., Khezhev A. M.

Analysis of financial stability of credit organizations problems

 
88

Shamaeva E. F., Goryunova E. A.

The basics of methodology of integral estimation of the quality of life of sustainable development and social powers

 
95

 

 

PEDAGOGY 

Maksakova S. P.

On a cadet’s cognitive activity in a foreign languages teaching process in military institutions

 
102

Pinevich E. V., Petrova G. M.

Methods of creating control and measuring materials on russian as a foreign language for pre-bachelor and pre-masters

 
110

Konoplin N. A., Prishchep V. L., Morozov A. V.

Expanding the possibility of a training laboratory experiment in the course of general physics using mobile electronic devices

 
122

Tarasenko A. A., Ovchinnikov Y. D., Nesterov V. M.

Teaching biomechanics: a case-study

 
129

 

 

 

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ECONOMY

 

 

 

 

DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-67-3-7-13

УДК 338.2

 

NATALIA I. LAVRIKOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Scienses

The Academy of the Federal Guard Service of the Russian Federation, Russian Federation. Moscow

 

FEATURES OF THE SYSTEM APPROACH TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF ADDRESS STATE POLICY IN THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC SPHERE

Abstract. The specific conditions of the formation and implementation of targeted state policy in the socio-economic sphere are examined, the need for reforming public life, the implementation of a competent and effective socio-economic policy, as well as the systematic organization of targeted assistance to various population groups is substantiated. Also the studies in theoretical science of theoretical and practical issues of targeted state policy in the socio-economic sphere according to logical directions are briefly analyzed. The necessity of studying the system of social and economic priorities in relation to each other is proved. All actions carried out by the state in the development of modern targeted socio-economic policies are divided into three stages with the corresponding characteristics. Effective moderation as modern technology and the art of public policy was studied, and each of the moderation processes was examined in detail. It is concluded that state policy in the social sphere is a system of government measures aimed at solving social problems, achieving and realizing the generally significant development goals of the whole society or its individual spheres. The concept of socio-economic sphere is disclosed in a wide and narrow context. The hierarchical structure of the conceptual apparatus of the socio-economic sphere is compiled.

Key words: address public policy, economic policy, social sphere, systematic approach, competitive socio-economic climate, implementation of the system of program principles, quality of life, moderation.

 

REFERENCES

1. Marks K., Engel's F. Sochineniya. V 50-ti tomah. 2-e izd. M., 1955-1981.

2. Veber M. Raboty M. Vebera po sociologii, religii i kul'ture / AN SSSR, INION, Vsesoyuz. mezhved. centr nauk o cheloveke pri prezidiume. Vyp. 2. M. : INION, 1991. 301 p.

3. Kravchenko A. I. Sociologiya: uchebnik. M. : Yurajt, 2011. 523 p.

4. Kutuev P. Zavisimost', nedorazvitie i krizis v sociologii razvitiya nedorazvitiya Andre Gundera Franka: kriticheskij analiz // Sociologiya: teoriya, metody, marketing. 2003. № 4. pp. 110-129.

5. Lenski Gerhard E. Power and Privilege: A Theory of Social Stratification. University of North Carolina Press, 1984. 495 p.

6. Zaslavskaya T. I., Ryvkina R. V. Ekonomicheskaya sociologiya i perestrojka / Pod red. T. I. Zaslavskoj, R. V. Ryvkinoj. M. : Progress, 1989. 232 p.

7. Sokolova G. N., Kobyak O. V. Ekonomicheskaya sociologiya: Kurs lekcij. 3-e ster. izd. Mn. : Akademiya upravleniya pri Prezidente Respubliki Belarus', 2005. 188 p.

8. Verhovin V. M. Ekonomicheskaya sociologiya / Pod red. V. I. Demina. M. : IMT, 1998. 444 p.

9. Radaev V.  V.  Ekonomicheskaya sociologiya: perspektivy razvitiya //  Sociologiya v Rossii / Red. V. A. Yаdov. 2-e izd. M. : Institut sociologii RAN, 1998. pp. 253-263.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-67-3-14-20

УДК 330.12.001.57(470)

 

OKSANA E. PIROGOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Scienses, Professor

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University,

Higher School of Service and Trade,

Institute of Industrial Management, Economics and Trade, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MARINA L. MAKAREVICH, Ph. D. of Historical Scienses, Professor

The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration,

North-Western Institute of Management, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg


RESEARCH OF PROBLEMS OF INCREASING THE WELL-BEING OF CITIZENS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 

Abstract. The main problems of improving the welfare of citizens of the Russian Federation are considered, an assessment of the current state of living standards of the population is given. In the process of the study, an assessment was made according to three interrelated laws: on the minimum wage, on the subsistence minimum, on the consumer basket, and their influence on the level of well-being of Russian citizens was examined. As a result of the analysis, it was found that raising the minimum wage to the subsistence level of the ablebodied population in Russia as a whole for the second quarter of the previous year without a significant revision of the composition and quantitative indicators of the consumer basket cannot significantly improve the living standards of Russian citizens. Currently, the consumer basket does not contain such important services from the point of view of the quality of life of the population as mobile communications, the Internet, which is unacceptable in the context of the digitalization of the Russian economy. It is also noted that the recommended composition of the consumer basket depends on the region where citizens live. It is concluded that to improve the well-being of Russians it is not enough to increase the minimum wage. At the same time, it is necessary to establish minimum wages for certain professional groups, as well as to think up raising factors for setting tariff rates, salaries, official salaries for employees of higher qualifications. Without taking into account the qualifications of the employee, an increase in the minimum wage will lead to equalization in the sphere of wages, a decrease in the motivation for successful work and, consequently, a decrease in the growth of labor productivity.

Key words: cost of living, welfare of citizens, minimum wage, consumer basket, living standards of the population.

 

REFERENCES

1. Trudovoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 30.12.2001 goda № 197-FZ (red. ot 27.12.2018) / SPS Konsul'tant  Plyus  [Elektronnyj  resurs].  URL:  http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34683

2. Famekhov R. Bednost' v Rossii: desyatki millionov za chertoj [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://m.gazeta.ru/business/2018/05/09117455109.shtml

3. Naselenie  v  Rossii  sokratilos'  vpervye  za  desyat'  let  [Elektronnyj  resurs].  URL:  https://ria.ru/20190123/1549800831.html

4. Konstituciya Meksiki [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.vivamexico.ru/2011/11/constitution_of_mexico/

5. Kodeks zakonov o trude 1918 goda / Sobranie Uzakonenij i Rasporyazhenij Rabochego i Krest'yanskogo Pravitel'stva RSFSR. 1918. № 87-88. St. 905.

6. Zakon RSFSR ot 19.04.1991 goda № 1028-1 (red. ot 30.03.1993 goda) «O povyshenii social'nyh garantij dlya trudyashchihsya» [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_3179/

7. Federal'nyj zakon ot 24.10.1997 goda № 134-FZ (red. ot 29.07.2018 goda) «O prozhitochnom minimume v Rossijskoj Federacii» [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_16565/

8. Federal'nyj zakon «O potrebitel'skoj korzine v celom po Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 03.12.2012 goda № 227-FZ v red. ot 28.12.2017 goda [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_138547/

9. Rossijskij statisticheskij ezhegodnik. 2018 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.gks.ru/bgd/red4b18_13/main.htm

10. Informacionno-pravovoj  portal  Garant.Ru  [Elektronnyj  resurs].  URL:  http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/72039612/#ixzz5ivWHUEaK

11. Federal'naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoj statistiki [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/urov/vpm/projmin.html

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-21-27

УДК 338.48

 

ANNA E. KARMANOVA, Assistant

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University,

Higher School of Service and Trade,

Institute of Industrial Management, Economics and Trade, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

 

VIRTUAL TOURISM: CONCEPTUAL PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION AND PROSPECTS FOR DEVELOPMENT

Abstract. The article reflects the problems of introducing an innovative product - virtual tourism into the tourist services market. The definition of this term is presented. Tourism is one of the leading and fastest growing sectors of the economy and for its rapid growth  it has been recognized as an economic phenomenon of the century. Modern types of travel have undergone many changes and virtual tourism is gaining popularity among Internet users all over the world. Virtual tourism is a spatial movement of an individual over time and terrain, possible by means of high-tech systems. At present, such virtual travels are possible only for Internet users in the form of interactive panoramas of famous landmarks and historical monuments. The article describes the term “virtual tourism”, the stages of its formation and development. Displayed materials on the importance of introducing virtual tourism to the market. The authors propose to consider the main problems of popularization of this direction. Conducted a detailed review. Presents conclusions and arguments about the prospects for development. The objectives of the study are: consideration of the main stages of the formation of virtual tourism, analysis of development problems and prospects for implementation in the tourism industry market. Used research methods: the collection and processing of literary sources and materials on the Internet.

