Voronova O. V., Kharyova V. A.

Fmcg – segment network retail in the russian federation: current state and development problems


Alexandrova O. B., Tretyakov V. S., Belikova A.V.

Institute of property in leasing entrepreneurship


Khudyakova E. V.

Sustainability of development of pigs in russian federation


Karpuzova V. I., Chernyshev K. V., Karpuzova N. V.

To the question of personnel provision of the project "digital agriculture"


Yevgrafova L. V.

Dynamic properties and economic efficiency of forming rural tourist destination


Buchnev A. O.

Stimulating using of biomass as a universal source of renewable energy at the state strategy level


Margolina E. V., Spitsyna T. A.

On evaluating the efficiency of state programs


Kazantsev S. P., Serov A. V., Serov N. V.

Technique analysis technical condition of equipment of organizations not conducted by commercial activities


Doguchaeva S. M., Kocherov S. S.

Future of xbrl in russian federation


Doguchaeva S. M., Gordienko N. A.

Digital transformation of the economy and its implications


Zenkina E. V., Ivina N. V.

International cooperation in energetics as a basis for strengthening geopolitical interests of Russia and its sustainable economic growth





Ilina O. A.

The field of interests of students as a component of national oriented learning the russian language in the republic of tajikistan


Lilimberg S. I.

Activation of cognitive activity of students of economic specialties


Magomedova A. N.

Conceptual model of education of the personality of a student based on moral-bioethical values


Khruleva A. M.

Pedagogical stability of future music teachers


Isimova A. E.

Some methods for coping with workplace stress


Rustamova M. F., Ganiev M. M.

Influence of hormones on the process of knowledge and training (study of the effect of neuroleptics on the level of sex hormones in the blood of rats)
















DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-7-16

УДК 338(470).005.8


O. V. VORONOVA, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

V. A. KHARYOVA, Applicant

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University

Higher School of Service and Trade

Institute of Industrial Management, Economics and Trade, Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg



Abstract. The article discusses the main trends and problems in the development of network retail FMCG-segment, assessed the current state of the industry. In the course of the study, an assessment was made of external and internal factors that have a direct impact on the network of retail outlets. As a result of the analysis, it was revealed that the main reasons for the decline in the main indicators of the industry’s activity include the restriction on the import of certain imported goods, the weakening of the national currency and, as a result, the weak purchasing power of the population. At the same time, the negative trends of 2014–2016 led to a decrease in the operating and financial performance of most large FMCG networks, the bankruptcy of some companies, and the actual redistribution of a number of regional markets. As part of the study, changes in the structure of sources of turnover were examined, and a tendency to increase the share of retail chains in the formation of retail trade was revealed. However, this marked a significant differentiation of the network market FMCG-retail by territorial constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The study revealed a number of trends in the development of network retail of the FMCG segment related to the digitalization process: gradual consolidation of the industry in the hands of several large retailers; active automation of the industry (introduction of automated management systems, state information systems, etc.); the development of omni-channel, and, as a result, significant changes in the marketing policy of retail chains; a gradual slowdown in the growth rate of off-line trading with subsequent access to on-line sites.

Key words: networkretail, FMCGsegment, retail, grocery segment, automation, omnichannel, digitalization.



1. Federal'naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoj statistiki [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

2. Edinaya mezhvedomstvennaya informacionno-statisticheskaya sistema [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

3. Portal dlya ritejlerov i postavshchikov [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

4. Krasil'nikova E. A., Baskakov V. A. FMCG-rynok: dvuhletnie posledstviya embargo // Vestnik Akademii. 2016. № 4. pp. 46−49.

5. Barmina E. E., Rogozina T. L. Osnovnye tendencii razvitiya setevoj roznichnoj torgovli // Ekonomika i socium. 2016. № 7(26). pр. 18−22.

6. Panyukova V. V. Ocenka osnovnyh pokazatelej razvitiya torgovli. Itogi 2014 goda // Torgovoekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2015. T. 2. № 1. pр. 7−18.

7. Institut obshchestvennogo mneniya "Anketolog" [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

8. Informacionno-servisnyj resurs "Rabotaj legko. Avtomatiziruj eto" [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

9. Oficial'nyj sajt Ekspert Online [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

10. Informacionno-poznavatel'nyj portal Rusability [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-17-22

УДК 339.187.62


O. B. ALEXANDROVA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Air Force Academy, Russian Federation, Syzran

V. S. TRETYAKOV, Associate Professor

Samara State Technical University, Russian Federation, Syzran

A. V. BELIKOVA, Student

St. Petersburg State University of Economics, Russian Federation, St. Petersburg


Abstract. The complex organizational form of leasing relations, which requires adequate institutional mechanisms. The basis of the institutional approach to leasing is the interaction of formal and informal institutions. In relation to the leasing process, the interaction of institutions manifests itself mainly in relation to objects and subjects of a leasing transaction. The current institutional model of leasing forms the economic behavior of subjects and organizational forms of economic interactions, but does not reflect the diversity of interaction between leasing institutions. The existing norms and rules of leasing activity are designed to ensure stability and transparency in relations between the subjects of leasing and protect their rights and economic interests. Behavioral relations between the subjects of leasing relations are governed by the right of ownership, which defines the point of contact between the interests of the participants in the leasing, contributes to the definition of persons acquiring property benefits, granting the right to the participants of the leasing to choose how to use the leased asset. However, a fuzzy specification of property rights leads to erosion of property rights, which reduces the value of the leased asset and increases the uncertainty in leasing activity. Establishing the reasons for incomplete specifications will reduce losses and make leasing relationships more sustainable.

Key words: leasing relations, division of labor, property institute, specification of property rights.



1. Aleksandrova O. B., Burgonov O. V., Ivleva E. S. Lizingovye instrumenty ekonomiki predprinimatel'stva // Ekonomika i upravlenie. 2016. № 5 (127). pp. 45-48.

2. Odincova M. I. Institucional'naya ekonomika: Uchebnik dlya akademicheskogo bakalavriata. 4-e izd., pererab. i dop. M. : Yurajt, 2016. 459 p.

3. Aleksandrova O. B. Rol' infrastruktury v lizingovom predprinimatel'stve // Ekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. 2014. № 7. pp. 872-876.

4. Aleksandrova O., Ivleva E., Kirdyashkin A., Shashina N. Infrastructural development factors of leasing entrepreneurship in real sector of economy // EMMFT 2017: IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 90 / Ser. "Energy Management of Municipal Transportation Facilities and Transport, EMMFT 2017". 2017.

5. Bazhenova V. I. Institucional'naya model' lizingovyh otnoshenij // Voprosy ekonomiki i prava. 2011. № 12. pp. 16-23.

6. Caregorodcev D. I. Institucional'naya model' lizinga primenitel'no k usloviyam innovacionnoj ekonomiki // Voprosy ekonomiki i prava. 2014. № 8. pp. 194-196.

7. Yas'kova N. Yu., Alekseeva T. R. Razvitie institucional'nyh osnov lizinga // Vestnik MGSU. 2016. № 2. pp. 146-158.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-23-29

УДК 631.14:636.4(470) 


E. V. KHUDYAKOVA, Advance Doctor in Economic Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The main trends and factors of sustainable development of domestic pig production are considered, the domestic and global pork market is analyzed, development trends are identified and development forecasts for these markets are given, the domestic market pricing conditions are analyzed, factors for sustainable development of pig production are given, and priority directions for government regulation are proposed. The factors that determine the high rate of development of the industry. The magnitude of the calculated value of the statistical criterion of sustainability of growth (Spearman's criterion) of pork production in the country was determined and statistically evaluated. It is proved that the demand for pork, like other types of meat, is income elastic, which, given the reduction in real incomes of the population, determines the pessimistic forecast of domestic demand. However, demand for pork is expected to increase in foreign markets, primarily due to the growth in demand from China, which is a buyer of more than 50% of the world market pork, and outbreaks of African swine fever and the number of small agricultural producers that have become frequent. The measures of state regulation of pig breeding are proposed: stimulation of the development of the feed mill industry, subsidizing the purchase of breeding stock of sows, financing basic and applied research to create new breeds of pigs and hybrids, and others.
Key words: economy of pig breeding, market of pig production, stability of agriculture, forecasting of pig breeding, state regulation of pig breeding, world market of pork.



1. Rossijskij statisticheskij ezhegodnik [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

2. Dinamika cen na svininu // Torgovaya platforma ARGO24 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

3. Zhujkov P. I. Razvitie rynka produkcii svinovodstva v Rossijskoj Federacii (teoriya, metodologiya, praktika). M. : FGUP "VO Minsel'hoza Rossii", 2006. 180 p.

4. Nifontova E. A. K voprosu ob obespechenii uslovij effektivnogo razvitiya otrasli svinovodstva v sovremennyh usloviyah / Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauch. konf., posv. 130-letiyu N. I. Vavilova. Moskva, 5-7 dekabrya 2017 g. pp. 208-210.

5. Kajshev V. G., Seregin S. N. Formirovanie gosudarstvennoj politiki eksporta produkcii APK: potencial'nye vozmozhnosti i riski // Pishchevaya promyshlennost'. 2017. № 10. pр. 8-12.

6. Nacional'nyj soyuz svinovodov [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-29-36

УДК 631.15:631.155:658.514 


V. I. KARPUZOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

K. V. CHERNYSHEV, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

N. V. KARPUZOVA, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The personnel aspects of the implementation of the project "Digital Agriculture" are considered. The main directions of the project involve the use of modern methods and tools for working with data, including intellectual ones. In this regard, the assessment of the security of the agricultural sector with personnel of various levels of education, the degree of ownership of the rural population of information skills, the use of modern information technologies in scientific support of the development of the agro-industrial complex has been carried out. The possibility of implementing the proposed in the project of e-learning of specialists of the agro-industrial complex is considered. The main factors that may hinder the process of informatization are identified: insufficient knowledge of information skills among workers in the agro-industrial complex; a small number of IT specialists in agriculture; lack of effectiveness of e-learning; low percentage of modern information technologies in the scientific support of the development of the agro-industrial complex. Ways of solving personnel problems on the basis of specialized educational institutions and fundamental scientific schools, including staff training using traditional forms of education, as well as training of specialists with fundamental theoretical knowledge and practical skills in the field of modern information technologies and information systems are proposed.
Key words: digital agriculture, informatization of the agro-industrial complex, personnel potential of the agro-industrial complex, rural territories.



1. Gataulin A. M., Filatov A. I., Svetlov N. M., Stratonovich Yu. R., Svetlova G. N., Karpuzova V. I., Lyadina N. G., Kopenkin Yu. I., Ermakova E. A., Chernysheva K. V., Sokolova N. V., Babkina A. V., Urazbahtina L. V., Puchkova O. S. Razvitie ekonomiko-matematicheskih metodov, informacionnyh sistem i tekhnologij v APK Rossijskoj Federacii (letopis' kafedry ekonomicheskoj kibernetiki). Irkutsk, 2017.

2. Karpuzova N. V. Povyshenie effektivnosti sistemy upravleniya APK regiona na osnove razvitiya informacionnoj infrastruktury: dis. kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.05 / Nadezhda Vasil'evna Karpuzova. M. , 2015.

3. Karpuzova V. I., Skripchenko E. N., CHernysheva K. V., Karpuzova N. V. Informacionnye sistemy i tekhnologii v menedzhmente APK: uchebnoe posobie. M. : BIBKOM, TRANSLOG, 2016. 462 p.

4. Karpuzova V. I., Skripchenko E. N., CHernysheva K. V., Karpuzova N. V. Informacionnye tekhnologii v menedzhmente: uchebnoe posobie. 2-e izd., dop. M. : Vuzovskij uchebnik: INFRA-M, 2017. 301 p.

5. Karpuzova V. I., Chernysheva K. V., Karpuzova N. V. Metodologicheskie aspekty formirovaniya informacionnoj sfery ekonomiki // Moskovskij ekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2018. № 3. pр. 25.

6. Karpuzova V. I., Chernysheva K. V., Sokolova N. V. Soderzhanie i metodologiya discipliny "Informacionnye sistemy i tekhnologii v ekonomike" // Sb. "Prepodavanie informacionnyh tekhnologij v Rossijskoj Federacii": Materialy XVI otkrytoj Vserossijskoj konferencii. 2018. pр. 165-167.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4658-2019-65-2-37-41

УДК 338.48.003.13 


L. V. YEVGRAFOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article discusses in detail issues related to the sustainable development of a rural tourist destination. The result of the argument is the conclusion that the equilibrium is not constant and stable. The practical examples consider the evolutionary and revolutionary development of a rural tourist destination. The criteria for all stages of its life cycle are detailed: the stage of exploration, the stage of involvement, the stage of development, the stage of fortification, the stage of stagnation. After the stage of stagnation, variability is possible: the stage of renewal, the ongoing stagnation or decline. The basic methods for assessing the economic efficiency of the functioning of a destination are formulated. The arguments of the complexity of evaluating the effectiveness. Introduced the concept of performance in accordance with international standards. The wave-like development of tourism infrastructure and industry has been studied. In conclusion, conclusions are formulated that the scope of agricultural tourism is surrounded by external economic, social, institutional, informational and other systems, the results of interaction with which force the rural tourist destination to constantly strive to achieve dynamic equilibrium.
Key words: sustainable development, agricultural tourism, destination, life cycle, efficiency of functioning, economic system, ecological system, social system, accommodation facilities.



1. Aleksandrova A. Yu. Struktura turistskogo rynka. M. : Press Solo, 2002. 304 p.

2. Leiper N. The framework of tourism: towards a definition of tourism, tourist, and the tourist Industry // Annals of Tourism Research. 1979. V. 6(4). pp. 390-407.

3. Ismailova A. Z. Razrabotka metodiki integral'noj ocenki kachestva turistskih uslug kak faktora povysheniya konkurentosposobnosti turistskih firm // Transportnoe delo Rossii. 2012. № 6. рp. 150-152.

4. Kalinichev V. L. Iz istorii uchastiya kooperativnogo dvizheniya v razvitii sel'skogo turizma // Rol' turizma v ustojchivom razvitii Russkogo Severa: Trudy vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Petrozavodsk : Karel'skij nauchnyj centr RAN, 2015. 350 p.

5. Zdorov A. B., Zdorov M. A. Koncepciya effektivnogo upravleniya sel'skoj territoriej // Vestnik RMAT. 2015. № 4. pр. 34-40.

6. Evgrafova L. V. Pokazateli ekonomicheskoj effektivnosti proizvodstva moloka // Mezhdunarodnyj sel'skohozyajstvennyj zhurnal. 2010. № 2.

7. Davydova L. V., Evgrafova L. V. Riski kadrovoj bezopasnosti // Problemy analiza, ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti i audita v sovremennoj Rossii: materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii studentov i prepodavatelej. M. : Nauchnyj konsul'tant, 2016. рp. 149-152.