Key words: virtual tourism, travel, virtual reality. innovation, internet, communication, tourism.

 

REFERENCES

1. Virtual'nyj tur [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/

2. Desfontejnes L. G. Kadrovaya politika na predpriyatiyah sfery servisa // V sb.: Innovacii, kachestvo i servis v tekhnike i tekhnologiyah: sbornik nauchnyh trudov 7-j Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoprakticheskoj konferencii / Otv. red. A. A. Gorohov. 2017. pp. 90-94.

3. Virtual'nye  puteshestviya  [Elektronnyj  resurs].  URL:  http://travellife.com.ua/virtual-tours/virtualnyie-puteshestviya-turyi-ekskursii-progulki.html

4. Obzor gadzhetov [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://v2.godsterz.com/topic/gadzhety-2016

5. Il'ina O. V. Metodologicheskie osnovy formirovaniya professional'noj gotovnosti specialistov k innovacionnomu proektirovaniyu v servisnoj deyatel'nosti // Sovremennaya nauka: aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki. Seriya: Ekonomika i pravo. 2016. № 4. pp. 112-117.

6. Karpova G. A, Horeva L. V. Klassifikaciya v turizme: praktika i metodologiya // Izvestiya SanktPeterburgskogo universiteta ekonomiki i finansov. 2012. № 2. pp. 64-69.

7. Universitet ITMO. Tekhnopark [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://technopark.ifmo.ru/virtualnaya-realnost-prognozy-i-ostrye-voprosy - Виртуальная реальность: прогнозы и острые вопросы

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-28-33

УДК 338.46-027.32/33 

 

OKSANA E. PIROGOVA, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

ANTON N. YEMELYANOV, Undergraduate

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University,

Higher School of Service and Trade,

Institute of Industrial Management, Economics and Trade, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

 

ECONOMIC SUBSTANTIATION OF CREATING A WASTE DISPOSAL SYSTEM FOR SERVICE BUSINESSES

Abstract. Nowadays, the service sector is an indicator of its development and determines its role in the world economy. The article considers the strengthening of the trend of service enterprises to improve energy efficiency, reduce the impact on the environment. The study identified the main directions of environmental innovations that are relevant for service enterprises. Among the selected areas for service companies, a special place is occupied by waste processing, the importance of which is determined by such factors as efficiency, safety, environmental friendliness, resource conservation, reputation and social significance. To determine the optimal ways of sorting and processing, recommended at the enterprises of service activities, the classification of waste by color was given, the scheme of waste processing at the processing complexes was developed, according to which, the consumption of products by the enterprises of service activities, utilization and secondary use of waste is a closed cycle. Also, the article presents the methodology of ecological and economic justification of the creation of a complex of waste processing at warehouse facilities of service enterprises, which includes several stages: preparatory, settlement and analytical and final. At the preparatory stage, it is necessary to determine the processing technology, the capacity of the complex, the location and the source of funding.  As part of the calculation and analytical stage is  a method of calculating the cost of building a complex, waste transportation, purchase of equipment and automation of the processing. The final stage consists in the calculation of such indicators as NPV, IRR, PI and DPP and management decision-making.
Key words: services sector, waste products, processing complexes, resource saving.

 

REFERENCES

1. Blau S. L. Investicionnyj analiz: uchebnik dlya bakalavrov. M. : Izdatel'sko-torgovaya korporaciya Dashkov i K°, 2014. 256 p.

2. Bogatyreva S. V., Titov A. B., Kupriyanova M. Yu. Genezis klassicheskoj formuly ekonomicheskoj effektivnosti v prinyatii upravlencheskih reshenij // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2017. № 2. pp. 55-62.

3. Kiverin S. Yu. Ekonomicheskaya i tekhnologicheskaya effektivnost' utilizacii i pererabotki tverdyh bytovyh othodov (tbo) v gorode Moskva // Biznes v zakone. 2011. № 1. pp. 183-184.

4. Matyagina A. M., Smirnova E. V. Ekologicheski otvetstvennyj biznes. M. : FORUM, 2011. 192 p.

5. Niskovskaya E. V. Ocenka vozdejstviya na okruzhayushchuyu sredu i ekologicheskaya ekspertiza: uchebno-metodicheskij kompleks. M. : Prospekt, 2017. 596 p.

6. Pirogova O. E. Upravlenie razvitiem predpriyatiya na osnove konvergencii koncepcij stoimostnogo upravleniya i ustojchivogo ekonomicheskogo razvitiya // Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2013. № 3. pp. 69-75.

7. Pirogova O. E. Ekologicheskie aspekty ustojchivogo razvitiya v deyatel'nosti torgovyh predpriyatij // Tekhniko-tekhnologicheskie problemy servisa. 2014. № 4(30). pp. 95-98.

8. Hasanova V. K., Shil'nikova N. V. Problema utilizacii promyshlennyh othodov v Rossii na sovremennom etape ee razvitiya //  Vestnik Kazanskogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta. 2012. № 2. pp. 76-78.

9. Federal'naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoj statistiki [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.gks.ru/

10. Idei i den'gi [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.ideasandmoney.ru/Ppt/Details/297407

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-34-42

УДК 332:336.22 

 

ANDREY A. TISHUTIN, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Moscow State University of Humanities and Economics, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

TAX POTENTIAL OF THE REGION IN THE SYSTEM OF INTERBUDGETARY RELATIONS

Abstract. Main indicators of income, as well as subsidies for equalizing budgetary security, credited to the budgets of the territories in 2017-2018, are considered. The indicator of the ratio of subsidies for equalizing budget revenues to consolidated budget funds was calculated in order to reflect the real figures of federal budget assistance - territorial. The main issues that impede the exercise of regional powers and the implementation of the main principle of the budget structure - the independence of the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are considered. The main issues of growth of tax potential and sources of financing the powers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are considered. The article describes measures that can increase the tax potential of constituent entities of the Russian Federation: a system of regulatory taxes, an investment component, control over tax collection, changes in the structure of territorial budgets. The article examines the directions of budget policy that can contribute to the growth of tax potential, namely: the settlement of sources of financing the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the development of effective development programs, the compliance of the financing of the budgets of the territories with the powers that they fulfill, the introduction of new transfer relations mechanisms that have provided the best effect for territories. The article calculates the tax potential on the basis of tax revenue and gross domestic product of all constituent entities of the Russian Federation, which differs from the current calculation methodology by the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation and can be used to calculate transfers for equalizing the budgetary provision of the regions. The principles of developing amendments to the current legislation of the Russian Federation regarding inter-budget transfers are proposed, namely: changing forms of inter-budgetary incentives, developing regional incentive methods, transforming the structure of fixed taxes, monitoring the growth of debt of territories, taking into account the phases of economic cycles and inflationary processes.

Key words: tax potential, intergovernmental transfers, budget, tax policy, revenue base of the region, gross regional product.

 

REFERENCES

1. Preobrazhenskij B. G. Mezhbyudzhetnye otnosheniya v mirovoj i rossijskoj praktike. Voronezh : Izdatel'stvo Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2013. pp. 160-168.

2. Gorskij I. V. Nalogovyj potencial v mekhanizme mezhbyudzhetnyh otnoshenij // Finansy. 1999. № 6. pp. 24-38.

3. Igonina L. L., Kusareva D. E. O metodikah ocenki nalogovogo potenciala regiona - sub"ekta RF // Ekonomicheskij vestnik Rostovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2009. Tom 7. № 4. (chast' 2). pp. 197-201.

4. Slepov V. A., Shuba V. B., Burlachkov V. K. Prioritetnye napravleniya razvitiya mezhbyudzhetnyh otnoshenij // Finansy. 2009. № 3. pp. 35-47.