8. Evgrafova L. V. Problemy organizacionno-ekonomicheskoj effektivnosti otrasli molochnogo skotovodstva v usloviyah nauchno-tekhnicheskogo progressa: Sbornik nauchnyh statej po materialam mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. M. , 2014. рp. 49-52.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-42-48

УДК 620.9:351


A. O. BUCHNEV, Ph. D. in Economic Sciences, Economist

Transneft, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article summarizes the global trends of state incentives for the use of biomass as a universal source of renewable energy. A brief classification of raw materials used in the bioenergy sector is given. Examples of local strategies for expanding the number of owners of renewable energy sources based on the use of biomass both by individuals and local communities are given. On the example of the active use of the energy source through biomass in Germany, its role has been investigated as a backup energy source that can compensate for peak loads at any time of the day, compensating for the seasonality of the production of renewable sources such as sun and wind. The parameters of the installed capacity of the bioenergy sector are considered in comparison with the area of agricultural land allocated for energy crops. Features and examples of successful use of the bioenergy sector in Germany and in other countries that differ in economic development are studied: in Brazil, China, Denmark, the Czech Republic, Cuba and other countries; an integrated approach to the institutional support of active stimulation of the use of the bioenergy sector is noted. . Estimates of the development of bioenergy in the world as a whole, including the number of jobs created, are given. In addition to the positive aspects of the application of this direction, the logistical limitations of the efficiency of the bioenergy sector are also considered. The generalized world experience is recommended for use in domestic conditions.

Key words: renewable energy, local stimulation of the use of biomass, energy crops, reserve source of energy.



1. Buchnev A. O. Celevoe gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie sootnosheniya vozobnovlyaemoj i nevozobnovlyaemoj energii // Gosudarstvennaya sluzhba. 2018. № 3. pр. 35-43.

2. Buchnev O. A., Margolin A. M. Pravotvorcheskaya deyatel'nost': ocenka reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya // Problemy teorii i praktiki upravleniya 2014. № 1. pр. 14-21.

3. Buchnev A. O. Konkurenciya al'ternativnoj i tradicionnoj energetiki: ob"ektivnaya real'nost' // Problemy teorii i praktiki upravleniya. 2010. № 5. pр. 18-24.

4. Bundesministerium fur Ernahrung und Landwirtschaft, BMEL. URL:

5. Weiland P. Status of biogas upgrading in Germany, IEA Task 37 Workshop «Biogas Upgrading», Austria, 2009. URL:

6. 91/676/EEC. URL:

7. Buchnev A. O. Gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie i stimulirovanie razvitiya vozobnovlyaemyh istochnikov energii // Gosudarstvennaya sluzhba. 2015. № 5. pр. 88-90.

8. Holm-Nielsen. J. B., Al Seadi T., Oleskowicz-Popiel P. The future of anaerobic digestion and biogas utilisation, Bioresour Technol 100, 2009 / OECD Workshop: Livestock Waste Treatment Systems of the Future: A Challenge to Environmental Quality, Food Safety, and Sustainability, pp. 5478–5484.

9. Holm-Nielsen J. B. Biogas plants in Denmark 2009 and forward: new tendencies and projects in the pipeline, IEA Bioenergy Task 37 workshop on energy from biogas and landfill gas, 2009. 19 p.

10. REN21. URL:

11. LAWI Engineering. URL:

12. The International Renewable Energy Agency. URL:

13. Kak Braziliya sozdavala novoe avtomobil'noe toplivo. URL:

14. Brazil Low-carbon Country Case Study. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank, 31 May 2010. 286 p.

15. Murray J. UK's Energy Secretary Promises Green Policies Will Boost GDP. URL:

16. The Renewable Energy Statistics 2017. URL:

17. Biomass Magazine. URL:

18. Oil World. URL:

19. Egorov I. Sovremennoe sostoyanie razvitiya biogazovoj energetiki v Rossii // Vozobnovlyaemye istochniki Rossii. RNEI. 2013. 62 p.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-49-58

УДК 338.439.02.005.13 


E. V. MARGOLINA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow

T. A. SPITSYNA, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences, Senior Lecturer

The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Project and Program Management, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article discusses the main approaches to assessing the effectiveness of state programs, in particular, the methodology developed by the Ministry of Economic Development and used in the Russian Federation at present. An element-by-element analysis of the methodology is presented, the main shortcomings of which (duplication of target indicators, unevenness and groundlessness of a number of indicators, the desire of the responsible performer to artificially overestimate program performance indicators at the planning stage, etc.) are illustrated by the example of the state program “Environmental Protection”. It is shown that the indicator approach to the evaluation of state programs does not give an idea of the quality of the development of the Program, its strategic focus, the consistency of its components and the effectiveness of the main activities. Evaluation of the substantive part of the Program is possible by attracting external qualified experts. It has been substantiated that it is advisable to use the PART methodology developed and successfully applied in the USA in the 2000s to develop an algorithm for rating government programs. PART is a universal tool that can be used to assess the effectiveness of the state program implemented in any industry.

Key words: state program, target indicators, methods for evaluating the effectiveness of state programs, PART tool.



1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 28 iyunya 2014 goda № 172-FZ "O strategicheskom planirovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii" [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

2. Ocenka programm: metodologiya i praktika / Pod red. A. I. Kuz'mina, R. O'Sallivan, N. A. Koshelevoj. M. : Presto-RK, 2009.

3. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 2 avgusta 2010 goda № 588 "Ob utverzhdenii Poryadka razrabotki, realizacii i ocenki effektivnosti gosudarstvennyh programm Rossijskoj Federacii".

4. Utochnennyj godovoj otchet o hode realizacii i ocenke effektivnosti gosudarstvennoj programmy "Ohrana okruzhayushchej sredy" na 2012-2020 gody za 2017 god. URL:

5. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 15 aprelya 2014 goda № 326 "Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvennoj programmy Rossijskoj Federacii "Ohrana okruzhayushchej sredy" na 2012-2020 gody".

6. Transport v Rossii 2018 / Rosstat. URL:

7. Prikaz Federal'noj sluzhby po nadzoru v sfere prirodopol'zovaniya ot 22 maya 2017 goda № 242 "Ob utverzhdenii Federal'nogo klassifikacionnogo kataloga othodov".

8. Borshchevskij G. A. Sovershenstvovanie podhodov k ocenke gosudarstvennyh programm Rossijskoj Federacii // Ekonomicheskij zhurnal VSHE, 2018. T. 22. № 1. pр. 110-134.

9. Margolin A. M. Puti sovershenstvovaniya metodov ocenki effektivnosti gosudarstvennyh programm // Ekonomicheskaya politika. 2018. T. 13. № 6. pр. 54–81.

10. Svodnyj godovoj doklad o hode realizacii i ocenke effektivnosti gosudarstvennyh programm Rossijskoj Federacii po itogam 2017 goda. URL:

11. Prikaz Ministerstva ekonomicheskogo razvitiya RF ot 16 sentyabrya 2016 goda № 582 "Ob utverzhdenii Metodicheskih ukazanij po razrabotke i realizacii gosudarstvennyh programm Rossijskoj Federacii".

12. Margolina E. V., Spicyna T. A. Novye tekhnologii chastno-gosudarstvennogo partnerstva v prirodoekspluatiruyushchih otraslyah ekonomiki // Prirodoobustrojstvo. 2013. № 4. pр. 101-106.

13. Margolin A. M., Dutkevich P. Novye tekhnologii gosudarstvennogo upravleniya v zerkale kanadskogo i rossijskogo opyta. Moskva-Ottava: MGUUP Pravitel'stva Moskvy, 2013. 272 p.

14. Guide to the Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART). Office of Management and Budget, 2008, January. URL:





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-59-66

УДК 658.5


S. P. KAZANTSEV, Advanced Doctor in Engineering Sciences, Professor

A. V. SEROV, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, Associate Professor

N. V. SEROV, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Senior Lecturer

Russian Timiryazev State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article discusses organizations and enterprises that are not engaged in commercial activities, but have an extensive material and technical base, the technical condition and effectiveness of which must be assessed. It is shown that vocational education organizations make the greatest contribution to the training of specialists for production. Presented and analyzed statistics. The method of analysis of the technical condition of the equipment, which is implemented on the basis of the data available at the departments, without using the accounting statements of the entire educational institution or enterprise, is considered. It is shown that the technical condition of training equipment is characterized by its physical and moral wear and tear, the level of use of new technology. The proposed methodology for assessing the effectiveness of organizational, maintenance impacts and equipment modernization of enterprises that are not engaged in commercial activities, which is based on two parameters: equipment downtime and the number of failures.  