5. Smyagchihin S. V. Mezhbyudzhetnye otnosheniya v Rossii na sovremennom etape // Sovremennye tendencii v ekonomike i upravlenii: novyj vzglyad. 2014. № 25. pp. 47-51.

6. Teterin Yu. A. Problemy mezhbyudzhetnyh otnoshenij v Rossii // Molodoj uchenyj. 2015. № 3. pp. 520-523 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://moluch.ru/archive/83/15221/

7. Saprykina T. V., Lisickij D. S. Ocenka nalogovogo potenciala regiona v usloviyah ekonomicheskih sankcij // Fundamental'nye issledovaniya. 2017. № 8-2. pp. 442-447.

8. Simonov A. Yu. Nalogovyj potencial // Molodoj uchenyj. 2014. № 1. pp. 423-425.

9. Sugarova I. V. K voprosu o sushchnostnyh harakteristikah nalogovogo potenciala regiona // Nalogi i nalogooblozhenie. 2013. № 10. pp. 17-18.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-43-47

УДК 631.11.003.13

 

Olga N. ROZHKOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

EXPRESS EVALUATION OF EFFICIENCY OF USE OF PRODUCTION RESOURCES OF THE ENTERPRISE

Abstract. The main approaches to assessing the effectiveness of business entities in general terms and the efficiency of using the enterprise’s production resources, as well as the relationship of these concepts are considered. The author has studied the extensive and intensive factors of the use of production resources and their impact on the final financial results of the activity cost and profit, as well as estimated indicators - level of costs and level of profit. The existing methods for assessing the efficiency of the use of production resources are given. The factor analysis of the assessment of the impact of extensive and intensive use of production resources of the enterprise on the effectiveness of the activity   is considered. The method of determining the relative deviation of the size of the resource compared with the necessary, based on the proportions of the previous year, is investigated. An express effectiveness assessment is proposed based on a comparison of the organization's revenue growth rates (volume of work performed) with the growth rate of the resource in question. The graphic schemes of this assessment in various situations are considered. For each situation, conclusions are drawn about the results obtained. The advantages of the proposed express assessment of the efficiency of using the enterprise’s production resources are given: simplicity of determining indicators, visibility, easy perception of the results, reliability.

Key words: efficiency of activity of firm, еfficiency of use of production resources, methods of assessment of efficiency, final indicators of activity of the enterprise, extensive and intensive factors of use of production resources, estimated indicators.

 

REFERENCES

1. Sheremet A. D. Analiz i diagnostika finansovo-hozyajstvennoj deyatel'nosti predpriyatiya. M. : Infra-M, 2017. 416 p.

2. Spravochnik ekonomista predpriyatiya / A. A. Govorin [i dr.]. M. : INFRA-M, 2018. 422 p.

3. Savickaya G. V. Komplekseyj analiz hozyajstvennoj deyatel'nosti. M. : Infra-M, 2016. 387 p.

4. Chechevicyna L. N., Hachadurova E. V. Ekonomika organizacii: uchebnoe posobie. Rostov-na-Donu : Feniks, 2015. 382 p.

5. Sekerin V. D., Gorohova A. E. Ekonomika predpriyatiya v skhemah i tablicah. M. : Prospekt, 2016. 160 p.

6. Aleshin S. Yu. Diagnostika konkurentosposobnosti promyshlennyh predpriyatij // Ekonomika vchera, segodnya, zavtra. 2018. № 2. pp. 34-46.

7. Rozhkova O. N. Analiz i diagnostika hozyajstvenno-finansovoj deyatel'nosti predpriyatiya: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie. M. : MGUP, 2012. 75 p.

8. Chuev I. N., Chueva L. N. Ekonomika predpriyatiya. M. : Dashkov i Ko, 2017. 416 p.

9. Ahmetov R. G. Ekonomika predpriyatij agropromyshlennogo kompleksa: uchebnik dlya akademicheskogo bakalavriata / R. G. Ahmetov [i dr.]. M. : Yurajt, 2014. 431 p.

 

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DOI:  10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-48-54

УДК 338.436.33.001.18 

 

ROMAN B. SHESTAKOV, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

NIKOLAY A. YAKOVLEV, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Senior Lecturer

Orel State Agrarian Universite, Russian Federation, Orel

 

SOME OF THE FORECAST FUNCTION ASPECTS IN AN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION FORESIGHT-PROCESS 

Abstract. In the article, some questions of forecasting methodology are considering within the framework of foresight-process in agribusiness. The development of the digital economy provides new tools and opportunities in business planning and forecasting, but the final decisions remain with a decision maker. On the example of grain production dynamics, the possible approaches within predictive algorithm of decision making at a multifactorial models realization in difficult predictable conditions are shown (data of the fertilizing, yields and final production of cereals totally in the Russian Federation). The model serves a two-step regression with a tool variable. At the first step, the influence of mineral fertilizers on yield (instrumental variable) on cumulative indices is estimated. The second uses the winged yield value as a factor of production index (endogenous model). The general scheme of decision making in the framework of subsequent forecasting and planning is developed. The associated problems for further investigation are outlined. Big data in agribusiness, as well as the possibility of extensive use of machine learning methods, require improved mechanisms for production forecasting and strategic planning. The specific forecast used in production planning should have feedback from the foresight-process as a result of its implementation.

Key words: forecasting, foresight, agribusiness, agricultural production, two-step regression models, instrumental variables, decision making, planning.

 

REFERENCES

1. Shestakov R. B., Alpatov A. V. Razvitie sistem upravleniya v APK Orlovskoj oblasti na municipal'nom urovne v prostranstve cifrovoj ekonomiki // Ekonomika, trud, upravlenie v sel'skom hozyajstve. 2018. № 2 (35). pр. 46-54.

2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 9 maya 2017 goda № 203 "Strategiya razvitiya informacionnogo obshchestva v Rossijskoj Federacii na 2017-2030 gody" [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.gks.ru

3. Shalagina Yu. V., Suhina N. Yu., Udovik E. E. // Innovacionnyj forsajt kak instrument obespecheniya ustojchivogo razvitiya social'no-ekonomicheskih sistem // V sb. statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii "Nauchnye issledovaniya vysshej shkoly po prioritetnym napravleniyam nauki i tekhniki". 2018. pp. 120-125.

4. Chulanova O. L., Turabaeva F. M. Metodicheskij instrumentarij primeneniya forsajt-sessii v strategicheskom upravlenii personalom // Materialy Ivanovskih chtenij. 2018. № 1-1 (18). pp. 84-93.

5. Chulanova O. L. Forsajt-sessii kak innovacionnyj instrument strategicheskogo upravleniya i raboty proektnyh komand // Materialy Afanas'evskih chtenij. 2018. № 1 (22). pp. 28-36.

6. Alfer'ev D. A. Teoretiko-metodicheskie aspekty dolgosrochnogo prognozirovaniya nauchnotekhnologicheskogo razvitiya // Upravlenie investiciyami i innovaciyami. 2018. № 1. pp. 5-16.

7. Shestakov R. B., Yakovlev N. A., Tarakin A. V. K voprosu o monitoringe i Forsajtinge regional'nogo APK v epohu cifrovoj transformacii // Innovacii i investicii. 2018. № 12. pp. 264-266.

8. FSGS RF. Oficial'naya statistika. Sel'skoe hozyajstvo, ohota i lesnoe hozyajstvo [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.gks.ru

 

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DOI:  10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-55-60

УДК 631.16:658.148(470.322)

 

YULIA L. ESINA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Department of Accounting and Auditing

NATALIA M. STEPANENKOVA, Ph. D. of Economics Sciences, Department of Accounting and Auditing

Bunin Yelets State University, Russian Federation, Lipetsk Region, Elec

 

APPROACHES AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING INVESTMENT ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN THE LIPETSK REGION

Abstract. Effective functioning and development of any economic sector, including agroindustrial complex (AIC) cannot be achieved without investment. This sector is capitalintensive, the level of its adaptability is determined by the compliance with modern requirements used in the production of machines and mechanisms, continuous development and innovation, the lack of investment inevitably leads to stagnation. At the same time,   the volume and direction of investments directly depends on a number of factors which determine the investment attractiveness of agriculture and its industries. Evaluation  of investment potential of agro-industrial complex of the Lipetsk region should help the investors to comprehensively consider the peculiarities of running business in the region, compare the possible risks and potential efficiency of investments, as well as growth prospects. However, the existing methods for determining rating scores are largely based on subjective views and often contradict each other. Also there are no evaluation systems of the investment attractiveness of the regional agro-industrial complex, the functioning of which determines development of the region's territories and its socio-economic stability. In this article the analysis of rating estimates of investment attractiveness of the Lipetsk region for the purpose of systematization on the basis of the received results of criteria of an assessment of investment potential of agro-industrial complex of the region is carried out. 