Key words: repair, equipment, modernization, repair impact, economic efficiency, good condition 


1. Vysshee obrazovanie. [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://минобрнауки.рф/министерство/статистика/информация-2017/во-2017

2. Rossijskij statisticheskij ezhegodnik 2016 / Rosstat [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

3. Operativnaya informaciya "Obrazovanie v 2016 godu" / Rosstat [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

4. Kostyuchenko A. P. Statisticheskij analiz osnovnyh pokazatelej sistemy vysshego professional'nogo obrazovaniya v Rossii // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal "Molodoj uchenyj". 2017. Chast'. II. pp. 172-176.

5. Kalashnikova N. V., Kanunnikov P. P., Kuznecov Yu. A., Polohin A. M., Kravchenko I. N., Kataev Yu. V. Modernizaciya posevnyh mashin // Sel'skij mekhanizator. 2017. № 10. pp. 2-3.

6. Ivanovskij V. S., Kravchenko I. N. Vnedrenie avtomatizirovannyh informacionnyh sistem na servisnyh predpriyatiyah po remontu i modernizacii stroitel'nyh mashin i oborudovaniya // Nauchno-tekhnicheskij sbornik. 2010. pp. 91-99.

7. Yavorskaya E. A. Absolyutnoe prioritetnoe tekhnicheskoe obsluzhivanie tekhnologicheskih kompleksov mashin (na primere zernouborochnyh) // Sovremennye problemy i dostizheniya agrarnoj nauki v zhivotnovodstve i rastenievodstve (Yubilejnaya mezhdunarodnaya nauchnoprakticheskaya konferenciya): Sb. statej. Chast' 1. Barnaul : Izd-vo AGAU 2003. pp. 150-154.

8. Privalov P. V., Yavorskaya E. A. Effektivnost' funkcionirovaniya sredstv tekhnicheskogo obsluzhivaniya avtomobilej// Mekhanizaciya i elektrifikaciya sel'skohozyajstvennogo proizvod-stva: Sb. nauch. tr. Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskioj konferencii / Novosibirskij gosudarstvennyj agrarnyj universitet. Novosibirsk, 2003. pp. 215-220.

9. Privalov P. V. Ocenka effektivnosti funkcionirovaniya stancij (postov) tekhnicheskogo obsluzhivaniya stroitel'nyh i dorozhnyh mashin // Izvestiya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Stroitel'stvo / Novosibirskij gosudarstvennyj arhitekturno-stroitel'nyj universitet (Sibstrin). Novosibirsk, 2012. pp. 53-59.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-67-71

УДК 338(4/9):004.738.5(470)


S. M. DOGUCHAEVA, Ph. D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor

S. S. KOCHEROV, Student

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article discusses the Bank of Russia project for the transition of non-credit financial institutions to the expanding language of business reporting and summarizes its results for 2018. The influence of the project of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation as the first stage of XBRL implementation on the financial market of the Russian Federation is analyzed. A review of the statistics of the Russian NFO market is made in terms of the success of adopting a new format and the use of proprietary software for reporting. Examines current ways to use the XBRL format and new possible directions for use based on a ready-made information infrastructure. Understand the differences XBRL from other formats for the presentation and transmission of information, as well as its advantages and disadvantages. We consider the experience of using XBRL in foreign companies to solve their business problems. A list of the main reasons preventing the voluntary adaptation of the expanding language of business reporting among commercial organizations is being formed. The possibility of using XBRL on the territory of the Russian Federation is being studied not only as a reporting format, but also for such purposes as storage, aggregation, processing and transfer of information between financial market entities.

Key words: XBRL, taxonomy, financial statements, financial market, business information.


1. Otkrytyj standart otchetnosti XBRL [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

2. Vestnik XBRL №7 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

3. Otkrytyj standart otchetnosti XBRL [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

4. Vestnik XBRL №7 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

5. Okupaemost' investicij na XBRL [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

6. Raskrytie informacii XBRL. Set' svoevremennogo raskrytiya informacii [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

7. Zadacha XBRL: biznes-otchetnost' dlya investora [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

8. Progress XBRL v Evrope - proekty, pol'zovateli i perspektivy [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:!

9. O srokah perekhoda sub"ektov rynka mikrofinansirovaniya na predstavlenie otchetnosti v Bank Rossii v formate XBRL [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-72-77

УДК 631.15:004.738.5


S. M. DOGUCHAEVA, Ph. D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor

N. A. GORDIENKO, Student

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article deals with the problem of digitalization, designed to solve issues of global competitiveness and national security. A review of the current situation with the development of digital technologies in the Russian Federation was carried out, as well as the background to the digital transformation that will be carried out directly with the participation of the state and the largest technological giants. To ensure economic growth, it is necessary to adapt to current trends and successfully apply relevant developments. The article highlights the main directions of computerization, which can have a significant impact on the development of the industry. Among the information technologies used in production and having perspectives of wide application are: Internet of things, blockchain, artificial intelligence, big data. Particular attention is paid to a detailed analysis of the impact of digitalization on the economy. Based on the analysis, the positive and negative effects of the use of modern technologies in the sector of the economy were identified, one of which is technological unemployment. In the text, the author considers a situation in which the state can use this as an opportunity to introduce the concept of unconditional basic income, which neutralizes the negative effect and contributes to economic growth. 
Key words: information technologies, digital transformation, digital economy, the consequences of digitalization, development program, artificial intelligence, blockchain, basic income.


1. Global'nyj indeks setevogo vzaimodejstviya [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

2. Putin predlozhil zapustit' programmu cifrovoj ekonomiki v RF [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

3. Cifrovye tekhnologii [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

4. Neobhodimyj blokchejn: komu nuzhna tekhnologiya raspredelennogo reestra [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

5. Cifrovaya transformaciya ekonomiki: vyzovy i perspektivy [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

6. Chemezov ocenil rost VVP Rossii ot cifrovizacii ekonomiki [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

7. Ob"yasnenie avtomatizirovannoj ekonomiki: Mekhanika bezuslovnogo bazovogo dohoda [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

8. Bazovyj dohod mozhet usilit' motivaciyu k rabote [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-78-84

УДК 339.97:621.31


E. V. ZENKINA, Advanced Doctor in Economic Sciences, Leading Researcher

Institute of Economics RAS, Russian Federation, Moscow

N. V. IVINA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Senior Lecturer

The Russian Presidential of National Economy and Public Administration, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. International cooperation is one of the key factors for maintaining the stable development of all countries of the world, and on the world political arena is the guarantor of security and harmonious development not only at the regional, but also at the global level. Sustainable development of the oil and gas industry of the Russian Federation in the long and medium term directly depends on the stability and regularity of natural gas supplies to the world market and, of course, an increase in export volumes. This can be achieved through access to new promising markets in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as through the development of liquefied natural gas. Russian-Chinese cooperation is strategic, not limited to trade and economic relations. The interaction of Russia and China is interaction at the level of economic strategy and energy diplomacy. The cooperation of the two states has a number of unique advantages and a huge potential, because geographical proximity and a common extended border also serve as positive factors for the development of mutually beneficial economic relations.

Key words: world economy, international economic relations, international cooperation, world politics.


1. Navrotskaia N. A., Kovaleva E. A., Zenkina E. V., Kutlyeva G. M., Bogacheva T. V., Bondarchuk N. V. Technological cooperation trends under conditions of the modern world economy // International journal of engineering and technology (UAE). 2018. t. 7. № 3.15 (Specialissue 15). рр. 288-292.

2. Memorandum o vzaimoponimanii po osnovnym napravleniyam ekonomicheskogo i nauchnotekhnicheskogo sotrudnichestva mezhdu Rossijskoj Federaciej i Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respublikoj. № 47, ot 22 noyabrya 1997 goda.

3. Sovmestnaya Deklaraciya Rossijskoj Federacii i Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki. Pekin, 16 oktyabrya 2004 goda.

4. Sovmestnaya Deklaraciya Rossijskoj Federacii i Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki. Pekin, 22 marta 2006 goda.

5. Fan Tintin. Razvitie rossijsko-kitajskogo energeticheskogo sotrudnichestva // Rossiya i ATR. 2012. № 1. рр. 96-103.

6. Malinina E. V. Sovremennye aspekty usileniya vzaimosvyazi mezhdu investicionnoj i innovacionnoj politikoj // Dajdzhest-finansy. 2009. № 10 (178). рр. 43-46.

7. Antonov G. D., Ivanova O. P., Tumin V. M. Upravlenie proektami organizacii: uchebnik. M. : INFRA-M, 2018. 244 р.

8. Bobryshev A. D. Biznes-modeli v upravlenii ustojchivym razvitiem predpriyatij: uchebnik / A. D. Bobryshev, V. M. Tumin, K. M. Tarabrin [i dr.]; pod obshch. red. d-ra ekon. nauk, prof. A. D. Bobrysheva, doktora ekon. nauk, prof. V. M. Tumina. M. : INFRA-M, 2019. 289 р.

9. Stroitel'stvo NPZ v Kitae i NHK na Dal'nem Vostoke // ROSNEFT' [Elektronnyj dostup]. URL:

10. Postroenie sovremennyh biznes-modelej v promyshlennosti: monografiya / A. D. Bobryshev, K. M. Tarabrin, V. M. Tumin [i dr.]; pod obshch. red. A. D. Bobrysheva, V. M. Tumina. M. : INFRA-M, 2017. 226 р.

11. Antonov G. D., Ivanova O. P., Tumin V. M. Strategicheskoe upravlenie organizaciej: uchebnoe posobie. M. : INFRA-M, 2016. 239 р.

12. Panov A. M. Ekonomicheskij poyas SHelkovogo Puti: perspektivy rossijsko-kitajskogo sotrudnichestva // Problemy sovremennoj ekonomiki. 2014. рр. 284-287.

13. Rossijskaya chast' gazoprovoda «Sila Sibiri» gotova na chetvert' // TEKNO: [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

14. Tumin V. M., Kostromin P. A., Vihrova A. S. Zarubezhnaya i otechestvennaya praktika upravleniya ustojchivym razvitiem promyshlennyh predpriyatij na osnove povysheniya informacionnoj prozrachnosti vedeniya biznesa // Rossijskij tekhnologicheskij zhurnal. 2016. T. 4. № 1(10). рр. 71-85.

15. Antonov G. D., Ivanova O. P., Tumin V. M. Upravlenie konkurentosposobnost'yu organizacij i territorij: uchebnik. M. : INFRA-M, 2019. 347 р.

16. Zenkina E. V. Razvitie mezhdunarodnogo biznesa v postindustrial'noj ekonomike // Izvestiya MGTU «MAMI». 2014. T. 5. № 1. рр. 34-36.

17. Zenkina E. V. K voprosu razvitiya biznes-sredy v Rossii // Izvestiya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Seriya: Ekonomika, finansy i upravlenie proizvodstvom. 2017. № 3(33). рр. 42-45.

18. Malinina E. V. Upravlenie povysheniem konkurentosposobnosti promyshlennosti i ego nauchnoprakticheskoe obespechenie: avtoref. dis. doktora ekon. nauk / Malinina Elena Vyacheslavovna. M. : 2009.

19. Shkaeva A. G., Zenkina E. V. Rol' rossijsko-kitajskogo innovacionnogo sotrudnichestva v obespechenii konkurentosposobnosti stran // Izvestiya Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta MAMI. 2015. T. 5. № 4 (26). рр. 114-115.













DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-85-91

УДК 37:811.161.1(575.3)


O. A. ILINA, Ph. D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor

State Institute of Russian Language

Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Russian Federation, Moscow



Abstract. The article presents the results of a study of the interests of Tajik students in relation to the materials they would like to learn Russian. The study involved various groups of students students of the linguistic department of a branch of Moscow State University named after MV Lomonosov in Dushanbe, non-philology students of the same university and students of Tajik schools. The common points of interests of different groups are identified, and the specific preferences of each focus group are shown. The field of interests is considered as an independent category of nationally oriented teaching of the Russian language, in accordance with which the process of teaching the Russian language is historically built in the Republic of Tajikistan. The use of nationally oriented methods of teaching Russian in this region is due to sociolinguistic and linguistic factors, among which the high prevalence of the Russian language in the region, the interest of the population in learning Russian, the close interaction of Russian and Tajik languages in the general communicative space should be noted. 

Key words: learning content, motivation, nationally-oriented learning, translinguism, Russian as a non-native, Russian in Tajikistan, Russian in the post-Soviet space.



1. Gal'skova N. D., Gez N. I. Teoriya obucheniya inostrannym yazykam. Lingvodidaktika i metodika: uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov lingvisticheskih, un-tov i fak. in. yaz. vyssh. ped. ucheb. zavedenij. 3-e izd., ster. M. : Izdatel'skij centr "Akademiya", 2006. 336 p.

2. Nagzibekova M. B. Russkij yazyk v Tadzhikistane // SLAVICA HELSINGIENSIA. 2008. T. 35. рp. 237-242.

3. Shchukin A. N. Metodika prepodavaniya russkogo yazyka kak inostrannogo: uchebnoe posobie dlya vuzov. M. : Vysshaya shkola, 2003. 334 p.

4. Programma po russkomu yazyku dlya obshcheobrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenij s tadzhikskim yazykom obucheniya (2-11 klassy). Dushanbe, 2008. 124 p.

5. Bahtikereeva U. M. Hudozhestvennyj bilingvizm i osobennosti russkogo hudozhestvennogo teksta pisatelya-bilingva: dis. doktora filol. nauk / Bahtikereeva Uldanaj Maksutovna. M., 2005. 387 p.

6. Il'ina O. A. Translingvizm i nacional'no orientirovannoe obuchenie v metodike prepodavaniya russkogo yazyka kak nerodnogo // Mezhdunarodnaya nauchno-prakticheskaya internetkonferenciya "Aktual'nye voprosy opisaniya i prepodavaniya russkogo yazyka kak inostrannogo / nerodnogo". Sbornik materialov pod obshch. red. N. V. Kulibinoj. M. : GIRYAP, 2018. рp. 463-467.

7. Shambezoda X. D. Funkcionirovanie russkogo yazyka v Respublike Tadzhikistan: proshloe, nastoyashchee, budushchee // Russkij yazyk za rubezhom. 2007. № 3. рp. 102-106.

8. Vagner V. N. Metodika prepodavaniya russkogo yazyka anglogovoryashchim i frankogovoryashchim na osnove mezh"yazykovogo sopostavitel'nogo analiza: Fonetika. Grafika. Slovoobrazovanie. Struktury predlozhenij, poryadok slov. Chasti rechi. M. : VLADOS, 2001. 384 p.

9. Proshina Z. G. Translingvizm i ego prikladnoe znachenie // Vestnik RUDN. Seriya: "Voprosy obrazovaniya: yazyki i special'nost'". 2017. № 2. рp. 155-170.