Key words: investment potential, investment attractiveness of agriculture, investment activity, ratings, development of the region. 


REFERENCES

1. Bereznev S. V., Sheveleva O. B., Nacheva M. K. Investicionnyj potencial i investicionnaya privlekatel'nost'  regiona:  metody  analiza  //  Ekonomicheskij  analiz:  teoriya  i  praktika. 2011. №  43  [Elektronnyj  resurs].  URL:  https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/investitsionnyy-potentsial-iinvestitsionnaya-privlekatelnost-regiona-metody-analiza

2. Stimulirovanie investicij v APK / Rossijskaya akademiya sel'skohozyajstvennyh nauk, Vserossijskij NII ekonomiki, truda i upravleniya v sel'skom hozyajstve (GNU VNIETUSKH); [podgot.: A. Yа. Kibirov i dr.]. M., 2004. 450 p.

3. Nikitskaya E. F., Valishvili M. A. Mekhanizmy stimulirovaniya investicionno-innovacionnoj deyatel'nosti na regional'nom urovne: social'no-ekonomicheskie i pravovye aspekty // Internetzhurnal "Naukovedenie". 2006. Tom 8. № 6 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://naukovedenie.ru/PDF/83EVN616.pdf

4. Kozhevina O. V. Mekhanizmy povysheniya investicionnoj privlekatel'nosti APK regiona v usloviyah krizisa // Izvestiya AltGU. 2002. № 2 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/mehanizmy-povysheniya-investitsionnoy-privlekatelnosti-apk-regiona-v-usloviyahkrizisa

5. Shvec N. S., Michurina F. Z. Koncepciya konkurentosposobnosti regional'nogo agropromyshlennogo kompleksa: monografiya / Ministerstvo sel'skogo hozyajstva RF, Federal'noe gosudarstvennoe byudzhetnoe obrazovatel'noe uchrezhdenie vysshego obrazovaniya "Permskaya gosudarstvennaya sel'skohozyajstvennaya akademiya imeni akademika D. N. Pryanishnikova". Perm': IPC "Prokrost", 2016. 207 p.

6. Lipeckaya  oblast'  lider  investicionnoj  aktivnosti  v  Rossii  [Elektronnyj  resurs].  URL:  http://lipetskmedia.ru/news/view/108704-Lipyetskaya_oblast.html

7. Agentstvo strategicheskih iniciativ. Nacional'nyj rejting sostoyaniya investicionnogo klimata 2018 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://asi.ru/news/91678/

8. Rejting innovacionnyh regionov Rossii 2018 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://i-regions.org/reiting/rejting-innovatsionnogo-razvitiya/2018

9. Otchet fDi Global Free Zones of the Year 2018 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.russez.ru/press/news?rid=750&oo=3&fnid=68&newWin=0&apage=1&nm=122642&fxsl=view.xsl

10. Rejtingovyj press-reliz. Regiony. Lipeckaya oblast' [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.acraratings.ru/ratings/issuers

11. Artamonov I. My formiruem novuyu strategiyu razvitiya Lipeckoj oblasti [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://finance.rambler.ru/other/41723434-igor-artamonov-my-formiruem-novuyu-strategiyurazvitiya-lipetskoy-oblasti/?updated

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-61-65

УДК 631.155.2:658.7

 

YULIA V. CHUTCHEVA, PhD in Economic Science, Associate Professor

YULIA S. KOROTKIKH, Senior Lecturer

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

TECHNICAL SUPPORT OF AGRICULTURE IN PERIODS OF ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION

Abstract. The article presents the historical development of technical support of agriculture both in Russia and abroad. The author presents agricultural machinery technical basis of agriculture and divides such equipment into 3 main groups. The main stages of agricultural machinery in our country and the main constraints to the development of this production are presented. It is noted that for decades, due to political reforms in the country, agriculture was in crisis situations, which adversely affected the provision of equipment to agricultural producers. The comparative characteristic of use of Park of cars in Russia and Canada on  the basis of which there is a clear advantage of our country before Canada both in quantity  of the used agricultural machinery, and on development of grain in tons on one unit of agricultural machinery is given. In recent years, there has been a positive trend in agriculture. In particular, in 2016, the acreage of agricultural crops amounted to 79.3 million hectares, which is 1 % more than in 2014. In 2014, the gross grain harvest amounted to 113 % of 2013, and in 2016 it amounted to 99.5 % by 2014. Also, in 2016, agro-industrial complexes of the Russian Federation were the main grain producers in the country. Conducted by the author of the study of technical support of agriculture allowed to identify the negative factors of influence on the state of agricultural producers. Based on the results, the author proposed further research options for the optimal formation of the Park with agricultural machinery.

Key words: technical means, agriculture, state farms, agricultural producers, financial condition, agricultural products.


REFERENCES

1. Lachuga Yu. F. Mekhanizaciya sel'skogo hozyajstva // Bol'shaya rossijskaya enciklopediya [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://bigenc.ru/agriculture/text/3990345

2. Korotkih Yu. S. Sovremennoe funkcionirovanie deyatel'nosti mashinno-tekhnologicheskih stancij. M. : OOO "UMC "Triada", 2017. 147 p.

3. Sistema ispol'zovaniya tekhniki v sel'skohozyajstvennom proizvodstve. M. : FGBNU "Rosinformagrotekh", 2003. 520 p.

4. Fedorenko V. F., Ezhevskij A. A., Solov'ev S. A., Chernoivanov V. I. Povyshenie effektivnosti ispol'zovaniya mashinno-traktornogo parka v sovremennyh usloviyah: nauchnoe izdanie. M. : FGBNU "Rosinformagrotekh", 2015. 336 p.

5. Korotkih Yu. S. K voprosu vosproizvodstva material'no-tekhnicheskoj bazy APK // Vestnik Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo zaochnogo universiteta. 2017. № 26 (31). pp. 67-72.

6. Korotkih Yu. S., Chutcheva Yu. V. Sovremennoe sostoyanie mashinno-traktornogo parka Rossijskoj Federacii: osnovnye tendencii i perspektivy razvitiya // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhnikoekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2016. № 6. pp. 25-29.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-66-72

УДК 005.591.6

 

IVAN I. GOLUBOV, Advanced in Doctor of Economic Sciences, Senior Research Officer

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

EFFICIENCY OF USING INNOVATIVE MATERIAL OF NATURAL CHARACTER IN AGRICULTURE: SHUNGIT

Abstract. The problem of using in agriculture innovative material of a natural nature - shungite is considered. Reviews of scientific research and results on the use of shungite compounds in crop production and animal husbandry are presented. So, in publications directed in different directions on the target direction, the influence of shungite compounds on the structure of soils and crop yields has been demonstrated, in livestock breeding -  on the productivity and preservation of livestock, food production. It was necessary to identify the effectiveness of the use of shungite material in agricultural production. In this regard, the experiments and experiments were investigated, conducted and analyzed, which set out a detailed description of the results of the measures taken. On the example of specific agricultural enterprises and research institutions, the effectiveness of the use of activator and other feed products based on shungite in the production of food products for the population has been demonstrated. The expediency of using shungite compounds in agriculture, which manifests itself in improving the quality of agricultural products, in a logical and steady increase in the efficiency of agricultural production, is substantiated. In this regard, the author recommends widespread use of all varieties of shungite compounds in crop production and animal husbandry. Discussion materials confirm the nutritional, healing and reproductive qualities of shungite material in the agricultural sector. The scientific novelty of the work lies in the fact that a wide study and generalization of the results in agricultural production allow us to present in more detail a stable correlation between shungite compounds, the content and results of agricultural experiments.