10. Komarova Yu. A., Vasilenko S. S. Otbor soderzhaniya obucheniya inostrannomu yazyku studentov-lingvistov // Vestnik YUUrGU. Seriya: "Obrazovanie. Pedagogicheskie nauki". 2014. T. 6. № 3. рp. 77-81.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-92-97

УДК 378.147:33


S. I. LILIMBERG, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Chelyabinsk State University, Kostanay branch, Kazakhstan, Kostanay



Abstract. The rapid development of the information society requires new, more progressive approaches to the system of modern higher education. In the conditions of tough competition between universities offering economic education, the search for competitive advantages that would make this university more preferable in the educational services market is particularly important. This study is devoted to the creation of a teacher of key conditions for the revitalization of the cognitive activity of students studying in economic specialties. Methods of enhancing students' cognitive activity are many and varied. Each teacher in the course of their learning activities develops and uses their own teaching methods. Various techniques are applied not only in classroom lessons, but also in the process of extracurricular work, educational work, which also involves the organization of various events using one or another method. Each department periodically holds thematic Olympiads, quizzes, brain-rings, student debates. The article presents various forms of higher education classes developed and tested in the practice of teaching economic disciplines with the use of instructional techniques that enable cognitive activization. the goals achieved in the process of using those or other teaching methods is considered in detail.

Key words: higher education, cognitive activity of students, students' thinking, teaching methods, active teaching methods, pedagogical techniques, methodical techniques.


1. Solov'eva I. A. Novye tendencii v sovremennom vysshem obrazovanii // Vestnik KazNPU. 2012. № 3 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

2. Bobrova T. A. Sovremennaya sistema vysshego obrazovaniya Rossijskoj Federacii: osnovnye problemy i puti ih resheniya // Molodoj uchenyj. 2018. № 45. рр. 127-130 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

3. Blinov V. I., Vinenko V. G., Sergeev I. S. Metodika prepodavaniya v vysshej shkole. Uchebnoprakticheskoe posobie. M. : Yurajt, 2015. 318 р.

4. Zaichenko A. A., Strel'chenko E. A., Bezuglaya L. A. Metodika prepodavaniya ekonomicheskih disciplin. M. : Sodejstvie–XXI vek, 2014. 200 р.

5. Nikolaenko Yu. P. Realizaciya aktivnyh form i metodov obucheniya v prepodavanii ekonomicheskih disciplin // Vestnik Social'no-pedagogicheskogo instituta. 2012 [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:

6. D'yui D. Psihologiya i pedagogika myshleniya / Per. s angl. N. M. Nikol'skoj. M. : Sovershenstvo, 1997. 208 p. [Elektronnyj resurs]. URL:





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-98-104

УДК 37.034


A. N. MAGOMEDOVA, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor

Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Russian Federation, Makhachkala



Abstract. In the article on the basis of the analysis of the processes occurring in science, society and education, a model of education based on moral and bioethical values is proposed. In modern education, there are contradictions between the need of society in the formation of individuals capable and ready to be active, but correctly building their living space on the norms of ethics and bioethical morality, on the one hand, and the harsh conditions of the modern political and socio-economic system that require personality ability to survive, on the other hand, as well as between the need of a professional teacher school to implement the practice of preparing teachers for bioethical students, on the one hand, and insufficient attention to the development of the psychological and pedagogical foundations for organizing such training in pedagogical universities, on the other hand. Bioethical education is an integral part of culture, a special sphere of purposeful human activity, which includes scientists with their knowledge and abilities, scientific and educational institutions and has as its task the study (based on certain methods of knowledge) of the objective laws of nature, society and thinking to predict and the transformation of reality in the interests of nature, society and man. 

Key words: science, education, bioethics, morality, concept, upbringing, humanization, bioethical upbringing, society, scientific, ecologization, conceptual model, culture of upbringing, personal activity, identity, self-worth, pluralism, variability.


1. Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Yu. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo yazyka: 80000 slov i frazeologicheskih vyrazhenij / Rossijskaya AN.; Rossijskij fond kul'tury. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. M. : AZ", 1994. p. 570-571.

2. Gulyanickaya L. Vozrastnye osobennosti soderzhaniya ponyatiya «prirody» u shkol'nikov. Daugavpils, 1994. pр. 32-34.

3. Tolstova O. I. Iz opyta bioeticheskogo vospitaniya studentov v har'kovskoj gosudarstvennoj zooveterinarnoj akademii // Bioetika - put' k mirovym standartam: tezisy dokl. II Mezhdunarodnogo simpoziuma. Har'kov, 2005. pр. 188-189.

4. Apresyan R. G., Shamov I. A. Soveshchanie YUNESKO po problemam prepodavaniya etiki i bioetiki // Voprosy filosofii. 2005. № 7. 163 p.

5. Harchenko L. N. Tradicii i innovacii vuzovskoj sistemy biologicheskogo obrazovaniya. M. : Ileksa, 2002. 96 p.

6. Yasvin V. A. Psihologiya otnosheniya k prirode. M. : Smysl, 2000 pр. 219-223.

7. Lihachev D. S. Ekologiya - problema nravstvennaya // Nashe nasledie. 1991. № 1. pр. 3-7.

8. Ekologicheskoe obrazovanie: opyt Rossii i Germanii. M. : Gorizont, 1997. 512 p.

9. Mertens G. Umwelterziehung: eine Grundlegung ihrer Ziele. 3. Aufl. Paderborn. Munchen; Wien; Zurich: Schoningh, 1995. 233 p.

10. Vvedenie v bioetiku / Pod red. B. G. Yudina. M. : Progress-Tradiciya, 1998. 384 p.

11. Weizsacker E. U. von Erdpolitik: Okologische Realpoitik an der Schwelle zum Jahrhundert der Umwelt. Darmstadt: Wiss. Buchges. 1990. XIII. 9 p.

12. Novikov A. M. Rossijskoe obrazovanie v novoj epohe: paradoksy naslediya, vektory razvitiya. M. : Egves, 2000. pр. 71-78.

13. Harchenko L. N. Teoriya i praktika biologicheskogo obrazovaniya v sovremennom pedagogicheskom vuze: dis. doktora ped. nauk / Harchenko Leonid Nikolaevich Stavropol', 2002. 399 p.

14. Harchenko L. N., Magomedova A. N. Bioeticheskij tezaurus. Stavropol' : Izd-vo SKFU, 2016. 36 p.

15. Harchenko L. N., Magomedova A. N. Obosnovanie pedagogicheskoj kategorii «Bioeticheskoe vospitanie lichnosti v sisteme obrazovaniya» // Mir nauki, kul'tury, obrazovaniya. 2015. № 2(51). pр. 92-98.

16. Magomedova A. N., Harchenko L. N. Prirodno-civilizacionnye vzaimootnosheniya v ih dinamike i problemah. Deutschland : LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2016. 160 p.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-105-109

УДК (371:78).330.12


A. M. KHRULEVA, graduate student

Krasnodar State Institute of Culture, Russian Federation, Krasnodar



Abstract. The article considers the terms “stability” and “instability” that recently entered categorical system of the humanities: philosophy, psychology and pedagogy. Their semantic meaning is dialectically interconnected. Moreover, instability as a subject of scientific reflection now has no negative meaning anymore which contained in everyday life. For example, the will to creative activity and creative development can be stable, but at the same time, personality continuously evolving can find out instability in original state. We can consider pedagogical stability as successful vocational adjustment to the different risks and stress generating factors that occur in educational process. The article analyses psychological and pedagogical conditions that allow improve pedagogical stability of students acquiring a teacher of music profession.
Key words: pedagogical and psychological stability, identity, instability, music teacher.


1. Bozhovich L. I. Selected Works in Psychology. M. : MPA, 1955. 212 p. (in Russian)

2. Krupnik E. P., Lebedeva E. N. Psychological Resistance of Personal Constructs in Adulthood Period // Journal of Psychology. 2000. Vol. 21. № 6. pp. 12-23. (in Russian)

3. Leontiev A. N. Activity. Consciousness. Personality. M. : Politizdat, 1977. 304 p. (in Russian)

4. Leontiev D. A., Shelobanova E. V. Professional Identity as a Shaping of Possible Future Vision // Questions in Psychology. 2001. № 1. pp. 57-66. (in Russian)

5. Perevalova A. A. Professional Stability of Future Teacher. Vocational Education in Russia and Abroad. 2015. № 4 (20). pp. 172-176. (in Russian)

6. Perevalova A. A. Professional Stability of Future Teacher. Article 3 // Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. 2014. № 4-1 (60). pp. 81-86. (in Russian)

7. Perevalova A. A. Professional Stability of Future Teacher. Article 1. Essence of the concept of Stability Detailing: multidisciplinary approach // Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. 2013. № 2-2 (54). pp. 238-243. (in Russian)

8. Perevalova A. A. Professional Stability of Future Teacher. Article 2. Observation of Specialist’s Professional Stability. In the World of Scientific Discoveries. 2013. № 11-7 (47). pp. 178-183. (in Russian)

9. Smoliakova T. V. Professional Identity of Artworkers // Young Researcher. 2011. № 1. pp. 193-195. (in Russian)

10. Astashova N. A., Malkina O. V. Values of Educational Work and Career Ambitious Objectives of Present-Day Teachers // News of Smolensk State University. 2015. № 2 (30). pp. 315-326. (in Russian)

11. Chudnovskiy V. E. Moral Stability of Personality: Psychological Researches // Scientific and Research Institute of general and pedagogical psychology. M. : Pedagogika, 1981. 208 p. (in Russian)

12. Zimniaia I. A. Pedagogical Psychology. M. : Logos, 2000. 384 p. (in Russian)

13. Schneider L. B. Professional Identity: structure, genesis and shaping: extended abstract of dissertation Ph. D in Psychology / L. B. Schneider. M., 2001. 39 p. (in Russian)

14. Albukhanova-Slavskaia K. A. Personality’s Life Management. Psychology of Personality and Lifestyle. M. : Nauka, 1987. 219 p. (in Russian)

15. Aleksandrov E. P., Lasheva E. V. Sense Bearing Barriers of Students’ Professional Identity // Cultural Life of South Russia. 2017. № 3 (66), pp. 77-80. (in Russian)

16. Aleksandrov E. P. Fundamentals of Personality’s Self-organization in Education, Occupation and Culture. Taganrog : Publ. RGSU, 2012. 110 p. (in Russian)

17. May R. Source of Spirituality: Psychology of Conflict. Saint Petersburg : Piter, (Rus. Ed. Grishina N. V. 2-nd ed.), 2016. 480 p.





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-110-117

УДК 159.94


A. E. ISIMOVA, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Senior Researcher

National Defense University named after First President of the Respublic of Kazakhstan – Elbasy,

Military Research Center, Kazakhstan, Nur-Sultan



Abstract. There is analysis of methods for coping with work related stress including, gender distinguishing, health oriented, occupation focused, and family based. Specifically, the article is considered whether social identification that is related with other methods has a moderator effect ontherelationshipbetweenworkplacestressandfamilyfunctioning. Moderationanalysis was conducted by using multiple linear regression analysis, and it indicated that the impact of workplace stress on family functioning is dependent on individual’s social identification level with their family. The interaction between social identification and workplace stress was significant (p < 0.5), that means social identification moderated the relationship between workplace stress and family functioning. Workplace stress would not negatively effect on family functioning (p > 0.5) that individual’s whose social identification with their family was high. In contrast, lower identification with family compared with individual’s higher social identification and more significant negative impact from workplace stress on their family functioning. Author concludes that social identification is more effective method to reduce work related stress’s impact on family functioning. 

Key words: coping method, work related stress, family functioning, social identification.


1. Lazarus R. S., Folkman S. Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer Press, 1984.

2. Taifel H. Social categorization, social identity and social comparison. In H.Taifel (Ed.), Differentiation between social groups: Studies in the Social Psychology of Ingroup Relations London: Academic Press, pp. 61-76.

3. Wang Sh., Repetti R., Campos B. Job stress and family social behavior: the moderating role of neuroticism // Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 2011. № 16(4). рр. 441-456.

4. Pennebaker J. W. The Psychology of Physical Symptoms. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1982.

5. Skreden M., Skari H., Malt U., Pripp A., Bjork M., Faugli F., Emblem R. Parenting stress and emotional well-being in mothers and fathers // Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2012. № 40. рр. 596–604.

6. Billings A., Moos R. Work stress and the stress-buffering roles of work and family resources // Journal of Occupational Behaviour, 1982. № 3. рр. 215-232.

7. Stone A., Neale J., John M. New measure of daily coping: Development and preliminary results // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1984. № 46(4). рр. 892-906.

8. Gopalan N., Brannon L. A. Increasing family member’s appreciation of family caregiving stress // The Journal of Psychology. 2006. № 140. рр. 85-94.

9. Gender and stress In Rosalind C., Lois B., & Grace, B. K. (Eds). London: Collier Macmillian, 1987.

10. Seiffge-Krenke I., Aunola K., Nurmi J. Changes in Stress Perception and Coping During Adolescence: The Role of Situational and Personal Factors. Child Development. 2009. № 80. рр. 259-279.

11. Barnett R. C., Baruch G. K. Women’s involvement in multiple roles and psychological distress // Journal of Personal Social Psychology. 1985. № 49(1). рр. 135-145.

12. Delmonte M. M. Mediation and anxiety reduction: A literature review. Clinical Psychology review. 1985. № 5. рр. 91-102.

13. Pressman S. D., Matthews K. A., Cohen Sh., Martie L. M., Scheier M., Baum A., Schulz R. Association of Enjoyable Leisure Activities with Psychological and Physical Well-Being. Psychosomatic Medicine. 2009. № 71. рр. 725-732.

14. Klink J. J., Blonk R. W., Schene A. H., Dijk. F. J. The benefits of interventions for work-related stress // Journal Public Health, 2001. № 91(2). рр. 270–276.

15. Mawby R. C., Worrall T. Probation workers and their occupational cultures. Assessed from

16. Lazarus R. S., Alfert E. Short – circuiting of threat by experimentally altering cognitive appraisal // The Journal of Social Psychology. 1964. № 69. р. 195.

17. Kiecolt – Glaser J. K., Fisher L. D., Ogrocki P., Stout J. C., Speicher C. E., Glaser R. Marital quality, marital disruption and immune functioning // Psychosomatic Medicine. 1987. № 49 (1). рр. 13–34.

18. Kiecolt – Glaser J. K., Malarkey W. B., Chee M., Newton T., Cacioppo J. T., Mao H. Y., Glaser R. Negative behavior during marital conflict is associate with immunological down – regulation // Psychosomatic Medicine. 1993. № 55(5). рр. 395-409.

19. Beck A. Cognitive approaches to stress. In R. L. Woolfolk & P. M. Lehrer (Eds.) // Principles and practices of stress management. New York: Guilford. 1984. pp. 255-305.

20. Nurul F., Tear M., Cruwys T. (). Stressful life transitions and well-being: a comparison of the stress buffering hypothesis and the social identity model of identity change. Psychiatry Research. 2017. № 247. рр. 265-275.

21. Veresova M., Mala D. (2012). Stress, Proactive Coping and Self-Efficacy of Teachers // Procedia – Social and Behavioural Sciences. 2012. № 55(5). рр. 294-300.

22. Adzei F., Atinga R. Motivation and retention of health worker in Ghana’s district hospitals: addressing the critical issues // Journal of Health Organization and Management. 2012. № 26. р. 467.

23. Spicuzza F. J. Burnout in the helping professions: Mutual aid groups as self-help // Journal of Applied Behavioural Science. 1982. № 12. рр. 410-418.

24. Avanzi L., Fraccaroli F., Castelli L., Marcionetti J., Crescentini A., Balducci C., Dick R. How to mobilize social support against workload and burnout: the role of organizational identification // Teaching and Teacher Education. 2018. № 69. рр. 154-167.