Key words: shungite, manufacturing practice, experiments in agricultural sectors, results, economic efficiency.


REFERENCES

1. Golubov I. I. Promyshlennoe perepelovodstvo: nauchno-proizvodstvennoe izdanie. M. : Lika, 2014. 350 p.

2. Golubov I. I., Krasnoyarcev G. V. Effektivnost' primeneniya shungita v pticevodstve // Problemy nauchnoj mysli. Dnepropetrovsk : OOO "Kalliston", 2018. № 8. T. 2. pp. 3-10.

3. Rukovodstvo po ispol'zovaniyu shungita v kombikormah dlya cyplyat-brojlerov i kur-nesushek / Pod obshch. red. V. I. Fisinina. Sergiev Posad, 2015. 33 p.

4. Sel'menskij G. E. Uluchshenie produktivnosti perepelov // Pticevodstvo. 2018. № 2. pp. 32-33.

5. Chekhovoj A. N. Nanotekhnologiya vokrug nas: sinergetika nanostrukturirovaniya v promyshlennosti i ekologii: monografiya. M. : Ekspodizajn, 2005. 113 p.

6. 7 dach.ru  [Elektronnyj  resurs].  URL:  https://7dach.ru/irindom/shungiterra-udobrenie-izshungita-103666.html

7. Ahmanov M. Voda, kotoruyu my p'em. M. : Eksmo, 2006. 190 p.

8. Vetrov S. I. Shungit. Rossijskij mineral zdorov'ya. M., 2011. 39 p.

9. Glebashev S. G. Shungit. M. : Geoinformmark, 1999. 16 p.

10. Kibardin G. Celebnaya sila Zemli: glina, pesok, shungit, kremnij, med', magnitnye polya. M. : E, 2016. 256 p.

11. Kabardin G. M. Shungit lechit. M. : E, 2018. 208 p.

12. Bugrova S. A. Shungit: zagadochnyj kamen'. M. : AST; SPb : Astrel', 2006. 78 p.

13. Kibardin G. M. Shungit, su-dzhok, voda dlya zdorov'ya tekh, komu za... M. : Eksmo, 2012. 379 p.

14. Medved-kamen.ru  [Elektronnyj  resurs].  URL:  https://medved-kamen.ru/a164932-unikalnyjmineral-shungit.html

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-73-81

УДК 338.436:636(470)

 

YULIA R. STRATONOVICH, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

IMPROVEMENT OF MANAGEMENT OF THE MEAT CATTLE INDUSTRY IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION BASED ON COOPERATION AND INTEGRATION

Abstract. The article discusses the tools and mechanisms to improve the management of the industry of beef cattle breeding based on inter-farm cooperation and integration. The current state of domestic beef cattle breeding is analyzed, the ineffectiveness of the existing business model of high-quality beef production is shown. The key factors that determine the development of the industry in the new economic conditions are examined, the structure of cattle breeding in Russia is studied, the groupings of the industry enterprises by the number of cattle are made. The significant role of small business organizations in the production of cattle meat was demonstrated. It is shown that for a more complete use of their potential    it is necessary to involve them in agricultural cooperation and integration. The study substantiated the expediency of optimizing business processes throughout the high-quality beef production chain, which should be based on the following principles: deep production specialization, cooperation and contraction relations, a systematic approach, process and project management, industry standards, traceability, common digital platforms communications. The leading role of digital technologies and platform solutions in the creation of a unified professional community of participants of the industry information  and communication business environment is shown. The main directions of improving state support for the development of beef cattle breeding are proposed. The implementation  of the considered approaches to the management of the beef cattle breeding industry will allow overcoming the crisis phenomena in the industry, increasing its efficiency, investment attractiveness and competitiveness. 

Key words: optimization, business processes, integration, consolidation, cooperation, beef cattle breeding, government support, digital technologies.


REFERENCES

1. Natsional'nyy doklad "O khode i rezul'tatakh realizatsii v 2017 godu Gosudarstvennoy programmy razvitiya sel'skogo khozyaystva i regulirovaniya rynkov sel'skokhozyaystvennoy produktsii, syr'ya  i prodovol'stviya na 2013-2020 gody". M. : FGBNU "Rosinformagrotekh", 2018. 172 p.

2. Rossiyskiy statisticheskiy ezhegodnik. 2018: Stat. sb. / Rosstat. M., 2018. 694 p.

3. Pogolov'e sel'skokhozyaystvennykh zhivotnykh v Rossiyskoy Federatsii (pereschitannye dannye s uchetom itogov VSKhP 2016) / Rosstat [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://www.gks.ru/, svobodnyy.

4. Pogolov'e skota v  Rossiyskoy Federatsii v 2018 godu / Rosstat [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://www.gks.ru/, svobodnyy.

5. Itogi Vserossiyskoy sel'skokhozyaystvennoy perepisi 2016 goda. T. 5: Pogolov'e sel'skokhozyaystvennykh zhivotnykh: Kn. 1: Pogolov'e sel'skokhozyayst-vennykh zhivotnykh. Struktura pogolov'ya sel'skokhozyaystvennykh zhivotnykh, Feder. sluzhba gos. statistiki. M. : IITs "Statistika Rossii", 2018. 450 p.

6. Byulleten' Natsional'nogo Soyuza Proizvoditeley Govyadiny : Spravochnik predpriyatiy myasnogo skotovodstva Rossiyskoy Federatsii. M. : NAS, 2018.

7. Khudyakova E. V., Khudyakova E. V., Stratonovich Yu. R. Razvitie mezhkhozyaystvennoy kooperatsii i integratsii v myasnom skotovodstve. Teoreticheskie i prikladnye problemy agropromyshlennogo kompleksa. 2018. No 1 (34). рр. 42-48.

8. Khudyakova E. V. On diversification of rural credit cooperatives // Economy of agricultural and processing enterprises. 2007. No 2. рр. 50-52.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-82-87

УДК 627.922+332.6

 

TATIANA A. CHERKASHINA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Professor

MAKSIM A. KALABIN, Master Student

Rostov State University of Economics, Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don

 

TO THE QUESTION OF ASSESSING RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE IN MORTGAGE LOAN

Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the residential real estate market in Russia with mortgage lending. The problems of assessing residential real estate for collateral purposes are considered, the features of determining the market value of residential real estate with mortgage lending are identified. The subject of the research is the housing mortgage market. A significant place is occupied by the analysis of the housing mortgage lending market in Russia according to statistics from the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. The dependencies of the mortgage lending market over the past two years have been analyzed and revealed between the volumes of mortgage loans issued and the rates for mortgage banking products, as well as between the total debt on mortgage banking products and their arrears. The area of interaction between appraisal companies and the banking sector is examined, namely: issues of accreditation of appraisal companies in banks and requirements of banks as users of appraisal. The toolkit for assessing residential real estate is justified and federal assessment standards governing the assessment of residential real estate for collateral in mortgage lending are given, suggestions are given for choosing approaches and methods for assessing residential real estate for mortgage lending. 

Key words: market value, residential real estate, valuation of real estate, collateral, mortgage lending.


REFERENCES

1. Ob ipoteke (zaloge nedvizhimosti) Federal'nyj zakon Rosijskoj Federacii ot 16 iyulya 1998 goda № 102-FZ (red. ot 28.11.2018 goda) / Konsul'tantPlyus [Elektronnyj resurs]: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_19396/

2. Fedotova M. A. Ocenka dlya celej zaloga: teoriya, praktika, rekomendacii / M. A. Fedotova, V. Yu. Roslov, O. N. Shcherbakova, A. I. Myshanov. M. : Finansy i statistika, 2011. 384 p.

3. Gribovskij S. V. Ocenka stoimosti nedvizhimosti: uchebnoe posobie. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. M. : OOO "PRO-Apprajzer" Onlajn, 2016. 464 p.

4. Ob ocenochnoj deyatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii: Ob ipoteke (zaloge nedvizhimosti) Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29 iyulya 1998 goda № 135-FZ (red. ot 28.11.2018 goda) / Konsul'tantPlyus [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_19586/

5. Ocenka sobstvennosti / red. T. A. Cherkashina, V. Yu. Nalivajskij. Rostov-n/D : Izd-vo RGEU (RINH), 2010. 269 p.

6. Korostelev S. P. Teoriya i praktika ocenki dlya celej developmenta i upravleniya nedvizhimost'yu. M. : Marosejka, 2009. 418 p.