25. Haslam A., Reicher S. Stressing the group: Identity and the Unfolding Dynamics of responses to stress // Journal of Applied Psychology. 2006. № 91(5). рр. 1037-1052.

26. Haslam SA., O’Brien A., Jetten J., Volmedal K., Penna S. Taking the strain: social identity, social support and the experience of stress // British Journal of Social Psychology. 2005. № 44(3). рр. 355-370.

27. Pleck J. H. Working wives/working husbands. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 1985.

28. Baider L., Ever-Hadani P., Goldzweig G., Wygoda MR, Peretz T. (). Is perceived family support a relevant variable in psychological distress // Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2003. № 55(5). рр. 453-460.

29. House J. S., Wells J. A. Occupational stress, social support, and health. In: McLean, A., Black, G., & Colligan, M. (Eds.). Reducing Occupational Stress: Proceeding of a Conference. US. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Publication 1978. № 78-140.

30. LaRocco J. M., House J. S., French J. R. P. Social support, occupational stress, and health // Journal of Health and Social Behaviour. 1980. № 21. рр. 202-218.

31. Carlson P., Perrewe P. The Role of Social Support in the Stressor – Strain Relationship: An Examination of Work-Family Conflict // Journal of Management. 1999. № 25(4). рр. 513-540.

32. Konrad S. Family emotional expressiveness and family structure // Psihologija. 2016. № 49(4). рр. 319-333. DOI: 10.2298/PSI1604319C.

33. Haslam A., Jetten J., Postmes T., Haslam C. Social identity, Health and Well-being: An Emerging Agenda for Applied Psychology // Journal of Applied Psychology. 2009. № 58(1). рр. 1-23. DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.

34. Fiol C. M., O’Connor E. J. Identification in face-to-face, hybrid, and pure virtual teams: Untangling the contradictions // Organization Science. 2005. № 16. рр. 19-32.

35. Pratt M. G., Rafaelli A. Organizational dress as a symbol of multilayered social identities // Academy of Management Journal. 1997. № 40(4). рр. 862-898.

36. Scot C. Communication and Social identity Theory: Existing and Potential Connections in Organizational Identification research // Communication Studies. 2007. № 58. рр. 123-138. DOI: 10.1080/10510970701341063.

37. Postmes T., Tanis M., DeWit B. Communication and commitment in organizations: A social identity approach // Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. 2001. № 4(3). рр. 227-246.

38. Klink J. L., Byars-Winston A., Bakken L. L. Coping efficacy and perceived family support: Potential factors for reducing stress in premedical students // Medical Education. 2008. № 42. рр. 572-579.

39. Caplan G. The family as a support system. In Caplan, G. & Killea, M. (Eds.) // Support Systems and Mutual Help. New York: Grune & Stratton, 1976.

40. Edwards J., Rothbard N. Work and Family Stress and Well-Being: An Examination of PersonEnvironment Fit in the Work and Family Domains // Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes. 1999. № 77(2). рр. 85-129.

41. Pollock E., Kazman J., Deuster P. (). Family Functioning and Stress in African American Families: A Strength-Based Approach // Journal of Black Psychology. 2015. № 41(2). рр. 144-169. 





DOI: 10.34286/1995-4638-2019-65-2-118-123

УДК 636:612.018:599.323.4


M. F. RUSTAMOVA, graduate student

M. M. GANIEV, Advanced Doctor in Medical Sciences, Professor

Azerbaijan Medical University, Research Center, Azerbaijan, Baku



Abstract. The effect of long-term use of the usual antipsychotic agent haloperidol and the atypical antipsychotic agent clozapine on the level of luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, estriol, prolactin in the blood of female ratswas studied. During the experiments, the peculiarities of the influence of each of the studied drugs on the metabolism of sex hormones and prolactin were revealed. The state of the hormonal level in the blood significantly affects the level of perception of educational information, the pedagogical impact on students, in general, the quality of student preparation at all levels of the educational system, especially in adolescence. On the basis of the experiments and experiments (mainly in rats) and the study of their (experimental rats) behavior after the drugs were injected, measures were taken to study the level of influence on the reaction of external information, its memorization (development of a conditioned reflex). A decrease in estradiol indicates the effect of haloperidol and clozapine on the synthesis of estradiol in the ovaries. Changes in the content of gonadotropic hormones, estrogen and progesterone, along with an increase in the level of prolactin, can serve as a basis for the development of reproductive dysfunctions in women. According to the study, a model has been developed for the using of drugs to regulate the level of hormones in the blood of biological organisms.

Key words: sex hormones, educational process, adolescence, antipsychotic agent, clozapine, haloperidol.



1. Agius M., Hockings H. Is oestrogenneuroprotectiv? // Psychiatriadanubina, 2009. Vol. 21. № 1. pp. 120-127; 17 – Liu M. Et al. // Minerva Endocrinol. 2010. V. 35. № 2. рp. 127-143.

2. Rajkumar R. Rh. Prolactin and psychopathology in Schizophrenia: a literature review and reappraisal // Schizophrenia research and treatment (electronic resource). 2014. Mode of access:

3. McEwen B. S. Estrogen actions throughout the brain // Recording Progress in Hormonesresearcher. 2002. Vol. 57. рр. 357-384.

4. Smith S., Wheeler M. J., Murray R., O'Keane V. The effects of antipsychoticinducedhyperprol actinaemia on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis // Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. 2002. Vol. 22. № 2. рр. 109-114.

5. Ahmadeev A. V., Kalimullina L. B. Pokazateli moduliruyushchego vliyaniya polovyh steroidov na ul'trastrukturnye harakteristiki nejronov dorsomedial'nogo yadra mindalevidnogo kompleksa mozga // Citologiya, 2006. T. 48. № 12. рр. 971-979.

6. Babichev V. N. Nejroendokrinnyj effekt polovyh // Uspekhi fiziologicheskih nauk. 2005. T. 36. № 1. рр. 54-67.

7. Fedotova Yu. O., Sapronov N. S. Effekty estrogenov v central'noj nervnoj sisteme // Uspekhi fiziologicheskih nauk. 2007. T. 38. № 2. рр. 46-62.

8. Biegon A., McEwen B. S. Modulation by estradiol of serotonin receptors in brain // J. Neuroscience. 1982. Vol. 2. рр. 199-205.

9. Yankovskaya A. G. Gormonal'nye narusheniya gipotalamo-gipofizarno-gonadnoj osi u zhenshchin s shizofreniej (obzor literatury) // Zhurnal Grodnenskogo gosudarstvennogo medicinskogo universiteta. 2015. № 4. рр. 5-9.

10. Riecher-Rossler A., Kulkarni J. Estrogens and gonadal function in schizophrenia and related psychoses//Current topics in behavioral neuroscience. 2010. V. 8. рр. 155-171.

11. Direktiva 2010/63/ EU evropejskogo parlamenta i soveta Evropejskogo soyuza po ohrane zhivotnyh, ispol'zuemyh v nauchnyh celyah. SPb., 2012. 48 р.

12. Laakman G., Erentraut Z., Kun K., Bagaj T., Shyule K. Endokrinologiya psihotropnyh preparatov // Social'naya i klinicheskaya psihiatriya. 1998. T. 8. Vyp. 2. рр. 123–145.

13. Kulikova E. A. Primenenie gormonal'nyh kontraceptivov v kompleksnom lechenii zhenshchin, bol'nyh shizofreniej: dis. kand. med. nauk / Kulikova Elena Arkad'evna M., 1992. 167 р.

14. Gefvert O., Lindstrom B. Time cours for dopamin and serotonin receptor occupancy in the brain of schizophrenic patiants following dosing with 150mg «Seroquel» // CNS Drags. 1996.