 

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DOI:  10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-88-94

УДК 336.71

 

SERGEY P. DMITRIEV, Ph. D. of Economics Sciences, Associate Professor

OLGA V. SINELNIKOVA, Ph. D. of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor

AHMED M. KHEZHEV, Ph. D. of Economics Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STABILITY OF CREDIT ORGANIZATIONS PROBLEMS

Abstract. The tendencies of the policy of “cleansing” the Bank of Russia from unscrupulous players, its influence on the financial stability of banks and the banking sector as a whole,  as well as the problematic aspects of the methods of analyzing the financial stability of  credit organizations are examined. The most common is the problem of inconsistency of   the mandatory ratios of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation with the real financial and economic condition of a commercial bank. Existing methods require a large amount of information, are rather laborious and cannot be used for operational analysis. The analysis  of financial stability is proposed to be based on a comparison of income and expenses of a credit institution. When conducting an operational analysis, it is advisable to assess the quality of loan debt. The proposed financial stability analysis system was applied to PJSC Russian Agricultural Bank, which clearly illustrates its advantages over the generally accepted methodology of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. The recommendations proposed in the article for conducting an express analysis of the financial stability of banks may be relevant for legal entities, future or existing customers of a credit institution. The proposed mechanisms allow you to quickly assess the financial condition of the bank and make an objective decision on cooperation with a specific credit institution. 

Key words: financial institution, banks, capitalization, recovery, rehabilitation, loan debt, financial stability, methods of analysis of the financial stability of banks, Russian Agricultural Bank, operational analysis, mandatory regulations.


REFERENCES

1. Bankovskaya sistema Rossii i ee rol' v finansirovanii sel'hoztovaroproizvoditelej: Monografiya / N. F. Zaruk, S. P. Dmitriev, A. V. Rybin, M. A. Shereuzheva. M. : OOO "Megapolis", 2018. 287 p.

2. Oficial'nyj sajt Mezhdunarodnogo informacionnogo agentstva Rossiya Segodnya. RIA Rejting [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://riarating.ru

3. Oficial'nyj sajt CB RF [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.cbr.ru

4. Shereuzheva M. A. Razvitie sistemy upravleniya aktivami i passivami kommercheskogo banka  s primeneniem IT-tekhnologij / M. A. Shereuzheva, E. S. Kolomeeva, M. E. Urtyanova, A. M. Hezhev // Innovacii i investicii. 2018. № 8. pp. 225-230.

5. Shereuzheva M. A., Gazzaeva S. E. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy upravleniya bankovskimi riskami v Rossii // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2016. № 5. pp. 29-34.

6. Dmitriev S. P. Ocenka kachestva ssudnoj zadolzhennosti // V sb.: Zakonomernosti i tendencii razvitiya ocenki, upravleniya, ucheta i normativno-pravovogo obespecheniya finansovoj sistemy Rossii. M. : OOO "Megapolis", 2017. pp. 103-107.

7. Kostina R. V., Dmitriev S. P., Hezhev A. M. Kachestvo ssudnoj zadolzhennosti i finansovoj ustojchivostikreditnyhorganizacij// Vsb.: Aktual'nyeproblemy finansirovaniyainalogooblozheniya APK v usloviyah globalizacii ekonomiki: sbornik statej V Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2018. pp. 126-130.

8. Zaruk N. F., Sinel'nikova O. V. Osnovnye metodologicheskie podhody optimizacii struktury kapitala sel'skohozyajstvennyh organizacij // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2015. № 3.  pp. 33-38.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-95-101

УДК 316.3.004.12

 

EKATERINA F. SHAMAEVA, Ph. D. of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

EKATERINA A. GORYUNOVA, Post-graduate Student

Institute of System Analysis and Management of the State University "Dubna", Russian Federation, Moscow region, Dubna

 

THE BASICS OF METHODOLOGY OF INTEGRAL ESTIMATION OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL POWERS

Abstract. Thearticledeals with the relevance of theproblemofmanagementandmeasurement of categories of quality of life is essential because their quantitative representation is the target functions in the management of socio-economic systems; the subject area of design and management of sustainable development; the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of foreign and domestic works on the problem of integrated assessment of sustainability, complex power and social power; the system of basic concepts, principles of design of sustainable development; a system of natural science parameters of sustainable development and social power for countries and regions is presented; a model for assessing sustainable development and a model for assessing social power is presented; a method for comprehensive assessment of the country's power on the basis of universal sustainable meters is presented. The theoretical apparatus of the design technology of sustainable development of the region, used to analyze and calculate the parameters of sustainable development, is based on the universal principles of design in the system nature - society - man. The paper presents the formalized principle of sustainable development and the system of natural science indicators of sustainable development, based on which an integrated model of sustainable development and the social power of calculating the quality of life in the country. The results of the calculation of quality of life from the position of different conceptual approaches, is considered as an example of the Russian Federation.

Key words: sustainable development, quality of life, assessment, model, social power of countries, parameters, estimation, useful power, power loss, integral model.


REFERENCES

1. Regiony Rossii: Statisticheskij sbornik / pod red. V. I. Galickogo. M. : Goskomstat Rossii, 2001-2019.

2. Bol'shakov B. E., Kuznecov O. L. Inzheneriya ustojchivogo razvitiya. M. : RAEN, 2012. 502 p.

3. Bol'shakov B. E. Nauka ustojchivogo razvitiya. Kniga I. Vvedenie. M. : RAEN, 2011. 272 р.

4. Kuznecov O. L., Bol'shakov B. E. Mirovozzrenie ustojchivogo razvitiya. M. : RAEN, 2013. 202 p.

5. Bol'shakov B. E. Vvedenie v nauku ustojchivogo razvitiya // Ustojchivoe innovacionnoe razvitie: proektirovanie i upravlenie. 2011. T. 7. Vol. № 2. рр. 1-34.

6. Bol'shakov B. E., Shamaeva E. F. Proektirovanie regional'nogo ustojchivogo innovacionnogo razvitiya na raznyh urovnyah ob"ektov upravleniya // Ustojchivoe innovacionnoe razvitie: proektirovanie i upravlenie. 2012. T. 8. Vyp. № 1(14). рр. 67-88 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://rypravlenie.ru/

7. Kuznecov O. L., Bol'shakov B. E. Ustojchivoe razvitie: universal'nyj princip proektirovaniya ustojchivogo razvitiya. M. , 2007. 21 p.

 

 

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PEDAGOGY

 

 

 

 

DOI:  10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-102-109

УДК 378:355:159.9

 

SVETLANA P. MAKSAKOVA, Ph. D. of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor

Budyonny Military Telecommunications Academy, Russian Federation, St. Petersburg

 

ON A CADET’S COGNITIVE ACTIVITY IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGES TEACHING PROCESS IN MILITARY INSTITUTIONS

Abstract. The article deals with the problem of a cadet’s cognitive activity performed both within an educational process and along with military duties. These two are significant sides for the military institution, and the basic combat training develops professional features and psychic processes such as perception and attention. The article gives the analysis of psychic processes strategies as a core of exercises. As the title implies the article describes the concept “cadet” as a subject of cognitive activity. The purpose of the article is to elicit making-decision strategies in the cadets’ cognitive activity. A scheme for successive exercises is proposed on the base of the given strategies. The problem is to be further investigated within the combination of a foreign language teaching and cognitive characteristics which will be of professional interest to those who are concerned with a process of teaching a foreign language in military institutions of higher education.

Key words: cadet as a cognitive activity subject, professional occupation in military, perception, attention, basic combat training.

 

REFERENCES

1. Vashik K., Kibardina S. M. Inostrannye yazyki 4.0: metodicheskie i tekhnologicheskie vyzovy v kontekste personalizacii i iskusstvennogo intellekta // Teoriya i metodika obucheniya inostrannym yazykam: tradicii i innovacii. Shatilovskie chteniya: sb. nauch. tr. SPb. : POLITEKH-PRESS, 2018.   pp. 19-23.

2. Esipovich K. B. Upravlenie poznavatel'noj deyatel'nost'yu uchashchihsya pri izuchenii inostrannyh yazykov v srednej shkole. M. : Prosveshchenie, 1988. 191 p.

3. Cheshev D. V. Student kak kognitivnyj menedzher / Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta: Filosofiya. Sociologiya. Politologiya. 2013. № 2(22). pp. 122-125.

4. Shamov A. N. Kognitivnyj podhod k obucheniyu leksike: modelirovanie i realizaciya: monografiya. Nizhnij Novgorod : NGLU imeni N. A. Dobrolyubova, 2006. 479 p.

5. Tsvetkova M. The cognitive approach as a challenge in foreign language teaching Series in Linguistics, Culture and FLT. Vol. 1. Sofia: Asenevtsi trade Ltd., 2016. pp. 125-135 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312129996_THE_COGNITIVE_APPROACH_AS_A_CHALLENGE

6. Kubryakova E. S., Dem'yankov V. Z., Luzina L. G., Pankrac Yu. G. Kratkij slovar' kognitivnyh terminov / Pod obshch. red. E. S. Kubryakovoj. M. : Filologicheskij fakul'tet MGU imeni M. V. Lomonosova, 1996. 245 p.

7. Dem'yankov V. Z. Kognitivnaya lingvistika kak raznovidnost' interpretiruyushchego podhoda // Voprosy yazykoznaniya. 1994. № 4. pp. 17-33 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.infolex.ru/Cogni.html#_Toc32468351

8. Bruner  Dzh. Psihologiya  poznaniya.  Za  predelami  neposredstvennoj  informacii  /  Per.  s  angl. K. I. Babickogo. M. : Progress, 1977. 397 p.

9. Zimnyaya I. A. Pedagogicheskaya psihologiya. Rostov-na-Donu : Feniks, 1997. 480 p.

10. Psihologiya i pedagogika. Voennaya psihologiya: uchebnik dlya vuzov / Pod red. A. G. Maklakova. SPb. : Piter, 2005. 464 p.

11. Kalyuzhnyj A. S. Psihologiya lichnosti voennosluzhashchego: uchebnoe posobie. Nizhnij Novgorod : NGTU, 2004. 38 p. [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://window.edu.ru/catalog/pdf2txt/184/46184/22662?p_page=2

12. Luriya A. R. Ob istoricheskom razvitii poznavatel'nyh processov. Eksperimental'no-psihologicheskoe issledovanie. M. : Nauka, 1974. 172 p

13. Mil'rud R. P., Kondakova N. N. Podhody k opisaniyu i preduprezhdeniyu oshibok v inoyazychnoj rechi // Inostrannye yazyki v shkole. 2007. № 1. pp. 12-17.

14. Bogatikova L. I. K probleme razvitiya kul'turno-yazykovoj intuicii // Inostrannye yazyki v shkole. 2007. № 3. pp. 34-38.

15. Vygotskij L. S. Psihologiya razvitiya cheloveka. M. : Smysl; Eksmo, 2005. 1136 p.

16. Zimnyaya I. A. Lingvopsihologiya rechevoj deyatel'nosti / Psihologi Otechestva. M. : Moskovskij psihologo-social'nyj institut. Voronezh : NPO "MODEK", 2001. 432 p.

17. Eremin Yu. V. K voprosu o sravnitel'nyh urovnyah ponimaniya pri chtenii i audirovanii teksta / Obuchenie chteniyu na inostrannom yazyke v shkole i vuze: sb. nauch. rabot. Leningrad : LGPI im.  A. I. Gercena, 1973. pp. 48-55.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-110-121

УДК 378.018.43

 

ELENA V. PINEVICH, Ph. D. of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor

GALINA M. PETROVA, Ph. D. of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor

Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

METHODS OF CREATING CONTROL AND MEASURING MATERIALS ON RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE FOR PRE-BACHELOR AND PRE-MASTERS

Abstract. Considers issues related to the assessment of speech and language competence. It is noted that test technologies provide an opportunity not only to evaluate the knowledge, skills and abilities of foreigners, but to objectively measure them. Two types of test and measurement materials are presented: for foreign pre-bachelors and pre-masters. The materials are created taking into account the goals of using the Russian language, skills and abilities in the use of language means for the implementation of certain tactics of speech behavior in the main types of speech activity reading, writing, listening, speaking. It is emphasized that the materials are designed for students of non-philological profile. Given the general characteristics of test materials and sets out the requirements for them. It is indicated that materials for pre-bachelors consist of 10 tasks, including the examination of knowledge of the scientific style of speech and the formation of the applicant's linguistic competence, within which the lexical, grammatical, semantic and phonological competencies are verified. Attention is paid to the fact that materials for pre-masters are the so-called "connection" of the standard test of general knowledge of Russian as a Foreign language (I certification level) with a test of scientific style (professionally oriented). The structure of materials, principles of their creation, content, typical tasks are described. At the end of the article it is reported that the materials in question have been tested and received high marks.

Key words: test and measurement materials, final control, Russian as a foreign language, pre-bachelors, pre-masters, types of tasks.


REFERENCES

1. Asejkina L. S., Kashina L. G. Kriterii ocenivaniya yazykovoj podgotovki inostrannyh uchashchihsya v hode promezhutochnoj attestacii // Problemy prepodavaniya filologicheskih disciplin inostrannym uchashchimsya: Materialy 4-j Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-metodicheskoj konferencii. Voronezh : IPC «Nauchnaya kniga», 2016. pp. 13-19.

2. Balyhina T. M. Standartizirovannaya kontrol'no-ocenochnaya deyatel'nost' v obuchenii russkomu yazyku kak inostrannomu [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://konesh.ru/standartizovannaya-kon-troleno-ocenochnaya-deyatelenoste.html

3. Dvoryatkina S. N. Integraciya fraktal'nyh i nejrosetevyh tekhnologij v pedagogicheskom kontrole i ocenke znanij obuchaemyh // Vestnik RUDN. Ser. Psihologiya i pedagogika. 2017. Tom 14. № 14. pp. 451-465.

4. Praktika organizacii i provedeniya ekzamena po russkomu yazyku kak inostrannomu, istorii Rossii i osnovam zakonodatel'stva RF: metodicheskoe posobie / Nauch. red. L. A. Verbickaya; sost. A. V. Dolzhikova, L. P. Klobukova, A. A. Parfenov i dr. SPb. : ROPRYAL, 2017. 163 p.

5. Gosudarstvennyj obrazovatel'nyj standart po russkomu yazyku: Pervyj sertifikacionnyj uroven'. Obshchee vladenie. Professional'noe vladenie. M. , SPb. : Zlatoust, 1999. 40 p.

6. Leksicheskij minimum po russkomu yazyku kak inostrannomu. Pervyj sertifikacionnyj uroven'. Obshchee vladenie. M. : CMO MGU; SPb. : Zlatoust, 2011. 200 p.

7. Programma po russkomu yazyku dlya inostrannyh grazhdan. Pervyj sertifikacionnyj uroven'. Obshchee vladenie. M. , SPb. : Zlatoust, 2012. 176 p.

8. Trebovaniya k Pervomu sertifikacionnomu urovnyu vladeniya russkim yazykom kak inostrannym. M.; SPb: Zlatoust, 2011. 64 p.

9. Pinevich E. V. Obuchenie chteniyu inostrannyh uchashchihsya: uchebnoe posobie. M. : Izd-vo MGTU im. N. E. Baumana, 2011. 32 p.

10. Pinevich E. V. Obuchenie russkomu yazyku kak inostrannomu na podgotovitel'nom otdelenii: problemy i puti ih resheniya // Gumanitarnyj vestnik. 2017. № 3(53). 5 p.

11. Pinevich E. V. Podgotovka k ekzamenu po nauchnomu stilyu rechi: Uchebnoe posobie dlya slushatelej podgotovitel'nyh fakul'tetov. M., 2013. 81 p.

12. Petrova G. M. Obuchenie nauchnomu stilyu rechi. M. : Izd-vo MGTU im. N. E. Baumana, 2004. 29 p.

 

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DOI:  10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-122-128

УДК 378.14:53:004.3

 

NIKOLAY A. KONOPLIN, Ph. D. in Physico-mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor

VERA L. PRISHCHEP, Ph. D. in Physico-mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor

ANTON V. MOROZOV, Ph. D. in Physico-mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

 

EXPANDING THE POSSIBILITY OF A TRAINING LABORATORY EXPERIMENT IN THE COURSE OF GENERAL PHYSICS USING MOBILE ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Abstract. The main universal trends of intensive productivity growth and increasing the efficiency of production processes at this stage of development are considered. The technical and technological factors that determine the quality and performance of modern equipment are highlighted. The role of physical knowledge in the training system of modern technical specialists is shown. The features of the organization and conduct of a laboratory workshop in vocational schools are considered taking into account the optimization of the educational process. An improved technique is proposed for conducting standard laboratory work in the natural sciences, studied as part of the implementation of training in the main professional educational programs at various levels of education, based on photo and video recording of the experimental results. The broad possibilities of this technique are shown, the use of which allows to increase the accuracy of measurements, expand the range of the studied values    in the experiments, individualize independent work and control the level of development    of students' formed competencies. A real example of the application of photofixation of experience and processing of the results obtained in a typical laboratory work on the study of light interference on Newton's rings is presented. A real example of the application of video recording of experience in laboratory work on the study of the coefficient of viscosity of air is presented. A variant of advanced calculations of experimental data obtained as a result of processing video material is given. 

Key words: modern equipment, training of specialists, laboratory practicum, improvement, physical parameters, measurement accuracy, individual work.


REFERENCES

1. Konoplin N. A., Morozov A. V., Popov A. I. Analiz fizicheskih parametrov energoeffektivnosti agroinzhenernyh sistem // Mezhdunarodnyj  tekhniko-ekonomicheskij  zhurnal.  2018.  №  2.  pp. 47-53.

2. Ob utverzhdenii federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel'nogo standarta vysshego obrazovaniya - bakalavriat po napravleniyu podgotovki 35.03.06 Agroinzheneriya / Prikaz Ministerstva obrazovaniya i nauki Rossijskoj Federacii ot 23.08.2017 g. № 813 // Portal Federal'nyh gosudarstvennyh obrazovatel'nyh standartov vysshego obrazovaniya [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://fgosvo.ru/uploadfiles/FGOS%20VO%203++/Bak/350306_B_3_06012018.pdf

3. Konoplin N. A., Morozov A. V., Popov A. I., Prishchep V. L., Husainov SH. G. Rol' laboratornogo fizicheskogo eksperimenta v formirovanii professional'nyh kompetencij bakalavrov - agroinzhenerov // Kazanskij pedagogicheskij zhurnal. 2018. № 4. pp. 95-99.

4. Fizika. Metodicheskie ukazaniya k laboratornym rabotam / Sostaviteli: V. P. Kovalev, B. P. Goranskij, L. M. Lazarenko, S. N. Utochkin. M. : Rotaprint VNIIGiM, 1992. 72 p.

5. Trofimova T. I. Kurs fiziki. M. : Akademiya, 2017. 560 p.

6. Prishchep V. L. Kriticheskoe chislo Rejnol'dsa i izmerenie vyazkosti zhidkosti v oblasti temperatur 20…80 C // Doklady TSKHA. 2018. № 290. Ch. 1. pp. 231-233.

 

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DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-66-3-129-135

УДК 371

 

ALEXEY A. TARASENKO, Ph. D. of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, First Vice-Rector-Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs

YURIY D. OVCHINNIKOV, Ph. D. of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

VLADISLAV M. NESTEROV, Student

Kuban State University of Educaton, Sports and Tourism, Russian Federation, Krasnodar

 

TEACHING BIOMECHANICS: A CASE-STUDY

Abstract. In the article the authors show the pedagogical orientation of the science of biomechanics. The teacher of the biomechanics course and the student studying the course "Biomechanics of motor activity", the athlete playing table tennis, prepared a methodical material that provides a logical and competence approach to the subject of sports profile using the "case study method". Translation of pedagogical and methodical experience is necessary and possible with the participation of the teacher and the student. This article highlights the case-stage, the main information blocks for the work of students and teachers on a specialized topic in the subject (for example, table tennis). In table tennis are essential different motor actions of the athlete, which depends on the speed, strength and flight path, flight time, the direction of the ball bounce, as well as quality parameters of the inventory. Such factors as pressure, humidity, temperature, lighting play a significant role in table tennis. Denoting these components, table tennis can be viewed from the point of view not only as a professional sport, but also a sport for active and comfortable rest. Biomechanical movements allow a person to create an ergonomic environment that will help the body to avoid fatigue. In the study of the course "Biomechanics of human motor activity" this material can be used in practical classes as a "case method" to explain the essence of rotational movements and the most complete disclosure of the topic.

Key words: tennis, information material, practical orientation of pedagogical biomechanics, logical competence approach, case method, educational technologies.

 

REFERENCES

1. Bahtina A. S. Problema ispol'zovaniya kejs-stadi v obrazovatel'nom processe // Vestnik nauki Sibiri. 2016. № 2(21). pp. 23-31.

2. Dneprov S. A., Golovkina A. A. Riskologicheskaya kompetenciya v formirovanii professional'noj bezopasnosti bakalavrov neftegazovoj otrasli s ispol'zovaniem kejs-stadi // Vysshee obrazovanie segodnya. 2015. № 12. pp. 4-10.

3. Eremin A. S. Zaklyuchitel'nye etapy analiza uchebnyh kejsov i ocenka raboty studentov pri ispol'zovanii kejs-metoda // Innovacii v obrazovanii. 2010. № 8. pp. 120-141.

4. Peresun'ko E. A. Metod kejs-stadi v sfere professional'noj inoyazychnoj kommunikacii // Mir pedagogiki i psihologii. 2018. № 7 (24). pp. 24-36.

5. Barchukova G. V., Zhigun E. E., Mizin A. N. Vliyanie zanyatij nastol'nym tennisom na fizicheskuyu podgotovlennost' studentov-yunoshej // Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P. F. Lesgafta. 2018. № 7(161). pp. 27-32.

6. Il'in V. A., Ol'hovaya T. I. Itogi 1-go chempionata Rossii po nastol'nomu tennisu sredi lic s intellektual'nymi narusheniyami // Adaptivnaya fizicheskaya kul'tura. 2012. № 2 (50). pp. 30-31.

7. Abdullaeva D. N., Isroilov Sh. H. Effekty sopryazhennogo ispol'zovaniya specializirovannyh fizicheskih i tekhnicheskih uprazhnenij na nachal'nom etape obucheniya nastol'nomu tennisu // Pedagogicheskie nauki. 2012. № 4(55). pp. 58-61.

8. Retinskaya Yu. A. Nakoplenie novshestv, kak vazhnyj faktor razvitiya nastol'nogo tennisa // Uchenye zapiski Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye i social'nye nauki. 2018. № 1 (78). pp. 292-294.

9. Ovchinnikov Yu. D. Kompetencii kak issledovatel'skie laboratorii dlya studentov // Innovacii v obrazovanii. 2016. № 5. pp. 31-41.

10. Ovchinnikov Yu. D. Biomekhanika v proektnyh tekhnologiyah: nauchno-issledovatel'skoe napravlenie v predmete sportivnogo profilya // Municipal'noe obrazovanie: innovacii i eksperiment. 2016. № 2. pp. 36-45.

11. Ovchinnikov Yu. D., Hor'kova L. V., Sycheva N. M. Nastol'nyj tennis-effektivnoe sredstvo razvitiya dvigatel'noj reakcii shkol'nikov na urokah fizkul'tury // Fizicheskaya kul'tura, sport i zdorov'e. 2017. № 29. pp. 36-40.

12. Ovchinnikov Yu. D., Sidenko A. S. Pedagogicheskaya biomekhanika glazami studenta // Municipal'noe obrazovanie: innovacii i eksperiment. 2016. № 4. pp. 47-52.

13. Fokin A. M., Fetisova S. L. Ocenka reakcii organizma obuchayushchihsya na nagruzku  v processe uchebnyh zanyatij i sorevnovanij po nastol'nomu tennisu // Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya. 2018. № 59-2. pp. 381-385.

 

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